ViaSat, Inc.
VIASAT INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 02/11/2015 15:02:21)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended January 2, 2015.

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to             .

Commission File Number (000-21767)

 

 

ViaSat, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   33-0174996

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

6155 El Camino Real

Carlsbad, California 92009

(760) 476-2200

(Address of principal executive offices and telephone number)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x   Accelerated filer    ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   Smaller reporting company    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.0001 par value, as of January 30, 2015 was 47,638,563.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     3   

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

     3   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     4   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     5   

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity

     6   

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     7   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     24   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     42   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     42   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     42   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     43   

Item 6. Exhibits

     43   

Signatures

     44   


Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In thousands)  
ASSETS      

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 97,644       $ 58,347   

Accounts receivable, net

     268,102         271,891   

Inventories

     129,187         119,601   

Deferred income taxes

     38,695         37,712   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     43,517         44,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

  577,145      531,621   

Satellites, net

  729,915      630,836   

Property and equipment, net

  413,852      421,666   

Other acquired intangible assets, net

  46,529      35,397   

Goodwill

  117,276      83,627   

Other assets

  268,607      256,968   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

$ 2,153,324    $ 1,960,115   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$ 82,330    $ 98,852   

Accrued liabilities

  187,003      175,974   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

  269,333      274,826   

Senior notes, net

  582,965      583,861   

Other long-term debt

  235,853      105,900   

Other liabilities

  40,975      48,893   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

  1,129,126      1,013,480   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

Equity:

ViaSat, Inc. stockholders’ equity

Common stock

  5      5   

Paid-in capital

  773,595      776,452   

Retained earnings

  244,414      211,600   

Common stock held in treasury

  —        (49,358

Accumulated other comprehensive income

  920      2,313   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total ViaSat, Inc. stockholders’ equity

  1,018,934      941,012   

Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary

  5,264      5,623   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity

  1,024,198      946,635   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

$ 2,153,324    $ 1,960,115   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     January 2, 2015     January 3, 2014     January 2, 2015     January 3, 2014  
     (In thousands, except per share data)  

Revenues:

    

Product revenues

   $ 174,299      $ 193,846      $ 536,352      $ 586,398   

Service revenues

     165,254        138,709        481,430        421,140   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     339,553        332,555        1,017,782        1,007,538   

Operating expenses:

    

Cost of product revenues

     123,675        140,530        382,757        427,517   

Cost of service revenues

     110,237        102,606        330,583        313,010   

Selling, general and administrative

     70,962        69,100        194,462        207,474   

Independent research and development

     11,850        15,143        33,177        44,150   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     4,651        3,652        13,338        10,949   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

     18,178        1,524        63,465        4,438   

Other income (expense):

    

Interest income

     857        3        1,229        28   

Interest expense

     (7,640     (9,169     (24,606     (29,201
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     11,395        (7,642     40,088        (24,735

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

     (3,389     (1,682     7,633        (19,569
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     14,784        (5,960     32,455        (5,166

Less: Net (loss) income attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     (27     33        (359     764   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to ViaSat, Inc.

   $ 14,811      $ (5,993   $ 32,814      $ (5,930
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

   $ 0.31      $ (0.13   $ 0.70      $ (0.13

Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

   $ 0.31      $ (0.13   $ 0.68      $ (0.13

Shares used in computing basic net income (loss) per share

     47,375        45,935        46,920        45,576   

Shares used in computing diluted net income (loss) per share

     48,439        45,935        48,097        45,576   

Comprehensive income (loss):

    

Net income (loss)

   $ 14,784      $ (5,960   $ 32,455      $ (5,166

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:

    

Unrealized gain (loss) on hedging, net of tax

     16        (94     (24     175   

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax

     (749     247        (1,369     1,321   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax

     (733     153        (1,393     1,496   

Comprehensive income (loss)

     14,051        (5,807     31,062        (3,670
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less: comprehensive (loss) income attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     (27     33        (359     764   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to ViaSat, Inc.

   $ 14,078      $ (5,840   $ 31,421      $ (4,434
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

     Nine Months Ended  
     January 2, 2015     January 3, 2014  
     (In thousands)  

Cash flows from operating activities:

  

Net income (loss)

   $ 32,455      $ (5,166

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     132,555        117,742   

Amortization of intangible assets

     30,857        18,009   

Deferred income taxes

     7,920        (20,693

Stock-based compensation expense

     28,072        24,365   

Loss on disposition of fixed assets

     24,954        24,592   

Other non-cash adjustments

     3,535        4,661   

Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:

    

Accounts receivable

     3,166        (18,688

Inventories

     (2,534     (16,470

Other assets

     (3,276     (7,059

Accounts payable

     1,020        10,801   

Accrued liabilities

     19,169        2,063   

Other liabilities

     (6,460     749   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

  271,433      134,906   

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchase of property, equipment and satellites

  (272,934   (244,863

Cash paid for patents, licenses and other assets

  (37,076   (33,210

Payments related to acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

  (56,545   (2,400
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

  (366,555   (280,473

Cash flows from financing activities:

Proceeds from revolving credit facility borrowings

  320,000      145,000   

Payments of revolving credit facility borrowings

  (190,000   (60,000 )

Payment of debt issuance costs

  —        (2,512

Proceeds from issuance of common stock under equity plans

  21,789      15,776   

Purchase of common stock in treasury related to tax withholdings for stock-based compensation

  (14,382   (14,829

Other

  (2,660   (2,275
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

  134,747      81,160   

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

  (328   31   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

  39,297      (64,376

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

  58,347      105,738   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$ 97,644    $ 41,362   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

Issuance of common stock in satisfaction of certain accrued employee compensation liabilities

$ 10,194    $ 8,018   

Capital expenditures not paid for

$ 8,405    $ 19,697   

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

     ViaSat, Inc. Stockholders     Noncontrolling
Interest in
Subsidiary
    Total  
     Common Stock                   Common Stock Held
in Treasury
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
     
     Number of
Shares
Issued
    Amount      Paid-in
Capital
    Retained
Earnings
          
               Number of
Shares
    Amount        
     (In thousands, except share data)  

Balance at April 4, 2014

     47,419,831      $ 5       $ 776,452      $ 211,600         (1,190,572   $ (49,358   $ 2,313      $ 5,623      $ 946,635   

Exercise of stock options

     673,300        —          14,319        —          —         —         —         —         14,319   

Issuance of stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan

     152,268        —          7,470        —          —         —         —         —         7,470   

Stock-based compensation

     —         —          28,900        —          —         —         —         —         28,900   

Shares issued in settlement of certain accrued employee compensation liabilities

     180,526        —          10,194        —          —         —         —         —         10,194   

RSU awards vesting

     50,021        —          —         —          —         —         —         —         —    

Purchase of treasury shares pursuant to vesting of certain RSU agreements

     —         —          —         —          (14,400     (810     —         —         (810

Retirement of common stock held in treasury

     (1,204,972     —          (50,168     —          1,204,972        50,168        —         —         —    

RSU awards vesting, net of shares withheld for taxes which have been retired

     364,589        —          (13,572 )     —          —         —         —         —         (13,572 )

Net income (loss)

     —         —          —         32,814         —         —         —         (359     32,455   

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     —         —          —         —          —         —         (1,393     —         (1,393
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at January 2, 2015

     47,635,563      $ 5       $ 773,595      $ 244,414         —       $ —       $ 920      $ 5,264      $ 1,024,198   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

Note 1 — Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at January 2, 2015, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 and the condensed consolidated statement of equity for the nine months ended January 2, 2015 have been prepared by the management of ViaSat, Inc. (also referred to hereafter as the Company or ViaSat), and have not been audited. These financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended April 4, 2014 and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s results for the periods presented. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended April 4, 2014 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the full year. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of ViaSat, its wholly owned subsidiaries and TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. (TrellisWare), a majority-owned subsidiary. All significant intercompany amounts have been eliminated.

The Company’s fiscal year is the 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Friday closest to March 31 of the specified year. For example, references to fiscal year 2015 refer to the fiscal year ending on April 3, 2015. The Company’s quarters for fiscal year 2015 end on July 4, 2014, October 3, 2014, January 2, 2015 and April 3, 2015. This results in a 53 week fiscal year approximately every four to five years. Fiscal year 2015 is a 52 week year, compared with a 53 week year in fiscal year 2014. As a result of the shift in the fiscal calendar, the second quarter of fiscal year 2014 included an additional week. The Company does not believe that the extra week results in any material impact on its financial results.

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of NetNearU Corp. (NetNearU), a privately held Delaware corporation (see Note 10). During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of LonoCloud, Inc. (LonoCloud), an early-stage privately held company. These acquisitions were accounted for as purchases and, accordingly, the condensed consolidated financial statements include the operating results of NetNearU and LonoCloud from the dates of acquisition.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the most current and best available information and actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made by management include revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, self-insurance reserves, allowance for doubtful accounts, warranty accruals, valuation of goodwill and other intangible assets, patents, orbital slots and other licenses, software development, property, equipment and satellites, long-lived assets, derivatives, contingencies and income taxes including the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets.

Revenue recognition

A substantial portion of the Company’s revenues is derived from long-term contracts requiring development and delivery of complex equipment built to customer specifications. Sales related to long-term contracts are accounted for under the authoritative guidance for the percentage-of-completion method of accounting (Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 605-35). Sales and earnings under these contracts are recorded either based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to date to total estimated costs expected to be incurred related to the contract, or as products are shipped under the units-of-delivery method. Anticipated losses on contracts are recognized in full in the period in which losses become probable and estimable. Changes in estimates of profit or loss on contracts are included in earnings on a cumulative basis in the period the estimate is changed. During the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, the Company recorded losses of approximately $0.3 million and $1.7 million, respectively, related to loss contracts. During the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, the Company recorded losses of approximately $0.4 million and $2.7 million, respectively, related to loss contracts.

 

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Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

The Company also derives a substantial portion of its revenues from contracts and purchase orders where revenue is recorded on delivery of products or performance of services in accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition (ASC 605). Under this standard, the Company recognizes revenue when an arrangement exists, prices are determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and the goods or services have been delivered.

The Company also enters into certain leasing arrangements with customers and evaluates the contracts in accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases (ASC 840). The Company’s accounting for equipment leases involves specific determinations under the authoritative guidance for leases, which often involve complex provisions and significant judgments. In accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases, the Company classifies the transactions as sales type or operating leases based on: (1) review for transfers of ownership of the equipment to the lessee by the end of the lease term, (2) review of the lease terms to determine if it contains an option to purchase the leased equipment for a price which is sufficiently lower than the expected fair value of the equipment at the date of the option, (3) review of the lease term to determine if it is equal to or greater than 75% of the economic life of the equipment, and (4) review of the present value of the minimum lease payments to determine if they are equal to or greater than 90% of the fair market value of the equipment at the inception of the lease. Additionally, the Company considers the cancelability of the contract and any related uncertainty of collections or risk in recoverability of the lease investment at lease inception. Revenue from sales type leases is recognized at the inception of the lease or when the equipment has been delivered and installed at the customer site, if installation is required. Revenues from equipment rentals under operating leases are recognized as earned over the lease term, which is generally on a straight-line basis.

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition for multiple element arrangements, the Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2009-13 (ASU 2009-13), Revenue Recognition (ASC 605) Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, which updates ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition-Multiple element arrangements, of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) codification, for substantially all of the arrangements with multiple deliverables, the Company allocates revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy at the arrangement inception. The selling price for each element is based upon the following selling price hierarchy: vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE are available (a description as to how the Company determines VSOE, TPE and ESP is provided below). If a tangible hardware systems product includes software, the Company determines whether the tangible hardware systems product and the software work together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and, if so, the entire product is treated as a nonsoftware deliverable. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the nonsoftware deliverables using the relative selling prices of each unit based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. Revenue for each separate unit of accounting is recognized when the applicable revenue recognition criteria for each element have been met.

To determine the selling price in multiple-element arrangements, the Company establishes VSOE of the selling price using the price charged for a deliverable when sold separately. The Company also considers specific renewal rates offered to customers for software license updates, product support and hardware systems support, and other services. For nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements, TPE is established by evaluating similar and/or interchangeable competitor products or services in standalone arrangements with similarly situated customers and/or agreements. If the Company is unable to determine the selling price because VSOE or TPE doesn’t exist, the Company determines ESP for the purposes of allocating the arrangement by reviewing historical transactions, including transactions whereby the deliverable was sold on a standalone basis and considers several other external and internal factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices including discounting, margin objectives, competition, the geographies in which the Company offers its products and services, the type of customer (i.e., distributor, value added reseller, government agency or direct end user, among others), volume commitments and the stage of the product lifecycle. The determination of ESP considers the Company’s pricing model and go-to-market strategy. As the Company, or its competitors’, pricing and go-to-market strategies evolve, the Company may modify its pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes to its determination of VSOE, TPE and ESP. As a result, the Company’s future revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements could differ materially from those in the current period.

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for shipping and handling fees and costs (ASC 605-45), the Company records shipping and handling costs billed to customers as a component of revenues, and shipping and handling costs incurred by the Company for inbound and outbound freight as a component of cost of revenues.

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues represent cash collected from customers in advance of revenue recognition and are recorded in accrued liabilities for obligations within the next twelve months. Amounts for obligations extending beyond twelve months are recorded within other liabilities in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Contract costs on U.S. government contracts are subject to audit and review by the Defense Contracting Management Agency (DCMA), the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), and other U.S. government agencies, as well as negotiations with U.S. government representatives. The Company’s incurred cost audits by the DCAA have not been concluded for fiscal year 2011 and subsequent fiscal years. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2015, the DCAA completed its incurred cost audit for fiscal year 2004 and approved the Company’s incurred cost claims for fiscal years 2005 through 2010 without further audit. Although the

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Company has recorded contract revenues subsequent to fiscal year 2010 based upon an estimate of costs that the Company believes will be approved upon final audit or review, the Company does not know the outcome of any ongoing or future audits or reviews and adjustments, and if future adjustments exceed the Company’s estimates, its profitability would be adversely affected. As of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, the Company had $5.2 million and $6.7 million, respectively, in contract-related reserves for its estimate of potential refunds to customers for potential cost adjustments on several multi-year U.S. government cost reimbursable contracts (see Note 8). The decrease in contract-related reserves, recorded during the second quarter of fiscal year 2015, reflects the conclusion of the DCAA’s incurred cost audit for fiscal year 2004 and the DCAA’s approval of the Company’s incurred cost claims for fiscal years 2005 through 2010.

Advertising costs

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for advertising costs (ASC 720-35), advertising costs are expensed as incurred and included in selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses. Advertising expenses for the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 were $5.7 million and $5.4 million, respectively, and for the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 were $13.0 million and $14.5 million, respectively.

Commissions

The Company compensates third parties based on specific commission programs directly related to certain product and service sales, and these commissions costs are expensed as incurred.

Property, equipment and satellites

Satellites and other property and equipment are recorded at cost or, in the case of certain satellites and other property acquired, the fair value at the date of acquisition, net of accumulated depreciation. Capitalized satellite costs consist primarily of the costs of satellite construction and launch, including launch insurance and insurance during the period of in-orbit testing, the net present value of performance incentives expected to be payable to satellite manufacturers (dependent on the continued satisfactory performance of the satellites), costs directly associated with the monitoring and support of satellite construction, and interest costs incurred during the period of satellite construction. The Company also constructs gateway facilities, network operations systems and other assets to support its satellites, and those construction costs, including interest, are capitalized as incurred. At the time satellites are placed in service, the Company estimates the useful life of its satellites for depreciation purposes based upon an analysis of each satellite’s performance against the original manufacturer’s orbital design life, estimated fuel levels and related consumption rates, as well as historical satellite operating trends. The Company computes depreciation using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets ranging from two to twenty-four years. Leasehold improvements are capitalized and amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the lease term or the life of the improvement. Costs incurred for additions to property, equipment and satellites, together with major renewals and betterments, are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining life of the underlying asset. Costs incurred for maintenance, repairs and minor renewals and betterments are charged to expense as incurred. When assets are sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in operations, which for the periods presented, primarily relates to losses incurred for unreturned customer premise equipment (CPE).

Interest expense is capitalized on the carrying value of assets under construction, in accordance with the authoritative guidance for the capitalization of interest (ASC 835-20). With respect to assets under construction, including the ViaSat-2 satellite which commenced construction during the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, the Company capitalized $4.1 million and $2.5 million of interest expense for the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively, and capitalized $10.8 million and $5.4 million of interest expense for the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively.

The Company owns two satellites: ViaSat-1 (its first high-capacity Ka-band spot-beam satellite, which was placed into service in January 2012) and WildBlue-1 (which was placed into service in March 2007). In May 2013, the Company entered into a satellite construction contract for ViaSat-2, its second high-capacity Ka-band satellite. In addition, the Company has an exclusive prepaid lifetime capital lease of Ka-band capacity over the contiguous United States on Telesat Canada’s Anik F2 satellite (which was placed into service in April 2005) and owns related gateway and networking equipment for all of its satellites. The Company periodically reviews the remaining estimated useful life of its satellites to determine if revisions to estimated lives are necessary. The Company procures indoor and outdoor CPE units leased to subscribers under a retail leasing program as part of the Company’s satellite services segment, which are reflected in investing activities and property and equipment in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company depreciates the satellites, gateway and networking equipment, CPE units and related installation costs over their estimated useful lives. The total cost and accumulated depreciation of CPE units included in property and equipment, net, as of January 2, 2015 were $238.1 million and $99.8 million, respectively. The total cost and accumulated depreciation of CPE units included in property and equipment, net, as of April 4, 2014 were $221.0 million and $79.8 million, respectively.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Occasionally, the Company may enter into capital lease arrangements for various machinery, equipment, computer-related equipment, software, furniture or fixtures. The Company records amortization of assets leased under capital lease arrangements within depreciation expense.

Patents, orbital slots and other licenses

The Company capitalizes the costs of obtaining or acquiring patents, orbital slots and other licenses. Amortization of intangible assets that have finite lives is provided for by the straight-line method over the shorter of the legal or estimated economic life. Total capitalized costs of $3.2 million related to patents were included in other assets as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014. The Company had capitalized costs of $15.0 million and $13.5 million related to acquiring and obtaining orbital slots and other licenses included in other assets as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, respectively. Accumulated amortization related to these assets was approximately $1.3 million and $1.0 million as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, respectively. Amortization expense related to these assets was an insignificant amount and $0.3 million for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively. Amortization expense related to these assets was an insignificant amount for the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014. If a patent, orbital slot or orbital license is rejected, abandoned or otherwise invalidated, the unamortized cost is expensed in that period. During the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, the Company did not write off any significant costs due to abandonment or impairment.

Debt issuance costs

Debt issuance costs are amortized and recognized as interest expense on a straight-line basis over the expected term of the related debt, the results of which are not materially different from the effective interest rate basis. Unamortized debt issuance costs related to extinguished debt are expensed at the time the debt is extinguished and recorded in loss on extinguishment of debt in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Other unamortized debt issuance costs are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets and in other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets, depending on the amounts expected to be amortized to interest expense within the next twelve months.

Software development

Costs of developing software for sale are charged to research and development expense when incurred, until technological feasibility has been established. Software development costs incurred from the time technological feasibility is reached until the product is available for general release to customers are capitalized and reported at the lower of unamortized cost or net realizable value. Once the product is available for general release, the software development costs are amortized based on the ratio of current to future revenue for each product with an annual minimum equal to straight-line amortization over the remaining estimated economic life of the product, generally within five years. Capitalized costs, net, of $109.6 million and $91.0 million related to software developed for resale were included in other assets as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, respectively. The Company capitalized $13.1 million and $35.8 million of costs related to software developed for resale for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively. The Company capitalized $11.4 million and $28.3 million of costs related to software developed for resale for the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014, respectively. Amortization expense for software development costs was $7.6 million and $17.2 million for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively, and $2.3 million and $6.9 million for the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014, respectively.

Self-insurance liabilities

The Company has self-insurance plans to retain a portion of the exposure for losses related to employee medical benefits and workers’ compensation. The self-insurance plans include policies which provide for both specific and aggregate stop-loss limits. The Company utilizes internal actuarial methods as well as other historical information for the purpose of estimating ultimate costs for a particular plan year. Based on these actuarial methods, along with currently available information and insurance industry statistics, the Company has recorded self-insurance liability for its plans of $3.7 million and $3.5 million as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, respectively. The Company’s estimate, which is subject to inherent variability, is based on average claims experience in the Company’s industry and its own experience in terms of frequency and severity of claims, including asserted and unasserted claims incurred but not reported, with no explicit provision for adverse fluctuation from year to year. This variability may lead to ultimate payments being either greater or less than the amounts presented above. Self-insurance liabilities have been classified as a current liability in accrued liabilities in accordance with the estimated timing of the projected payments.

Indemnification provisions

In the ordinary course of business, the Company includes indemnification provisions in certain of its contracts, generally relating to parties with which the Company has commercial relations. Pursuant to these agreements, the Company will indemnify, hold harmless and agree to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party, including but not limited to losses relating to third-party intellectual property claims. To date, there have not been any material costs incurred in

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

connection with such indemnification clauses. The Company’s insurance policies do not necessarily cover the cost of defending indemnification claims or providing indemnification, so if a claim was filed against the Company by any party that the Company has agreed to indemnify, the Company could incur substantial legal costs and damages. A claim would be accrued when a loss is considered probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. At January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, no such amounts were accrued related to the aforementioned provisions.

Noncontrolling interest

A noncontrolling interest represents the equity interest in a subsidiary that is not attributable, either directly or indirectly, to the Company and is reported as equity of the Company, separately from the Company’s controlling interest. Revenues, expenses, gains, losses, net income (loss) and other comprehensive income (loss) are reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements at the consolidated amounts, which include the amounts attributable to both the controlling and noncontrolling interest.

Common stock held in treasury

During the first nine months of fiscal years 2015 and 2014, the Company issued 629,896 and 620,875 shares of common stock, respectively, based on the vesting terms of certain restricted stock unit agreements. In order for employees to satisfy minimum statutory employee tax withholding requirements related to the issuance of common stock underlying these restricted stock unit agreements, the Company repurchased 229,686 and 230,316 shares of common stock with a total value of $14.4 million and $14.8 million during the first nine months of fiscal years 2015 and 2014, respectively.

During the first nine months of fiscal year 2015, the Company retired 1,420,258 shares of treasury stock with a total value of $63.7 million. These shares remain as authorized stock; however they are now considered to be unissued. This treasury stock retirement resulted in a decrease in common stock held in treasury and in paid-in capital of $63.7 million in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. The retirement of treasury stock had no impact on the Company’s total consolidated stockholders’ equity.

As of April 4, 2014 and January 2, 2015, the Company had 1,190,572 shares and no shares of common stock held in treasury, respectively. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2015, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the retirement of all shares of treasury stock and, with respect to the future issuance of shares of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, approved the immediate retirement of shares withheld for employee withholding taxes. Although shares withheld for employee withholding taxes are not issued, they are treated as common stock repurchases for accounting purposes, as they reduce the number of shares that otherwise would have been issued upon vesting of the restricted stock units.

Derivatives

The Company enters into foreign currency forward and option contracts from time to time to hedge certain forecasted foreign currency transactions. Gains and losses arising from foreign currency forward and option contracts not designated as hedging instruments are recorded in other income (expense) as gains (losses) on derivative instruments. Gains and losses arising from the effective portion of foreign currency forward and option contracts which are designated as cash-flow hedging instruments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as unrealized gains (losses) on derivative instruments until the underlying transaction affects the Company’s earnings, at which time they are then recorded in the same income statement line as the underlying transaction.

During the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, the Company settled certain foreign exchange contracts and in connection therewith recognized a loss of $0.1 million recorded in cost of revenues based on the nature of the underlying transactions. During the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014, the Company recognized an immaterial gain and loss, respectively, related to the settlement of certain foreign exchange contracts recorded in cost of revenues based on the nature of the underlying transactions. The Company had no foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of January 2, 2015. The fair value of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts was an other current asset of less than $0.1 million as of April 4, 2014. The notional value of foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of April 4, 2014 was $3.3 million.

There were no gains or losses from ineffectiveness of these derivative instruments recorded for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014.

Stock-based compensation

        In accordance with the authoritative guidance for share-based payments (ASC 718), the Company measures stock-based compensation cost at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and recognizes expense on a straight-line basis over the employee’s requisite service period. Stock-based compensation expense is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 only for those awards ultimately expected to vest, with forfeitures estimated at the date of grant. The authoritative guidance for share-based payments requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company recognized $10.1 million and $28.1 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively. The Company recognized $8.7 million and $24.4 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014, respectively.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

For the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, the Company recorded no incremental tax benefits from stock options exercised and restricted stock unit awards vesting as the excess tax benefit from stock options exercised and restricted stock unit awards vesting increased the Company’s net operating loss carryforward.

Income taxes

Accruals for uncertain tax positions are provided for in accordance with the authoritative guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes (ASC 740). The Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The authoritative guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes also provides guidance on derecognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and income tax disclosures. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest expense and penalties related to income tax matters as a component of income tax expense.

A deferred income tax asset or liability is established for the expected future tax consequences resulting from differences in the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax credit and loss carryforwards. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The Company’s analysis of the need for a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets considered the losses incurred during the fiscal years ended April 4, 2014 and March 29, 2013 and the income generated during the nine months ended January 2, 2015. In fiscal year 2013, the Company recorded a significant loss, a substantial portion of which resulted from an extinguishment of debt charge that was recorded upon the refinancing of the Company’s former 8.875% Senior Notes due 2016 (2016 Notes) with the proceeds from the issuance of additional 6.875% Senior Notes due 2020 (2020 Notes), which provides a benefit to net income due to the lower interest rate of the 2020 Notes. The loss from fiscal year 2014 was less significant and a substantial portion of that loss related to legal expense focused on protecting and extending the Company’s technology advantages in the litigation against Space Systems/Loral, Inc. (SS/L) and its former parent company Loral Space & Communications, Inc. (Loral), which was resolved in the Company’s favor during the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 (see Note 8). In addition to these events, the Company’s evaluation considered other factors, including the Company’s contractual backlog, the Company’s history of positive earnings, current earnings trends assuming the Company’s satellite subscriber base continues to grow, taxable income adjusted for certain items, and forecasted income by jurisdiction. The Company also considered the lengthy period over which these net deferred tax assets can be realized and the Company’s history of not having federal tax loss carryforwards expire unused.

Recent authoritative guidance

In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05, Foreign Currency Matters (ASC 830): Parent’s Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity. ASU 2013-05 clarifies that the cumulative translation adjustment should be released into net income only when a reporting entity ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or a business within a foreign entity. Further, for an equity method investment that is a foreign entity, a pro rata portion of the cumulative translation adjustment should be released into net income upon a partial sale of such an equity method investment. These amendments are to be applied prospectively to derecognition events occurring after the effective date. This guidance became effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 and the authoritative guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Income Taxes (ASC 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists . ASU 2013-11 requires the netting of unrecognized tax benefits against available deferred tax assets for losses and other carryforward benefits that would be available to offset the liability for uncertain tax positions rather than presenting the unrecognized tax benefits on a gross basis. This guidance became effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 and the authoritative guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements and Property, Plant, and Equipment: Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity. ASU 2014-08 limits the requirement to report discontinued operations to disposals of components of an entity that represent strategic shifts that have (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The amendments also require expanded disclosures concerning discontinued operations and disclosures of certain financial results attributable to a disposal of a significant component of an entity that does not qualify for discontinued operations reporting. These amendments will become effective prospectively for the Company beginning in fiscal year 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to a customer. This guidance will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance and will be effective for the Company beginning in fiscal year 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early application is not permitted, but the guidance permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company has not selected a transition method and the Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-17, Business Combinations (ASC 805): Pushdown Accounting. ASU 2014-17 provides companies with the option to apply pushdown accounting in their separate financial statements upon occurrence of an event in which an acquirer obtains control of the acquired entity. The election to apply pushdown accounting can be made either in the period in which the change of control occurred, or in a subsequent period. This guidance became effective for the Company in November 2014 and the authoritative guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

Note 2 — Composition of Certain Balance Sheet Captions

 

     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In thousands)  

Accounts receivable, net:

  

Billed

   $ 119,555       $ 129,794   

Unbilled

     149,478         143,651   

Allowance for doubtful accounts

     (931      (1,554
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 268,102    $ 271,891   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Inventories:

Raw materials

$ 46,349    $ 42,786   

Work in process

  21,461      22,279   

Finished goods

  61,377      54,536   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 129,187    $ 119,601   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets:

Prepaid expenses

$ 39,160    $ 41,341   

Other

  4,357      2,729   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 43,517    $ 44,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Satellites, net:

Satellite — WildBlue-1 (estimated useful life of 10 years)

$ 195,890    $ 195,890   

Capital lease of satellite capacity — Anik F2 (estimated useful life of 10 years)

  99,090      99,090   

Satellite — ViaSat-1 (estimated useful life of 17 years)

  363,204      363,204   

Satellite — ViaSat-2 (under construction)

  283,836      146,610   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
  942,020      804,794   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

  (212,105   (173,958
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 729,915    $ 630,836   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net:

Equipment and software (estimated useful life of 2-7 years)

$ 496,145    $ 452,197   

CPE leased equipment (estimated useful life of 4-5 years)

  238,062      221,017   

Furniture and fixtures (estimated useful life of 7 years)

  19,987      18,773   

Leasehold improvements (estimated useful life of 2-17 years)

  66,814      62,159   

Building (estimated useful life of 24 years)

  8,923      8,923   

Land

  1,621      1,621   

Construction in progress

  13,938      17,062   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
  845,490      781,752   

Less accumulated depreciation

  (431,638   (360,086
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 413,852    $ 421,666   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In thousands)  

Other acquired intangible assets, net:

  

Technology (weighted average useful life of 6 years)

   $ 67,279       $ 57,084   

Contracts and customer relationships (weighted average useful life of 8 years)

     99,649         88,853   

Satellite co-location rights (weighted average useful life of 9 years)

     8,600         8,600   

Trade name (weighted average useful life of 3 years)

     5,940         5,680   

Other (weighted average useful life of 7 years)

     8,727         6,320   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
  190,195      166,537   

Less accumulated amortization

  (143,666   (131,140
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 46,529    $ 35,397   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other assets:

Capitalized software costs, net

$ 109,581    $ 91,022   

Patents, orbital slots and other licenses, net

  16,900      15,700   

Deferred income taxes

  98,584      110,711   

Other

  43,542      39,535   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 268,607    $ 256,968   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accrued liabilities:

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues

$ 98,818    $ 69,127   

Accrued employee compensation

  27,379      23,954   

Accrued vacation

  23,451      22,550   

Warranty reserve, current portion

  9,355      9,368   

Current portion of other long-term debt

  1,066      1,856   

Other

  26,934      49,119   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 187,003    $ 175,974   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other liabilities:

Deferred revenue, long-term portion

$ 5,765    $ 10,097   

Deferred rent, long-term portion

  8,006      9,758   

Warranty reserve, long-term portion

  6,621      7,655   

Deferred income taxes, long-term portion

  333      816   

Satellite performance incentives obligation, long-term portion

  20,250      20,567   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
$ 40,975    $ 48,893   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 3 — Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (ASC 820), the Company prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value from market-based assumptions to entity specific assumptions:

 

    Level 1 —  Inputs based on quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets at the measurement date.

 

    Level 2 —  Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

    Level 3 —  Inputs which reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. The inputs are unobservable in the market and significant to the instruments valuation.

The following tables present the Company’s hierarchy for its assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014:

 

     Fair Value as of
January 2, 2015
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     (In thousands)  

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

   $ 2,032       $ 2,032       $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis

$ 2,032    $ 2,032    $ —     $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Fair Value as of
April 4, 2014
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     (In thousands)  

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

   $ 2,087       $ 2,087       $ —        $ —    

Foreign currency forward contracts

     40         —          40         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis

$ 2,127    $ 2,087    $ 40    $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following section describes the valuation methodologies the Company uses to measure financial instruments at fair value:

Cash equivalents —  The Company’s cash equivalents consist of money market funds. Money market funds are valued using quoted prices for identical assets in an active market with sufficient volume and frequency of transactions (Level 1).

Foreign currency forward contracts — The Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage foreign currency risk relating to foreign exchange rates. The Company does not use these instruments for speculative or trading purposes. The Company’s objective is to reduce the risk to earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Derivative instruments are recognized as either assets or liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and are measured at fair value. Gains and losses resulting from changes in the fair values of those derivative instruments are recorded to earnings or other comprehensive income (loss) depending on the use of the derivative instrument and whether it qualifies for hedge accounting. The Company’s foreign currency forward contracts are valued using standard calculations/models that are primarily based on observable inputs, such as foreign currency exchange rates, or can be corroborated by observable market data (Level 2).

Long-term debt — The Company’s long-term debt consists of borrowings under its revolving credit facility (the Credit Facility), reported at the outstanding principal amount of borrowings, and $575.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2020 Notes reported at amortized cost. However, for disclosure purposes, the Company is required to measure the fair value of outstanding debt on a recurring basis. As of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, the fair value of the Company’s outstanding long-term debt related to the 2020 Notes was determined using quoted prices in active markets (Level 1) and was approximately $598.0 million and $616.7 million, respectively. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt related to the Credit Facility approximates its carrying amount due to the variable interest rate on the revolving line of credit, which approximates a market interest rate.

Satellite performance incentives obligation — The Company’s contract with the manufacturer of ViaSat-1 requires the Company to make monthly in-orbit satellite performance incentive payments, including interest at 7.0%, over a fifteen-year period from December 2011 to December 2026, subject to the continued satisfactory performance of the satellite. The Company recorded the net present value of these expected future payments as a liability and as a component of the cost of the satellite. However, for disclosure purposes, the Company is required to measure the fair value of outstanding satellite performance incentives on a recurring basis. The fair value of the Company’s outstanding satellite performance incentives is estimated to approximate their carrying value based on current rates (Level 2). As of each of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, the Company’s estimated satellite performance incentives obligation and accrued interest was $22.5 million and $22.6 million, respectively.

Note 4 — Shares Used In Computing Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Share

 

     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended  
     January 2, 2015      January 3, 2014      January 2, 2015      January 3, 2014  
     (In thousands)  

Weighted average:

           

Common shares outstanding used in calculating basic net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

     47,375         45,935         46,920         45,576   

Options to purchase common stock as determined by application of the treasury stock method

     426         —           518         —     

Restricted stock units to acquire common stock as determined by application of the treasury stock method

     503         —           521         —     

Potentially issuable shares in connection with certain terms of the ViaSat 401(k) Profit Sharing Plan and Employee Stock Purchase Plan equivalents

     135         —           138         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Shares used in computing diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

  48,439      45,935      48,097      45,576   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Antidilutive shares relating to stock options excluded from the calculation comprised 508,799 and 379,968 shares for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively.

Antidilutive shares relating to restricted stock units excluded from the calculation comprised 385,817 and 128,589 for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively.

The weighted average number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders is the same for both the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014, as the Company incurred a net loss attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders for the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014 and inclusion of common share equivalents would be antidilutive. Common share equivalents excluded from the calculation for the three months ended January 3, 2014 were 947,362 shares relating to stock options, 585,543 shares relating to restricted stock units and 112,493 shares relating to certain terms of the amended ViaSat 401(k) Profit Sharing Plan and Employee Stock Purchase Plan. Common share equivalents excluded from the calculation for the nine months ended January 3, 2014 were 878,116 shares relating to stock options, 625,587 shares relating to restricted stock units and 136,767 shares relating to certain terms of the amended ViaSat 401(k) Profit Sharing Plan and Employee Stock Purchase Plan.

Note 5 — Goodwill and Acquired Intangible Assets

During the first nine months of fiscal year 2015, the Company’s goodwill increased by approximately $33.6 million, of which $34.3 million was related to the acquisition of NetNearU recorded within the Company’s government systems segment, partially offset by the effect of foreign currency translation recorded within the Company’s government systems and commercial networks segments.

Other acquired intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives of two to ten years, which is not materially different from the economic benefit method. Amortization expense related to other acquired intangible assets was $4.7 million and $3.7 million for the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively, and $13.3 million and $10.9 million for the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively.

The expected amortization expense of amortizable acquired intangible assets may change due to the effects of foreign currency fluctuations as a result of international businesses acquired. Current and expected amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for each of the following periods is as follows:

 

     Amortization  
     (In thousands)  

For the nine months ended January 2, 2015

   $ 13,338   

Expected for the remainder of fiscal year 2015

   $ 4,642   

Expected for fiscal year 2016

     15,019   

Expected for fiscal year 2017

     7,699   

Expected for fiscal year 2018

     6,365   

Expected for fiscal year 2019

     3,869   

Thereafter

     8,935   
  

 

 

 
$ 46,529   
  

 

 

 

Note 6 — Senior Notes and Other Long-Term Debt

Total long-term debt consisted of the following as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014:

 

     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In thousands)  

Senior Notes

     

2020 Notes

   $ 575,000       $ 575,000   

Unamortized premium on the 2020 Notes

     7,965         8,861   

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In thousands)  

Total senior notes, net of premium

     582,965         583,861   

Less: current portion of the senior notes

     —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total senior notes long-term, net

  582,965      583,861   

Other Long-Term Debt

Revolving credit facility

  235,000      105,000   

Other

  1,919      2,756   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other long-term debt

  236,919      107,756   

Less: current portion of other long-term debt

  1,066      1,856   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other long-term debt, net

  235,853      105,900   

Total debt

  819,884      691,617   

Less: current portion

  1,066      1,856   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

$ 818,818    $ 689,761   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Credit Facility

As of January 2, 2015, the Company’s Credit Facility provided a $500.0 million revolving line of credit (including up to $150.0 million of letters of credit), with a maturity date of November 26, 2018. Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest, at the Company’s option, at either (1) the highest of the Federal Funds rate plus 0.50%, the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, or the administrative agent’s prime rate as announced from time to time, or (2) the Eurodollar rate, plus, in the case of each of (1) and (2), an applicable margin that is based on the Company’s total leverage ratio. At January 2, 2015, the weighted average effective interest rate on the Company’s outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.17%. The Company has capitalized certain amounts of interest expense on the Credit Facility in connection with the construction of various assets during the construction period. The Credit Facility is required to be guaranteed by certain significant domestic subsidiaries of the Company (as defined in the Credit Facility) and secured by substantially all of the Company’s and any such subsidiaries’ assets. As of January 2, 2015, none of the Company’s subsidiaries guaranteed the Credit Facility.

The Credit Facility contains financial covenants regarding a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. In addition, the Credit Facility contains covenants that restrict, among other things, the Company’s ability to sell assets, make investments and acquisitions, make capital expenditures, grant liens, pay dividends and make certain other restricted payments.

The Company was in compliance with its financial covenants under the Credit Facility as of January 2, 2015. At January 2, 2015, the Company had $235.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility and $40.5 million outstanding under standby letters of credit, leaving borrowing availability under the Credit Facility as of January 2, 2015 of $224.5 million.

Senior Notes due 2020

In February 2012, the Company issued $275.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers, which were exchanged in August 2012 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). These initial 2020 Notes were issued at face value and are recorded as long-term debt in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. On October 12, 2012, the Company issued an additional $300.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers at an issue price of 103.50% of the principal amount, which were exchanged in January 2013 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. The 2020 Notes are all treated as a single class. The 2020 Notes bear interest at the rate of 6.875% per year, payable semi-annually in cash in arrears, which interest payments commenced in June 2012. Debt issuance costs associated with the issuance of the 2020 Notes are amortized to interest expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the 2020 Notes, the results of which are not materially different from the effective interest rate basis. The $10.5 million premium the Company received in connection with the issuance of the additional 2020 Notes is recorded as long-term debt in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and is being amortized as a reduction to interest expense on an effective interest rate basis over the term of those 2020 Notes.

The 2020 Notes are required to be guaranteed on an unsecured senior basis by each of the Company’s existing and future subsidiaries that guarantees the Credit Facility. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, the last remaining subsidiary guarantor, ViaSat Communications, Inc., was merged into the Company. Accordingly, as of January 2, 2015, none of the Company’s subsidiaries guaranteed the 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes are the Company’s general senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of the Company’s existing and future unsecured unsubordinated debt. The 2020 Notes are effectively junior in right of payment to the Company’s existing and future secured debt, including under the Credit Facility (to the extent of the value of the

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

assets securing such debt), are structurally subordinated to all existing and future liabilities (including trade payables) of the Company’s subsidiaries that do not guarantee the 2020 Notes, and are senior in right of payment to all of their existing and future subordinated indebtedness.

The indenture governing the 2020 Notes limits, among other things, the Company’s and its restricted subsidiaries’ ability to: incur, assume or guarantee additional debt; issue redeemable stock and preferred stock; pay dividends, make distributions or redeem or repurchase capital stock; prepay, redeem or repurchase subordinated debt; make loans and investments; grant or incur liens; restrict dividends, loans or asset transfers from restricted subsidiaries; sell or otherwise dispose of assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; reduce the Company’s satellite insurance; and consolidate or merge with, or sell substantially all of their assets to, another person.

Prior to June 15, 2015, the Company may redeem up to 35% of the 2020 Notes at a redemption price of 106.875% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date, from the net cash proceeds of specified equity offerings. The Company may also redeem the 2020 Notes prior to June 15, 2016, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof plus the applicable premium and any accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date. The applicable premium is calculated as the greater of: (i) 1.0% of the principal amount of such 2020 Notes and (ii) the excess, if any, of (a) the present value at such date of redemption of (1) the redemption price of such 2020 Notes on June 15, 2016 plus (2) all required interest payments due on such 2020 Notes through June 15, 2016 (excluding accrued but unpaid interest to the date of redemption), computed using a discount rate equal to the treasury rate (as defined under the indenture) plus 50 basis points, over (b) the then-outstanding principal amount of such 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at any time during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2016 at a redemption price of 103.438%, during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2017 at a redemption price of 101.719%, and at any time on or after June 15, 2018 at a redemption price of 100%, in each case plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date.

In the event a change of control occurs (as defined in the indenture), each holder will have the right to require the Company to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s 2020 Notes at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2020 Notes repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of purchase (subject to the right of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

Note 7 — Product Warranty

The Company provides limited warranties on its products for periods of up to five years. The Company records a liability for its warranty obligations when products are shipped or they are included in long-term construction contracts based upon an estimate of expected warranty costs. Amounts expected to be incurred within twelve months are classified as accrued liabilities and amounts expected to be incurred beyond twelve months are classified as other liabilities in the condensed consolidated financial statement. For mature products, the warranty cost estimates are based on historical experience with the particular product. For newer products that do not have a history of warranty costs, the Company bases its estimates on its experience with the technology involved and the types of failures that may occur. It is possible that the Company’s underlying assumptions will not reflect the actual experience and in that case, future adjustments will be made to the recorded warranty obligation. The following table reflects the change in the Company’s warranty accrual during the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014:

 

     Nine Months Ended  
     January 2, 2015      January 3, 2014  
     (In thousands)  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 17,023       $ 14,107   

Change in liability for warranties issued in period

     4,512         8,184   

Settlements made (in cash or in kind) during the period

     (5,559      (4,987
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

$ 15,976    $ 17,304   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 8 — Commitments and Contingencies

In May 2013, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase ViaSat-2, the Company’s second high-capacity Ka-band satellite, from The Boeing Company (Boeing) at a price of approximately $358.0 million, plus an additional amount for launch support services to be performed by Boeing.

From time to time, the Company is involved in a variety of claims, suits, investigations and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims, breach of contract claims, labor and employment claims, tax and other matters. Although claims, suits, investigations and proceedings are inherently uncertain and their results cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company believes that the resolution of its current pending matters will not have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

The Company has contracts with various U.S. government agencies. Accordingly, the Company is routinely subject to audit and review by the DCMA, the DCAA and other U.S. government agencies of its performance on government contracts, indirect rates and pricing practices, accounting and management internal control business systems, and compliance with applicable contracting and procurement laws, regulations and standards. An adverse outcome to a review or audit or other failure to comply with applicable contracting and procurement laws, regulations and standards could result in material civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions being imposed on the Company, which may include termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, triggering of price reduction clauses, suspension of payments, significant customer refunds, fines and suspension, or a prohibition on doing business with U.S. government agencies. In addition, if the Company fails to obtain an “adequate” determination of its various accounting and management internal control business systems from applicable U.S. government agencies or if allegations of impropriety are made against it, the Company could suffer serious harm to its business or its reputation, including its ability to bid on new contracts or receive contract renewals and its competitive position in the bidding process. The Company’s incurred cost audits by the DCAA have not been concluded for fiscal year 2011 and subsequent fiscal years. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2015, the DCAA completed its incurred cost audit for fiscal year 2004 and approved the Company’s incurred cost claims for fiscal years 2005 through 2010 without further audit. Although the Company has recorded contract revenues subsequent to fiscal year 2010 based upon an estimate of costs that the Company believes will be approved upon final audit or review, the Company does not know the outcome of any ongoing or future audits or reviews and adjustments, and if future adjustments exceed the Company’s estimates, its profitability would be adversely affected. As of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, the Company had $5.2 million and $6.7 million, respectively, in contract-related reserves for its estimate of potential refunds to customers for potential cost adjustments on several multi-year U.S. government cost reimbursable contracts. This reserve is classified as either an element of accrued liabilities or as a reduction of unbilled accounts receivable based on status of the related contracts. The decrease in contract-related reserves reflects the conclusion of the DCAA’s incurred cost audit for fiscal year 2004 and the DCAA’s approval of the Company’s incurred cost claims for fiscal years 2005 through 2010.

Certain Matters Resolved During the First Nine Months of Fiscal Year 2015

On September 5, 2014, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with SS/L and Loral (the Settlement Agreement), pursuant to which SS/L and Loral are required to pay the Company a total of $108.7 million, inclusive of interest, over a two and a half year period from the date of settlement. In exchange, the Company dismissed both lawsuits against SS/L and Loral. The parties further agreed not to sue each other with respect to the patents and intellectual property that were the subject of the lawsuits and, for a period of two years, not to sue each other or each other’s customers for any intellectual property claims.

The Company accounted for the amounts payable by SS/L and Loral under the Settlement Agreement as a multiple-element arrangement and allocated the total consideration to the identifiable elements based upon their fair value. The consideration assigned to each element was as follows:

 

     (In thousands)  

Implied license

   $ 85,132   

Other damages

     18,714   

Interest income

     4,866   
  

 

 

 
$ 108,712   
  

 

 

 

During the third quarter of fiscal year 2015, the Company recorded $6.9 million with respect to amounts realized under the Settlement Agreement during the quarter, of which $6.0 million was recognized as product revenues in the Company’s satellite services segment and $0.9 million was recognized as interest income in the condensed consolidated financial statements. During the first nine months of fiscal year 2015, the Company recorded $46.9 million with respect to amounts realized under the Settlement Agreement, of which $27.0 million was recognized as product revenues and $18.7 million was recognized as a reduction to SG&A expenses in the Company’s satellite services segment, and $1.2 million was recognized as interest income in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The remaining payments under the Settlement Agreement will be recognized in future periods when realized, and will be recorded as product revenues in the satellite services segment and interest income.

Note 9 — Income Taxes

The Company currently estimates its annual effective income tax expense rate to be approximately 21.2% for fiscal year 2015. The estimated effective tax rate is different from the expected statutory rate primarily due to federal research and development tax credits recorded as a result of the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014 enacted on December 19, 2014, which extended the research and development credit from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. In the first two quarters of fiscal year 2015, the Company’s

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

estimated annual effective income tax rate did not include the effect of the extension of the research and development tax credit, which resulted in an adjustment of approximately $5.9 million in tax benefits in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. Also as a result of the extension of the research and development tax credit, approximately $2.4 million of research and development credit generated in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 was recognized as a discrete tax benefit in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. If the federal research and development tax credit is reinstated through the end of fiscal year 2015, the Company may have a lower annual effective income tax expense rate for fiscal year 2015, and the amount of any such decrease will depend on the effective date of any such reinstatement, the terms of the reinstatement, as well as the amount of eligible research and development expenses in the reinstated period.

Future realization of the existing deferred tax asset ultimately depends on future profitability and the existence of sufficient taxable income of appropriate character (for example, ordinary income versus capital gains) within the carryforward period available under tax law. In the event that the Company’s estimate of taxable income is less than that required to utilize the full amount of any deferred tax asset, a valuation allowance is established which would cause a decrease to income in the period such determination is made. The Company’s analysis of the need for a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets considered the losses incurred during the fiscal years ended April 4, 2014 and March 29, 2013 and the income generated during the nine months ended January 2, 2015. In fiscal year 2013, the Company recorded a significant loss, a substantial portion of which resulted from an extinguishment of debt charge that was recorded upon the refinancing of the Company’s former 2016 Notes with the proceeds from the issuance of additional 2020 Notes, which provides a benefit to net income due to the lower interest rate of the 2020 Notes. The loss from fiscal year 2014 was less significant and a substantial portion of that loss related to legal expense focused on protecting and extending our technology advantages in the litigation against SS/L and its former parent company Loral, which was resolved in the Company’s favor during the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 (see Note 8). In addition to these events, the Company’s evaluation considered other factors, including the Company’s contractual backlog, the Company’s history of positive earnings, current earnings trends assuming the Company’s satellite subscriber base continues to grow, taxable income adjusted for certain items, and forecasted income by jurisdiction. The Company also considered the lengthy period over which these net deferred tax assets can be realized and the Company’s history of not having federal tax loss carryforwards expire unused. The Company will continue to evaluate the ability to realize its deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis to determine if the weight of available evidence suggests that an additional valuation allowance is needed.

For the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, the Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefits increased by $2.3 million and $3.8 million, respectively. In the next twelve months it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will not change significantly.

Note 10 — Acquisition

On June 6, 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of all outstanding shares of NetNearU. The purchase price for NetNearU is estimated to be approximately $59.9 million in cash consideration (subject to certain minor working capital post-closing adjustments). The preliminary net cash outlay for the acquisition, after taking into account estimated cash acquired of $4.1 million, was approximately $55.8 million.

The Company accounts for business combinations pursuant to the authoritative guidance for business combinations (ASC 805). Accordingly, the Company allocated the purchase price of the acquired company to the net tangible assets and intangible assets acquired based upon their estimated fair values. Under the authoritative guidance for business combinations, acquisition-related transaction costs and acquisition-related restructuring charges are not included as components of consideration transferred but are accounted for as expenses in the period in which the costs are incurred. Merger-related transaction costs incurred by the Company during the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 were approximately $0.4 million, which were recorded in SG&A expenses.

The preliminary estimated purchase price allocation of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities based on the estimated fair values as of June 6, 2014 is as follows:

 

     (In thousands)  

Current assets

   $ 8,482   

Property and equipment

     1,087   

Identifiable intangible assets

     24,310   

Goodwill

     34,330   
  

 

 

 

Total assets acquired

  68,209   

Current liabilities

  (5,305

Other long-term liabilities

  (2,981
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities assumed

  (8,286
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price

$ 59,923   
  

 

 

 

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Amounts assigned to identifiable intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives and are as follows:

 

     Fair value
(In thousands)
     Estimated
weighted
average
life
 

Technology

   $ 10,970         7   

Customer relationships

     10,950         9   

Non-compete agreements

     2,130         2   

Trade name

     260         2   
  

 

 

    

Total identifiable intangible assets

$ 24,310      8   
  

 

 

    

The intangible assets acquired in the NetNearU business combination were determined, in accordance with the authoritative guidance for business combinations, based on the estimated fair values using valuation techniques consistent with the market approach and/or income approach to measure fair value. The remaining useful lives were estimated based on the underlying agreements and/or the future economic benefit expected to be received from the assets.

NetNearU has developed a comprehensive network management system for WiFi and other Internet access networks that the Company expects to use to extend the Company’s Exede ® broadband services to a wider subscriber base in multiple markets, including commercial airlines, live events, hospitality, enterprise networking and government broadband projects. NetNearU’s primary operations currently support government applications with the potential for future expansion into commercial applications. These current benefits and additional opportunities were among the factors that were taken into account in setting the purchase price and contributed to the recognition of preliminary estimated goodwill, which was recorded within the Company’s government systems segment. The intangible assets and goodwill recognized are not deductible for federal income tax purposes.

The consolidated financial statements include the operating results of NetNearU from the date of acquisition. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented because the effect of the acquisition was insignificant to the financial statements for all periods presented.

Note 11 — Segment Information

The Company’s reporting segments, comprised of the satellite services, commercial networks and government systems segments, are primarily distinguished by the type of customer and the related contractual requirements. The Company’s satellite services segment provides retail and wholesale satellite-based broadband services for its consumer, enterprise and mobile broadband customers primarily in the United States. The Company’s commercial networks segment develops and produces a variety of advanced end-to-end satellite and other wireless communication systems and ground networking equipment and products, some of which are ultimately used by the Company’s satellite services segment. The Company’s government systems segment develops and produces network-centric, Internet Protocol (IP)-based fixed and mobile secure government communications systems, network management systems, products, services and solutions. The more regulated government environment is subject to unique contractual requirements and possesses economic characteristics which differ from the satellite services and commercial networks segments. The Company’s segments are determined consistent with the way management currently organizes and evaluates financial information internally for making operating decisions and assessing performance.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Segment revenues and operating profits (losses) for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     January 2, 2015     January 3, 2014     January 2, 2015     January 3, 2014  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues:

        

Satellite Services

        

Product (1)

   $ 6,149      $ 11      $ 27,468      $ 31   

Service

     117,683        98,637        342,015        284,815   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  123,832      98,648      369,483      284,846   

Commercial Networks

Product

  79,832      87,845      251,533      284,815   

Service

  4,178      4,014      11,564      14,630   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  84,010      91,859      263,097      299,445   

Government Systems

Product

  88,318      105,990      257,351      301,552   

Service

  43,393      36,058      127,851      121,695   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  131,711      142,048      385,202      423,247   

Elimination of intersegment revenues

  —       —       —       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

$ 339,553    $ 332,555    $ 1,017,782    $ 1,007,538   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating profits (losses):

Satellite Services (2)

$ 10,421    $ (9,761 $ 47,823    $ (37,377

Commercial Networks

  (7,558   (6,528   (20,801   (3,558

Government Systems

  19,966      21,465      49,781      56,322   

Elimination of intersegment operating profits

  —       —       —       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment operating profit before corporate and amortization of acquired intangible assets

  22,829      5,176      76,803      15,387   

Corporate

  —       —       —       —    

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

  (4,651   (3,652   (13,338   (10,949
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

$ 18,178    $ 1,524    $ 63,465    $ 4,438   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Of the amounts realized under the Settlement Agreement during the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, $6.0 million and $27.0 million, respectively, was recognized as product revenues in the Company’s satellite services segment. See Note 8.
(2) Operating profits for the satellite services segment for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 include $6.0 million and $45.7 million, respectively, relating to amounts realized under the Settlement Agreement. See Note 8.

Assets identifiable to segments include: accounts receivable, unbilled accounts receivable, inventory, acquired intangible assets and goodwill. The Company’s property and equipment, including its satellites, gateways and other networking equipment, are assigned to corporate assets as they are available for use by the various segments throughout their estimated useful lives. Segment assets as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014 were as follows:

 

     As of
January 2,
2015
     As of
April 4,
2014
 
     (In thousands)  

Segment assets:

     

Satellite Services

   $ 73,059       $ 73,382   

Commercial Networks

     222,885         229,455   

Government Systems

     264,838         206,848   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segment assets

  560,782      509,685   

Corporate assets

  1,592,542      1,450,430   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

$ 2,153,324    $ 1,960,115   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Other acquired intangible assets, net and goodwill included in segment assets as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014 were as follows:

 

     Other Acquired Intangible
Assets, Net
     Goodwill  
     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In thousands)  

Satellite Services

   $ 20,636       $ 28,931       $ 9,809       $ 9,809   

Commercial Networks

     1,811         2,583         43,936         44,148   

Government Systems

     24,082         3,883         63,531         29,670   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 46,529    $ 35,397    $ 117,276    $ 83,627   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets by segment for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended  
     January 2, 2015      January 3, 2014      January 2, 2015      January 3, 2014  
     (In thousands)  

Satellite Services

   $ 2,765       $ 2,765       $ 8,295       $ 8,295   

Commercial Networks

     369         343         1,084         994   

Government Systems

     1,517         544         3,959         1,660   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total amortization of acquired intangible assets

$ 4,651    $ 3,652    $ 13,338    $ 10,949   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 12 — Certain Relationships and Related-Party Transactions

John Stenbit, a director of the Company since August 2004, also serves on the board of directors of Loral. Telesat Canada is an entity owned by TeleSat Holdings, Inc., a joint venture between Loral and the Public Sector Pension Investment Board. From time to time, the Company enters into various contracts in the ordinary course of business with Telesat Canada. These contracts are substantially the same as disclosed in the most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results that are subject to the safe harbors created under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industries in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. We use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “goal,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would,” variations of such words and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. In addition, statements that refer to projections of earnings, revenue, costs or other financial items; anticipated growth and trends in our business or key markets; future economic conditions and performance; the development, customer acceptance and anticipated performance of technologies, products or services; satellite construction activities; the performance and anticipated benefits of the ViaSat-2 satellite; the expected capacity, service, coverage, service speeds and other features of ViaSat-2, and the timing, cost, economics and other benefits associated therewith; anticipated subscriber growth; plans, objectives and strategies for future operations; and other characterizations of future events or circumstances, are forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Factors that could cause actual results to differ include: our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the ViaSat-2 satellite; unexpected expenses related to the satellite project; our ability to successfully implement our business plan for our broadband satellite services on our anticipated timeline or at all, including with respect to the ViaSat-2 satellite system; risks associated with the construction, launch and operation of ViaSat-2 and our other satellites, including the effect of any anomaly, operational failure or degradation in satellite performance; our ability to successfully develop, introduce and sell new technologies, products and services; negative audits by the U.S. government; changes in the global business environment and economic conditions; delays in approving U.S. government budgets and cuts in government defense expenditures; our reliance on U.S. government contracts, and on a small number of contracts which account for a significant percentage of our revenues; reduced demand for products and services as a result of continued constraints on capital spending by customers; changes in relationships with, or the financial condition of, key customers or suppliers; our reliance on a limited number of third parties to manufacture and supply our products; increased competition and other factors affecting the communications and defense industries generally; the effect of adverse regulatory changes on our ability to sell products and services; our level of indebtedness and ability to comply with applicable debt covenants; our involvement in litigation, including intellectual property claims and litigation to protect our proprietary technology; our dependence on a limited number of key employees; and other factors identified under the heading “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 4, 2014, under the heading “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this report, elsewhere in this report and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.

Company Overview

We are a leading provider of high-speed fixed and mobile broadband services, advanced satellite and other wireless networks and secure networking systems, products and services. We have leveraged our success developing complex satellite communication systems and equipment for the U.S. government and select commercial customers to develop next-generation satellite broadband technologies and services for both fixed and mobile users. Our product, systems and service offerings are often linked through common underlying technologies, customer applications and market relationships. We believe that our portfolio of products and services, combined with our ability to effectively cross-deploy technologies between government and commercial segments and across different geographic markets, provides us with a strong foundation to sustain and enhance our leadership in advanced communications and networking technologies. ViaSat, Inc. was incorporated in California in 1986, and reincorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1996.

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2015, we completed the acquisition of NetNearU Corp. (NetNearU), a privately held Delaware corporation. NetNearU has developed a comprehensive network management system for WiFi and other Internet access networks that we expect to use to extend our Exede ® broadband services to a wider subscriber base in multiple markets, including commercial airlines, live events, hospitality, enterprise networking and government broadband projects. NetNearU’s primary operations currently support government applications. The purchase price for NetNearU is estimated to be approximately $59.9 million in cash consideration (subject to certain minor working capital post-closing adjustments).

We conduct our business through three segments: satellite services, commercial networks and government systems.

Satellite Services

Our satellite services segment provides retail and wholesale satellite-based broadband services for our consumer, enterprise and mobile broadband customers primarily in the United States. Our Exede broadband services are designed to offer a high-quality broadband service choice to the millions of unserved and under-served consumers in the United States and to significantly expand the

 

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quality, capability and availability of high-speed broadband satellite services for U.S. consumers and enterprises. Our satellite services business also provides a platform for the provision of network management services to domestic and international satellite service providers. In May 2013, we entered into a satellite construction contract for ViaSat-2, our second high-capacity Ka-band satellite.

The primary services offered by our satellite services segment are comprised of:

 

    Retail and wholesale broadband satellite services offered to consumers and small businesses under the Exede and WildBlue brands, which provide two-way satellite-based broadband internet access and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). As of January 2, 2015, we provided broadband satellite services to approximately 675,000 subscribers.

 

    Mobile broadband services, which provide global network management and high-speed internet connectivity services for customers using airborne, maritime and ground-mobile satellite systems.

 

    Enterprise broadband services, which include in-flight WiFi (including our flagship Exede In The Air service), live on-line event streaming, oil and natural gas data gathering services and high definition satellite news gathering.

On September 5, 2014, we entered into a settlement agreement with Space Systems/Loral, Inc. (SS/L) and its former parent company Loral Space & Communications, Inc. (Loral) (the Settlement Agreement), pursuant to which SS/L and Loral are required to pay us a total of $108.7 million, inclusive of interest, over a two and a half year period from the date of settlement. In exchange, we dismissed both lawsuits against SS/L and Loral. The parties further agreed not to sue each other with respect to the patents and intellectual property that were the subject of the lawsuits and, for a period of two years, not to sue each other or each other’s customers for any intellectual property claims. Payments under the Settlement Agreement will be recorded as product revenues and as a reduction of selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses in our satellite services segment, and as interest income. For further information, see Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Commercial Networks

Our commercial networks segment develops and produces a variety of advanced end-to-end satellite and other wireless communication systems and ground networking equipment and products that address five key market segments: consumer, enterprise, in-flight, maritime and ground mobile applications. These communication systems, networking equipment and products are generally developed through a combination of customer and discretionary internal research and development funding, and are either sold to our commercial networks customers or utilized to provide services through our satellite services segment.

Our satellite communication systems, ground networking equipment and products cater to a wide range of domestic and international commercial customers and include:

 

    Fixed satellite networks, including next-generation satellite network infrastructure and ground terminals to access Ka-band broadband services on high-capacity satellites.

 

    Mobile broadband satellite communication systems, designed for use in aircraft, high-speed trains and seagoing vessels.

 

    Antenna systems for terrestrial and satellite applications, specializing in geospatial imagery, mobile satellite communication, Ka-band gateways and other multi-band antennas.

 

    Satellite networking development programs, including specialized design and technology services covering all aspects of satellite communication system architecture and technology.

Government Systems

Our government systems segment develops and produces network-centric Internet Protocol (IP)-based fixed and mobile secure government communications systems, products, services and solutions, which are designed to enable the collection and dissemination of secure real-time digital information between command centers, communications nodes and air defense systems. Customers of our government systems segment include the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), armed forces, public safety first-responders and remote government employees.

The primary products and services of our government systems segment include:

 

    Government satellite communication systems, which comprise an array of portable, mobile and fixed broadband modems, terminals, network access control systems and antenna systems using a range of satellite frequency bands for line-of-sight and beyond-line-of-sight Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and Command and Control (C2) missions, satellite networking services, network management systems and global mobile broadband capability, and include products designed for manpacks, aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), seagoing vessels, ground mobile vehicles and fixed applications.

 

    Information security and assurance products and secure networking solutions, which provide advanced, high-speed IP-based “Type 1” and High Assurance Internet Protocol Encryption (HAIPE ® )-compliant encryption solutions that enable military and government users to communicate information securely over networks, and that secure data stored on computers and storage devices.

 

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    Tactical data links, including Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) terminals for military fighter jets and their successor, MIDS Joint Tactical Radio System (MIDS-JTRS) terminals, “disposable” weapon data links and portable small tactical terminals.

Sources of Revenues

Our satellite services segment revenues are primarily derived from our domestic satellite broadband services business and from our worldwide managed network services.

Our products in our commercial networks and government systems segments are provided primarily through three types of contracts: fixed-price, time-and-materials and cost-reimbursement contracts. Fixed-price contracts (which require us to provide products and services under a contract at a specified price) comprised approximately 90% and 92% of our total revenues for these segments for the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively, and 89% and 93% of our total revenues for these segments for the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively. The remainder of our revenue in these segments for such periods was derived from cost-reimbursement contracts (under which we are reimbursed for all actual costs incurred in performing the contract to the extent such costs are within the contract ceiling and allowable under the terms of the contract, plus a fee or profit) and from time-and-materials contracts (which reimburse us for the number of labor hours expended at an established hourly rate negotiated in the contract, plus the cost of materials utilized in providing such products or services).

Our ability to grow and maintain our revenues in our commercial networks and government systems segments has to date depended on our ability to identify and target markets where the customer places a high priority on the technology solution, and our ability to obtain additional sizable contract awards. Due to the nature of this process, it is difficult to predict the probability and timing of obtaining awards in these markets.

Historically, a significant portion of our revenues has been derived from customer contracts that include the research and development of products. The research and development efforts are conducted in direct response to the customer’s specific requirements and, accordingly, expenditures related to such efforts are included in cost of sales when incurred and the related funding (which includes a profit component) is included in revenues. Revenues for our funded research and development from our customer contracts were approximately 22% and 32% of our total revenues in the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively. Revenues for our funded research and development from our customer contracts were approximately 24% and 31% of our total revenues in the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively.

We also incur independent research and development (IR&D) expenses, which are not directly funded by a third party. IR&D expenses consist primarily of salaries and other personnel-related expenses, supplies, prototype materials, testing and certification related to research and development projects. IR&D expenses were approximately 4% and 5% of total revenues during the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively, and approximately 3% and 4% of total revenues during the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively. As a government contractor, we are able to recover a portion of our IR&D expenses pursuant to our government contracts.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discusses our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We consider the policies discussed below to be critical to an understanding of our financial statements because their application places the most significant demands on management’s judgment, with financial reporting results relying on estimation about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. We describe the specific risks for these critical accounting policies in the following paragraphs. For all of these policies, we caution that future events rarely develop exactly as forecast, and even the best estimates routinely require adjustment.

Revenue recognition

A substantial portion of our revenues is derived from long-term contracts requiring development and delivery of complex equipment built to customer specifications. Sales related to these contracts are accounted for under the authoritative guidance for the percentage-of-completion method of accounting (Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 605-35). Sales and earnings under these contracts are recorded either based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to date to total estimated costs expected to be incurred related to the contract, or as products are shipped under the units-of-delivery method.

 

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The percentage-of-completion method of accounting requires management to estimate the profit margin for each individual contract and to apply that profit margin on a uniform basis as sales are recorded under the contract. The estimation of profit margins requires management to make projections of the total sales to be generated and the total costs that will be incurred under a contract. These projections require management to make numerous assumptions and estimates relating to items such as the complexity of design and related development costs, performance of subcontractors, availability and cost of materials, labor productivity and cost, overhead and capital costs and manufacturing efficiency. These contracts often include purchase options for additional quantities and customer change orders for additional or revised product functionality. Purchase options and change orders are accounted for either as an integral part of the original contract or separately depending upon the nature and value of the item. For contract claims or similar items, we apply judgment in estimating the amounts and assessing the potential for realization. These amounts are only included in contract value when they can be reliably estimated and realization is considered probable. Anticipated losses on contracts are recognized in full in the period in which losses become probable and estimable. During the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, we recorded losses of approximately $0.3 million and $1.7 million, respectively, related to loss contracts. During the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, we recorded losses of approximately $0.4 million and $2.7 million, respectively, related to loss contracts.

Assuming the initial estimates of sales and costs under a contract are accurate, the percentage-of-completion method results in the profit margin being recorded evenly as revenue is recognized under the contract. Changes in these underlying estimates due to revisions in sales and future cost estimates or the exercise of contract options may result in profit margins being recognized unevenly over a contract as such changes are accounted for on a cumulative basis in the period estimates are revised. We believe we have established appropriate systems and processes to enable us to reasonably estimate future costs on our programs through regular evaluations of contract costs, scheduling and technical matters by business unit personnel and management. Historically, in the aggregate, we have not experienced significant deviations in actual costs from estimated program costs, and when deviations that result in significant adjustments arise, we disclose the related impact in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. However, these estimates require significant management judgment and a significant change in future cost estimates on one or more programs could have a material effect on our results of operations. A one percent variance in our future cost estimates on open fixed-price contracts as of January 2, 2015 would change our income before income taxes by approximately $0.5 million.

We also derive a substantial portion of our revenues from contracts and purchase orders where revenue is recorded on delivery of products or performance of services in accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition (ASC 605). Under this standard, we recognize revenue when an arrangement exists, prices are determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and the goods or services have been delivered.

We also enter into certain leasing arrangements with customers and evaluate the contracts in accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases (ASC 840). Our accounting for equipment leases involves specific determinations under the authoritative guidance for leases, which often involve complex provisions and significant judgments. In accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases, we classify the transactions as sales type or operating leases based on: (1) review for transfers of ownership of the equipment to the lessee by the end of the lease term, (2) review of the lease terms to determine if it contains an option to purchase the leased equipment for a price which is sufficiently lower than the expected fair value of the equipment at the date of the option, (3) review of the lease term to determine if it is equal to or greater than 75% of the economic life of the equipment, and (4) review of the present value of the minimum lease payments to determine if they are equal to or greater than 90% of the fair market value of the equipment at the inception of the lease. Additionally, we consider the cancelability of the contract and any related uncertainty of collections or risk in recoverability of the lease investment at lease inception. Revenue from sales type leases is recognized at the inception of the lease or when the equipment has been delivered and installed at the customer site, if installation is required. Revenues from equipment rentals under operating leases are recognized as earned over the lease term, which is generally on a straight-line basis.

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition for multiple element arrangements, the Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2009-13 (ASU 2009-13), Revenue Recognition (ASC 605) Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, which updates ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition-Multiple element arrangements, of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) codification, for substantially all of the arrangements with multiple deliverables, we allocate revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy at the arrangement inception. The selling price for each element is based upon the following selling price hierarchy: vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE are available (a description as to how we determine VSOE, TPE and ESP is provided below). If a tangible hardware systems product includes software, we determine whether the tangible hardware systems product and the software work together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and, if so, the entire product is treated as a nonsoftware deliverable. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the nonsoftware deliverables using the relative selling prices of each unit based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. Revenue for each separate unit of accounting is recognized when the applicable revenue recognition criteria for each element have been met.

 

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To determine the selling price in multiple-element arrangements, we establish VSOE of the selling price using the price charged for a deliverable when sold separately. We also consider specific renewal rates offered to customers for software license updates, product support and hardware systems support, and other services. For nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements, TPE is established by evaluating similar and/or interchangeable competitor products or services in standalone arrangements with similarly situated customers and/or agreements. If we are unable to determine the selling price because VSOE or TPE doesn’t exist, we determine ESP for the purposes of allocating the arrangement by reviewing historical transactions, including transactions whereby the deliverable was sold on a standalone basis and considering several other external and internal factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices including discounting, margin objectives, competition, the geographies in which we offer our products and services, the type of customer (i.e. distributor, value added reseller, government agency or direct end user, among others), volume commitments and the stage of the product lifecycle. The determination of ESP considers our pricing model and go-to-market strategy. As our, or our competitors’, pricing and go-to-market strategies evolve, we may modify our pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes to our determination of VSOE, TPE and ESP. As a result, our future revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements could differ materially from those in the current period.

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues represent cash collected from customers in advance of revenue recognition and are recorded in accrued liabilities for obligations within the next twelve months. Amounts for obligations extending beyond the twelve months are recorded within other liabilities in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Warranty reserves

We provide limited warranties on our products for periods of up to five years. We record a liability for our warranty obligations when we ship the products or they are included in long-term construction contracts based upon an estimate of expected warranty costs. Amounts expected to be incurred within twelve months are classified as accrued liabilities and amounts expected to be incurred beyond twelve months are classified as other liabilities in the consolidated financial statements. For mature products, we estimate the warranty costs based on historical experience with the particular product. For newer products that do not have a history of warranty costs, we base our estimates on our experience with the technology involved and the types of failures that may occur. It is possible that our underlying assumptions will not reflect the actual experience, and in that case, we will make future adjustments to the recorded warranty obligation.

Property, equipment and satellites

Satellites and other property and equipment are recorded at cost or in the case of certain satellites and other property acquired, the fair value at the date of acquisition, net of accumulated depreciation. Capitalized satellite costs consist primarily of the costs of satellite construction and launch, including launch insurance and insurance during the period of in-orbit testing, the net present value of performance incentives expected to be payable to the satellite manufacturers (dependent on the continued satisfactory performance of the satellites), costs directly associated with the monitoring and support of satellite construction, and interest costs incurred during the period of satellite construction. We also construct gateway facilities, network operations systems and other assets to support our satellites, and those construction costs, including interest, are capitalized as incurred. At the time satellites are placed in service, we estimate the useful life of our satellites for depreciation purposes based upon an analysis of each satellite’s performance against the original manufacturer’s orbital design life, estimated fuel levels and related consumption rates, as well as historical satellite operating trends.

We own two satellites: ViaSat-1 (our first high-capacity Ka-band spot-beam satellite, which was placed into service in January 2012) and WildBlue-1 (which was placed into service in March 2007). In May 2013, we entered into a satellite construction contract for ViaSat-2, our second high-capacity Ka-band satellite. In addition, we have an exclusive prepaid lifetime capital lease of Ka-band capacity over the contiguous United States on Telesat Canada’s Anik F2 satellite (which was placed into service in April 2005) and own related gateway and networking equipment on all of our satellites. Property and equipment also includes the indoor and outdoor customer premise equipment (CPE) units leased to subscribers under a retail leasing program as part of our satellite services segment.

Impairment of long-lived and other long-term assets (property, equipment and satellites, and other assets, including goodwill)

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for impairment or disposal of long-lived assets (ASC 360), we assess potential impairments to our long-lived assets, including property, equipment and satellites and other assets, when there is evidence that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. We periodically review the remaining estimated useful life of the satellite to determine if revisions to the estimated life are necessary. We recognize an impairment loss when the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by an asset (or group of assets) are less than the asset’s carrying value. Any required impairment loss would be measured as the amount by which the asset’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, and would be recorded as a reduction in the carrying value of the related asset and charged to results of operations. No material impairments were recorded by us for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014.

 

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We account for our goodwill under the authoritative guidance for goodwill and other intangible assets (ASC 350) and the provisions of ASU 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment, which permits us to make a qualitative assessment of whether it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount before applying the two step goodwill impairment test. If, after completing our qualitative assessment we determine that it is more likely than not that the carrying value exceeds estimated fair value, we compare the fair value to our carrying value (including goodwill). If the estimated fair value is greater than the carrying value, we conclude that no impairment exists. If the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value, a second step is performed in which the implied fair value of goodwill is compared to its carrying value. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than its carrying value, goodwill must be written down to its implied fair value, resulting in goodwill impairment. We test goodwill for impairment during the fourth quarter every fiscal year and when an event occurs or circumstances change such that it is reasonably possible that an impairment may exist.

In accordance with ASC 350, we assess qualitative factors to determine whether goodwill is impaired. Furthermore, in addition to the qualitative analysis, we believe it is appropriate to conduct a quantitative analysis periodically as a prudent review of our reporting unit goodwill fair values. Our quantitative analysis estimates the fair values of the reporting units using discounted cash flows and other indicators of fair value. The forecast of future cash flow is based on our best estimate of the future revenue and operating costs, based primarily on existing firm orders, expected future orders, contracts with suppliers, labor resources and general market conditions. Based on a quantitative analysis for fiscal year 2014, we concluded that estimated fair values of our reporting units significantly exceed their respective carrying value.

Our qualitative analysis includes assessing the impact of changes in certain factors including: (1) changes in forecasted operating results and comparing actual results to projections, (2) changes in the industry or our competitive environment since the acquisition date, (3) changes in the overall economy, our market share and market interest rates since the acquisition date, (4) trends in the stock price and related market capitalization and enterprise values, (5) trends in peer companies total enterprise value metrics, and (6) additional factors such as management turnover, changes in regulation and changes in litigation matters.

Based on our qualitative and quantitative assessment performed during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014, we concluded that it was more likely than not that the estimated fair value of our reporting units exceeded its carrying value as of April 4, 2014 and, therefore, determined it was not necessary to perform step two of the goodwill impairment test.

Income taxes and valuation allowance on deferred tax assets

Management evaluates the realizability of our deferred tax assets and assesses the need for a valuation allowance on a quarterly basis. In accordance with the authoritative guidance for income taxes (ASC 740), net deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on all the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Our valuation allowance against deferred tax assets increased from $12.8 million at April 4, 2014 to $14.7 million at January 2, 2015. The valuation allowance primarily relates to state net operating loss carryforwards and research and development credit carryforwards available to reduce state income taxes.

Our analysis of the need for a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets considered the losses incurred during the fiscal years ended April 4, 2014 and March 29, 2013 and the income generated during the nine months ended January 2, 2015. In fiscal year 2013, we recorded a significant loss, a substantial portion of which resulted from an extinguishment of debt charge that was recorded upon the refinancing of our former 8.875% Senior Notes due 2016 (2016 Notes) with the proceeds from the issuance of additional 6.875% Senior Notes due 2020 (2020 Notes), which provides a benefit to net income due to the lower interest rate of the 2020 Notes. The loss from fiscal year 2014 was less significant and substantial portion of that loss related to legal expense focused on protecting and extending our technology advantages in the litigation against SS/L and Loral, which was resolved in our favor during the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 (see Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements). In addition to these events, our evaluation considered other factors, including our contractual backlog, our history of positive earnings, current earnings trends assuming our satellite subscriber base continues to grow, taxable income adjusted for certain items, and forecasted income by jurisdiction. We also considered the lengthy period over which these net deferred tax assets can be realized and our history of not having federal tax loss carryforwards expire unused.

Accruals for uncertain tax positions are provided for in accordance with the authoritative guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes (ASC 740). Under the authoritative guidance, we may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The authoritative guidance addresses the derecognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and income tax disclosures.

We are subject to income taxes in the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. In the ordinary course of business, there are calculations and transactions where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. In addition, changes in tax laws and regulations as well as adverse judicial rulings could adversely affect the income tax provision. We believe we have adequately provided for income tax issues not yet resolved with federal, state and foreign tax authorities. However, if these provided amounts prove to be more than

 

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what is necessary, the reversal of the reserves would result in tax benefits being recognized in the period in which we determine that provision for the liabilities is no longer necessary. If an ultimate tax assessment exceeds our estimate of tax liabilities, an additional charge to expense would result.

Results of Operations

The following table presents, as a percentage of total revenues, income statement data for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
    January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
 

Revenues:

     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0

Product revenues

     51.3        58.3        52.7        58.2   

Service revenues

     48.7        41.7        47.3        41.8   

Operating expenses:

        

Cost of product revenues

     36.4        42.3        37.6        42.4   

Cost of service revenues

     32.5        30.9        32.5        31.1   

Selling, general and administrative

     20.8        20.7        19.1        20.6   

Independent research and development

     3.5        4.5        3.3        4.4   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     1.4        1.1        1.3        1.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

  5.4      0.5      6.2      0.4   

Interest expense, net

  (2.0   (2.8   (2.3   (2.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

  3.4      (2.3   3.9      (2.5

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

  (1.0   (0.5   0.7      (2.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

  4.4      (1.8   3.2      (0.5

Net income (loss) attributable to ViaSat, Inc.

  4.4      (1.8   3.2      (0.6

Three Months Ended January 2, 2015 vs. Three Months Ended January 3, 2014

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Product revenues

   $ 174.3       $ 193.8       $ (19.5     (10.1 )% 

Service revenues

     165.3         138.7         26.5        19.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

$ 339.6    $ 332.6    $ 7.0      2.1

Our total revenues increased by $7.0 million as a result of the $26.5 million increase in service revenues, offset by a $19.5 million decrease in product revenues. The service revenue increase was comprised of $19.0 million in our satellite services segment and $7.3 million in our government systems segment. The product revenue decrease was driven by a decrease of $17.7 million in our government systems segment and $8.0 million in our commercial networks segment, offset by an increase of $6.1 million in our satellite services segment (related to the Settlement Agreement).

Cost of revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Cost of product revenues

   $ 123.7       $ 140.5       $ (16.9     (12.0 )% 

Cost of service revenues

     110.2         102.6         7.6        7.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total cost of revenues

$ 233.9    $ 243.1    $ (9.2   (3.8 )% 

Cost of revenues decreased by $9.2 million due to a $16.9 million decrease in cost of product revenues, offset by an increase in cost of service revenues of $7.6 million. The cost of product revenues decrease was primarily due to decreased revenues, causing an $18.5 million decrease in cost of product revenues on a constant margin basis, prior to the effects of product revenues related to the implied license under the Settlement Agreement. This cost of product revenues decrease mainly related to our government satellite communications systems (driven by command and control situational awareness) in our government systems segment and our commercial networks segment from

 

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fixed satellite networks (driven by consumer broadband products). The cost of service revenues increase was primarily due to increased service revenues, which caused a $19.6 million increase in cost of service revenues on a constant margin basis. This increase mainly related to our Exede broadband services in our satellite services segment. However, as our Exede subscribers have continued to grow and related revenues scale, we have also experienced improved margins from our broadband services in our satellite services segment partially offsetting the cost of service revenue growth. Additionally, we have experienced improved margins in our government systems segment related to our government satellite communication systems services.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
       

Selling, general and administrative

   $ 71.0       $ 69.1       $ 1.9         2.7

The $1.9 million increase in SG&A expenses was primarily attributable to higher selling costs of $2.5 million (mainly due to our satellite services segment) and new business proposal costs of $1.4 million (due to our government systems segment and our commercial networks segment). These increases were partially offset by lower support costs of $2.0 million (primarily due to our satellite services segment, offset by our government systems segment). SG&A expenses consisted primarily of personnel costs and expenses for business development, marketing and sales, bid and proposal, facilities, finance, contract administration and general management.

Independent research and development

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Independent research and development

   $ 11.9       $ 15.1       $ (3.3     (21.7 )% 

The $3.3 million decrease in IR&D expenses reflected decreased IR&D efforts in our commercial networks segment of $2.0 million (primarily due to a decrease in next-generation consumer broadband and next-generation satellite communication systems, offset by an increase in mobile broadband satellite communication systems) and in our government systems segment of $0.9 million (primarily due to a decrease in advancement of integrated government satellite communications platforms).

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

We amortize our acquired intangible assets from prior acquisitions over their estimated useful lives, which range from two to ten years. The $1.0 million increase in amortization of acquired intangible assets in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015 compared to the prior year period was the result of our acquisition of NetNearU in June 2014. Current and expected amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for each of the following periods is as follows:

 

 

     Amortization  
     (In thousands)  

For the nine months ended January 2, 2015

   $ 13,338   

Expected for the remainder of fiscal year 2015

   $ 4,642   

Expected for fiscal year 2016

     15,019   

Expected for fiscal year 2017

     7,699   

Expected for fiscal year 2018

     6,365   

Expected for fiscal year 2019

     3,869   

Thereafter

     8,935   
  

 

 

 
$ 46,529   
  

 

 

 

 

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Interest income

The $0.9 million increase in interest income in the three months ended January 2, 2015 compared to the prior year period was primarily due to the recognition of $0.9 million of payments made under the Settlement Agreement as interest income.

Interest expense

The $1.5 million decrease in interest expense in the three months ended January 2, 2015 compared to the prior year period was due primarily to an increase of $1.6 million in the amount of interest capitalized during the third quarter of fiscal year 2015 compared to the same period last fiscal year. This decrease was partially offset by increased interest expense on outstanding borrowings under our revolving credit facility (the Credit Facility) during the third quarter of fiscal year 2015 due primarily to higher outstanding balances compared to the prior year period. Capitalized interest expense during the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 is related to the construction of ViaSat-2 and other assets.

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

We currently estimate our annual effective income tax expense rate to be approximately 21.2% for fiscal year 2015. For the three months ended January 2, 2015, we recorded an income tax benefit of $3.4 million. The income tax benefit rate for the three months ended January 3, 2014 was less than the income tax benefit rate for the three months ended January 2, 2015, due primarily to federal research and development tax credits recorded in the current year period as a result of the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014 enacted on December 19, 2014, which extended the research and development credit from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. In the first two quarters of fiscal year 2015, our estimated annual effective income tax rate did not include the effect of the extension of the research and development tax credit, which resulted in an adjustment of approximately $5.9 million in tax benefits in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. Also as a result of the extension of the research and development tax credit, approximately $2.4 million of research and development credit generated in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 was recognized as a discrete tax benefit in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. If the federal research and development tax credit is reinstated through the end of fiscal year 2015, we may have a lower annual effective income tax expense rate for fiscal year 2015, and the amount of any such decrease will depend on the effective date of any such reinstatement, the terms of the reinstatement, as well as the amount of eligible research and development expenses in the reinstated period.

Segment Results for the Three Months Ended January 2, 2015 vs. Three Months Ended January 3, 2014

Satellite services segment

Revenues

 

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
       

Segment product revenues

   $ 6.1       $ —        $ 6.1         100.0

Segment service revenues

     117.7         98.6         19.0         19.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total revenues

$ 123.8    $ 98.6    $ 25.2      25.5

Our satellite services segment revenues grew by $25.2 million as a result of a $19.0 million increase in service revenues and a $6.1 million increase in product revenues. The increase in service revenues related primarily to retail and wholesale broadband services, and was primarily driven by an increase in the number of our Exede broadband subscribers, as well as higher average revenue per subscriber. Total subscribers grew 9% from approximately 620,000 at January 3, 2014 to approximately 675,000 at January 2, 2015. The increase in product revenues was primarily due to the recognition of $6.0 million of payments under the Settlement Agreement as product revenue in our satellite services segment.

Segment operating profit (loss)

 

 

     Three Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
      

Segment operating profit (loss)

   $ 10.4      $ (9.8   $ 20.2         206.8

Percentage of segment revenues

     8.4     (9.9 )%      

The change from an operating loss to an operating profit for our satellite services segment was primarily due to higher earnings contributions of $18.3 million from higher service revenues, primarily due to the continued growth in the size of our Exede broadband services subscriber base, which resulted in increased service revenues and improved margins. In addition, product revenues increased from the Settlement Agreement.

 

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Commercial networks segment

Revenues

 

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 79.8       $ 87.8       $ (8.0     (9.1 )% 

Segment service revenues

     4.2         4.0         0.2        4.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

$ 84.0    $ 91.9    $ (7.8   (8.5 )% 

Our commercial networks segment revenues decreased by $7.8 million, primarily due to the $8.0 million decrease in product revenues. Of this product revenue decrease, $14.0 million related to fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by our large scale Australian Ka-band infrastructure project as it moves closer to completion as well as consumer broadband products due to reduced revenues from terminal sales, partially offset by our next-generation Ka-band system contract in Canada). This decrease was partially offset by a $6.7 million increase in product revenues for our antenna systems products.

Segment operating loss

 

 

     Three Months Ended     Dollar
(Increase)
Decrease
    Percentage
(Increase)
Decrease
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
     

Segment operating loss

   $ (7.6   $ (6.5   $ (1.0     (15.8 )% 

Percentage of segment revenues

     (9.0 )%      (7.1 )%     

The $1.0 million increase in our commercial networks segment operating loss was primarily due to lower earnings contributions of $2.5 million due mainly to lower revenues from fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by consumer broadband products). In addition, our commercial networks segment experienced lower margins in our fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by consumer broadband products due to a change in the mix towards funded development activities versus terminal production contracts) and in our antenna systems products and services. In addition, the operating loss was due to higher new business proposal and selling costs of $0.6 million, offset by decreased IR&D expenses of $2.0 million.

Government systems segment

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 88.3       $ 106.0       $ (17.7     (16.7 )% 

Segment service revenues

     43.4         36.1         7.3        20.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

$ 131.7    $ 142.0    $ (10.3   (7.3 )% 

Our government systems segment revenues decreased by $10.3 million, due to a $17.7 million decrease in product revenues, offset by a $7.3 million increase in service revenues. The product revenue decrease was primarily due to a $23.2 million revenue decrease in government satellite communication systems (mainly attributable to command and control situational awareness), partially offset by a $4.2 million increase in revenues related to tactical data link products and a $1.1 million increase in information assurance products. Of the service revenue increase, $6.8 million related to NetNearU, our newly acquired subsidiary, and $2.7 million related to government satellite communication systems services (mainly attributable to broadband networking services revenues for military customers).

 

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Table of Contents

Segment operating profit

 

     Three Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
     

Segment operating profit

   $ 20.0      $ 21.5      $ (1.5     (7.0 )% 

Percentage of segment revenues

     15.2     15.1    

The $1.5 million decrease in our government systems segment operating profit reflected higher new business proposal, support and selling costs of $2.8 million, offset by decreased IR&D expenses of $0.9 million and higher earnings contributions of $0.4 million.

Nine Months Ended January 2, 2015 vs. Nine Months Ended January 3, 2014

Revenues

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Product revenues

   $ 536.4       $ 586.4       $ (50.0     (8.5 )% 

Service revenues

     481.4         421.1         60.3        14.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

$ 1,017.8    $ 1,007.5    $ 10.2      1.0

Our total revenues increased by $10.2 million as a result of the $60.3 million increase in service revenues, offset by the $50.0 million decrease in product revenues. The service revenue increase was comprised of $57.2 million in our satellite services segment and $6.2 million in our government systems segment, offset by a decrease of $3.1 million in our commercial networks segment. The product revenue decrease was comprised of $44.2 million in our government systems segment and $33.3 million in our commercial networks segment, offset by an increase of $27.4 million in our satellite services segment (related to the Settlement Agreement).

Cost of revenues

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Cost of product revenues

   $ 382.8       $ 427.5       $ (44.8     (10.5 )% 

Cost of service revenues

     330.6         313.0         17.6        5.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total cost of revenues

$ 713.3    $ 740.5    $ (27.2   (3.7 )% 

Cost of revenues decreased by $27.2 million due to a decrease in cost of product revenues of $44.8 million, offset by a $17.6 million increase in cost of service revenues. The cost of product revenues decrease was primarily due to a decrease in product revenues, causing a $56.1 million decrease in cost of product revenues on a constant margin basis, prior to the effects of product revenues related to the implied license under the Settlement Agreement. This cost of product revenues decrease mainly related to our government systems segment from government satellite communication systems (driven by command and control situational awareness) and to our commercial networks segment from fixed satellite networks (driven by consumer broadband products). The above $56.1 million decrease in cost of product revenues on a constant margin basis was offset by lower margins from our commercial networks segment from fixed satellite networks (driven by consumer broadband products), mobile broadband satellite communication systems products, and antenna systems products. The cost of service revenues increase was primarily due to increased service revenues, which caused a $44.8 million increase in cost of service revenues on a constant margin basis. This increase mainly related to our Exede broadband services in our satellite services segment. However, as our Exede subscribers have continued to grow and related revenues scale, we have also experienced improved margins from our broadband services in our satellite services segment offsetting the cost of service growth. Additionally, we have experienced improved margins in our government systems segment related to our government satellite communication systems services.

 

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Table of Contents

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Selling, general and administrative

   $ 194.5       $ 207.5       $ (13.0     (6.3 )% 

The $13.0 million decrease in SG&A expenses was primarily attributable to the recognition of $18.7 million of payments made under the Settlement Agreement as a reduction to SG&A expenses in our satellite services segment. Additionally, the decrease in SG&A expenses included lower selling costs of $4.5 million (primarily due to our satellite services segment), offset by an increase in new business proposal costs of $7.4 million (mainly due to our government systems segment). SG&A expenses consisted primarily of personnel costs and expenses for business development, marketing and sales, bid and proposal, facilities, finance, contract administration and general management.

Independent research and development

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Independent research and development

   $ 33.2       $ 44.2       $ (11.0     (24.9 )% 

The $11.0 million decrease in IR&D expenses reflected decreased IR&D efforts in our government systems segment of $5.4 million (primarily due to a decrease in advancement of integrated government satellite communications platforms and development of next-generation dual band mobility solutions, offset by an increase in information assurance projects) and a decrease in our commercial networks segment of $5.0 million (primarily due to a decrease in next-generation consumer broadband and next-generation satellite communication systems, offset by an increase in mobile broadband satellite communication systems).

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

We amortize our acquired intangible assets from prior acquisitions over their estimated useful lives, which range from two to ten years. The $2.4 million increase in amortization of acquired intangible assets in the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 compared to the prior year period was primarily the result of our acquisition of NetNearU in June 2014. Current and expected amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for each of the following periods is as follows:

 

     Amortization  
     (In thousands)  

For the nine months ended January 2, 2015

   $ 13,338   

Expected for the remainder of fiscal year 2015

   $ 4,642   

Expected for fiscal year 2016

     15,019   

Expected for fiscal year 2017

     7,699   

Expected for fiscal year 2018

     6,365   

Expected for fiscal year 2019

     3,869   

Thereafter

     8,935   
  

 

 

 
$ 46,529   
  

 

 

 

Interest income

The $1.2 million increase in interest income in the nine months ended January 2, 2015 compared to the prior year period was primarily due to the recognition of $1.2 million of payments made under the Settlement Agreement as interest income.

Interest expense

The $4.6 million decrease in interest expense in the nine months ended January 2, 2015 compared to the prior year period was due primarily to an increase of $5.4 million in the amount of interest capitalized during the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 compared to the same period last fiscal year. This decrease was partially offset by increased interest expense on outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility during the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 due primarily to higher outstanding balances compared to the prior year period. Capitalized interest expense during the nine months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 is related to the construction of ViaSat-2 and other assets.

 

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Table of Contents

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

We currently estimate our annual effective income tax expense rate to be approximately 21.2% for fiscal year 2015. For the nine months ended January 2, 2015, we recorded income tax expense of $7.6 million. The income tax benefit rate for the nine months ended January 3, 2014 was greater than the income tax expense rate for the nine months ended January 2, 2015, due primarily to the release of a valuation allowance of $2.7 million on state net operating loss carryforwards during the prior year period and the recording in the current period of federal research and development tax credits as a result of the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014 enacted on December 19, 2014, which extended the research and development credit from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. In the first two quarters of fiscal year 2015, our estimated annual effective income tax rate did not include the effect of the extension of the research and development tax credit, which resulted in an adjustment of approximately $5.9 million in tax benefits in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. Also as a result of the extension of the research and development tax credit, approximately $2.4 million of research and development credit generated in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 was recognized as a discrete tax benefit in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. If the federal research and development tax credit is reinstated through the end of fiscal year 2015, we may have a lower annual effective income tax expense rate for fiscal year 2015, and the amount of any such decrease will depend on the effective date of any such reinstatement, the terms of the reinstatement, as well as the amount of eligible research and development expenses in the reinstated period.

Segment Results for the Nine Months Ended January 2, 2015 vs. Nine Months Ended January 3, 2014

Satellite services segment

Revenues

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
       

Segment product revenues

   $ 27.5       $ —        $ 27.4         100.0

Segment service revenues

     342.0         284.8         57.2         20.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total revenues

$ 369.5    $ 284.8    $ 84.6      29.7

Our satellite services segment revenues grew by $84.6 million as a result of a $57.2 million increase in service revenues and a $27.4 million increase in product revenues. The increase in service revenues related primarily to retail and wholesale broadband services, and was primarily driven by an increase in the number of Exede broadband subscribers, as well as related higher average revenue per subscriber. Total subscribers grew 9% from approximately 620,000 at January 3, 2014 to approximately 675,000 at January 2, 2015. The service revenue increase also included the expansion of our in-flight Wi-Fi service with over 270 aircraft in service as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal year 2015. The increase in product revenues was primarily due to the recognition of $27.0 million of payments under the Settlement Agreement as product revenue in our satellite services segment.

Segment operating profit (loss)

 

     Nine Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
      

Segment operating profit (loss)

   $ 47.8      $ (37.4   $ 85.2         227.9

Percentage of segment revenues

     12.9     (13.1 )%      

The change from an operating loss to an operating profit for our satellite services segment was primarily due to higher earnings contributions of $59.2 million. Continued growth in the size of our Exede broadband services subscriber base resulted in increased service revenues and improved margins. In addition, our satellite services segment operating profit included $45.7 million from the Settlement Agreement, which resulted in increased product revenues and a decrease in SG&A expenses. Selling costs also decreased due to decreased sales and marketing support costs, reflecting a more established consumer broadband subscriber base. Additionally, legal expense decreased as a result of the Settlement Agreement.

Commercial networks segment

Revenues

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 251.5       $ 284.8       $ (33.3     (11.7 )% 

Segment service revenues

     11.6         14.6         (3.1     (21.0 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

$ 263.1    $ 299.4    $ (36.3   (12.1 )% 

 

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Table of Contents

Our commercial networks segment revenues decreased by $36.3 million, primarily due to the $33.3 million decrease in product revenues. Of this product revenue decrease, $51.9 million related to fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by our large scale Australian Ka-band infrastructure project as it moves closer to completion as well as consumer broadband products due to reduced revenues from terminal sales, partially offset by our next-generation Ka-band system contract in Canada). Our satellite networking development programs revenues also decreased $3.2 million. These decreases were partially offset by a $23.7 million increase in product revenues for our antenna systems products.

Segment operating loss

 

     Nine Months Ended     Dollar
(Increase)
Decrease
    Percentage
(Increase)
Decrease
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
     

Segment operating loss

   $ (20.8   $ (3.6   $ (17.2     (484.6 )% 

Percentage of segment revenues

     (7.9 )%      (1.2 )%     

The $17.2 million increase in our commercial networks segment operating loss was primarily due to lower earnings contributions of $20.9 million from lower revenues due to fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by consumer broadband products), as well as lower margins resulting from a change in the mix towards funded development activities versus terminal production contracts in our fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by consumer broadband products). We also experienced lower margins in our mobile broadband satellite communication systems products and antenna systems and services.

Government systems segment

Revenues

 

     Nine Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
     January 3,
2014
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 257.4       $ 301.6       $ (44.2     (14.7 )% 

Segment service revenues

     127.9         121.7         6.2        5.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

$ 385.2    $ 423.2    $ (38.0   (9.0 )% 

Our government systems segment revenues decreased by $38.0 million, due primarily to a $44.2 million decrease in product revenues. The product revenue decrease was primarily due to a $76.8 million revenue decrease in government satellite communication systems (mainly attributable to command and control situational awareness) and a $6.9 million decrease in tactical satcom radio products (relating to our majority-owned subsidiary TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.), partially offset by a $25.8 million increase in revenues related to tactical data link products and by a $12.9 million increase in information assurance products.

Segment operating profit

 

     Nine Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   January 2,
2015
    January 3,
2014
     

Segment operating profit

   $ 49.8      $ 56.3      $ (6.5     (11.6 )% 

Percentage of segment revenues

     12.9     13.3    

The $6.5 million decrease in our government systems segment operating profit reflected higher new business proposal, support and selling costs of $11.1 million, offset by lower IR&D costs of $5.4 million.

 

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Table of Contents

Backlog

As reflected in the table below, our overall firm and funded backlog increased during the first nine months of fiscal year 2015. The increases in both firm and funded backlog were due to increases in both our government systems and satellite services segments.

 

     As of
January 2, 2015
     As of
April 4, 2014
 
     (In millions)  

Firm backlog

     

Satellite Services segment

   $ 225.4       $ 160.2   

Commercial Networks segment

     362.7         457.4   

Government Systems segment

     404.8         281.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 992.9    $ 899.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Funded backlog

Satellite Services segment

$ 225.4    $ 160.2   

Commercial Networks segment

  362.7      457.4   

Government Systems segment

  315.3      235.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 903.4    $ 852.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The firm backlog does not include contract options. Of the $992.9 million in firm backlog, $200.5 million is expected to be delivered during the remaining three months of fiscal year 2015, and the balance is expected to be delivered in fiscal year 2016 and thereafter. We include in our backlog only those orders for which we have accepted purchase orders.

Our total new awards were $313.1 million and $1,122.1 million for the three and nine months ended January 2, 2015, respectively, compared to $326.8 million and $971.9 million for the three and nine months ended January 3, 2014, respectively.

Backlog is not necessarily indicative of future sales. A majority of our contracts can be terminated at the convenience of the customer. Orders are often made substantially in advance of delivery, and our contracts typically provide that orders may be terminated with limited or no penalties. In addition, purchase orders may present product specifications that would require us to complete additional product development. A failure to develop products meeting such specifications could lead to a termination of the related contract.

Firm backlog amounts are comprised of funded and unfunded components. Funded backlog represents the sum of contract amounts for which funds have been specifically obligated by customers to contracts. Unfunded backlog represents future amounts that customers may obligate over the specified contract performance periods. Our customers allocate funds for expenditures on long-term contracts on a periodic basis. Our ability to realize revenues from contracts in backlog is dependent upon adequate funding for such contracts. Although we do not control the funding of our contracts, our experience indicates that actual contract fundings have ultimately been approximately equal to the aggregate amounts of the contracts.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

We have financed our operations to date primarily with cash flows from operations, bank line of credit financing, debt financing and equity financing. At January 2, 2015, we had $97.6 million in cash and cash equivalents, $307.8 million in working capital, and $235.0 million in outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility. At April 4, 2014, we had $58.3 million in cash and cash equivalents, $256.8 million in working capital and $105.0 million in outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility. We invest our cash in excess of current operating requirements in short-term, interest-bearing, investment-grade securities.

Our future capital requirements will depend upon many factors, including the timing and amount of cash required for our ViaSat-2 satellite project and any future broadband satellite projects we may engage in, expansion of our research and development and marketing efforts, and the nature and timing of orders. Additionally, we will continue to evaluate possible acquisitions of, or investments in complementary businesses, products and technologies which may require the use of cash or additional financing.

The general cash needs of our satellite services, commercial networks and government systems segments can vary significantly. The cash needs of our satellite services segment tend to be driven by the timing of capital expenditure payments (e.g., payments under satellite construction and launch contracts) and of network expansion activities, as well as the quality of customer, type of contract and payment terms. In our commercial networks segment, cash needs tend to be driven primarily by the type and mix of contracts in backlog, the nature and quality of customers, the level of investments in IR&D activities and the payment terms of customers

 

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(including whether advance payments are made or customer financing is required). In our government systems segment, the primary factors determining cash needs tend to be the type and mix of contracts in backlog (e.g., product or service, development or production) and timing of payments (including restrictions on the timing of cash payments under U.S. government procurement regulations). Other factors affecting the cash needs of our commercial networks and government systems segments include contract duration and program performance. For example, if a program is performing well and meeting its contractual requirements, then its cash flow requirements are usually lower.

To further enhance our liquidity position or to finance the construction and launch of ViaSat-2 and any future satellites, we may obtain additional financing, which could consist of debt, convertible debt or equity financing from public and/or private credit and capital markets. In March 2013, we filed a universal shelf registration statement with the SEC for the future sale of an unlimited amount of debt securities, common stock, preferred stock, depositary shares, warrants and rights. The securities may be offered from time to time, separately or together, directly by us, by selling security holders, or through underwriters, dealers or agents at amounts, prices, interest rates and other terms to be determined at the time of the offering. We believe that our current cash balances and net cash expected to be provided by operating activities along with availability under our Credit Facility will be sufficient to meet our anticipated operating requirements for at least the next twelve months.

Cash flows

Cash provided by operating activities for the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 was $271.4 million compared to $134.9 million in the prior year period. This $136.5 million increase was primarily driven by our operating results (net income adjusted for depreciation, amortization and other non-cash charges) which generated $96.8 million of higher cash inflows in addition to a $39.7 million year-over-year decrease in cash used to fund net operating assets needs. The decrease in cash used to fund net operating assets during the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 when compared to the first nine months of fiscal year 2014 was due to lower combined billed and unbilled accounts receivable, net, attributable to the timing of contractual milestones on our larger development programs, as well as a decrease in cash used for inventory, in our commercial networks segment.

Cash used in investing activities for the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 was $366.6 million compared to $280.5 million in the prior year period. The increase in cash used in investing activities reflects an increase of $67.6 million in cash used for the construction of our ViaSat-2 satellite and an increase of $54.1 million in cash used for acquisitions, offset by a $39.8 million decrease in capital expenditures for new CPE units and other general purpose equipment.

Cash provided by financing activities for the first nine months of fiscal year 2015 was $134.7 million compared to $81.2 million for the prior year period. This $53.6 million increase in cash provided by financing activities was primarily related to the $130.0 million in net proceeds from borrowings under our Credit Facility during the first nine of fiscal year 2015 compared to $85.0 million in the prior year period. Cash provided by financing activities for both periods included cash received from stock option exercises and employee stock purchase plan purchases, and cash used for the repurchase of common stock related to net share settlement of certain employee tax liabilities in connection with the vesting of restricted stock unit awards.

Satellite service-related activities

In May 2013, we entered into an agreement to purchase ViaSat-2, our second high-capacity Ka-band satellite, from The Boeing Company (Boeing) at a price of approximately $358.0 million, plus an additional amount for launch support services to be performed by Boeing. The projected total cost of the ViaSat-2 project, including the satellite, launch, insurance and related gateway infrastructure, through satellite launch is estimated to be between $600.0 million to $650.0 million, and will depend on the timing of the gateway infrastructure roll-out. Our total required cash funding may be reduced through various third party agreements, including potential joint service offerings and other strategic partnering arrangements. We believe we have adequate sources of funding for the project, which include our cash on hand, available borrowing capacity and the cash we expect to generate from operations over the next few years. We believe the upcoming launch and roll-out of the ViaSat-2 satellite and related ground infrastructure will impact our financial results in our satellite services segment in future periods, although we expect the relative impact to be less than we experienced in relation to the launch and roll-out of our ViaSat-1 satellite and related ground infrastructure.

We have incurred higher operating costs in connection with the late fiscal year 2012 launch and roll-out of our ViaSat-1 satellite and related ground infrastructure and our Exede broadband services, as well as higher interest expense as we capitalized a lower amount of the interest expense on our outstanding debt in fiscal year 2014 as we were in the early stages of construction of ViaSat-2, our second high-capacity Ka-band satellite. These higher operating costs included costs associated with depreciation, gateway connectivity, subscriber acquisition costs, logistics, customer care and various support systems. These additional operating costs attributed to our Exede service commencement have negatively impacted income from operations during recent fiscal years. As the total number of subscribers of our Exede broadband services has increased over time, the resultant increase in service revenues in our satellite services segment has improved income (loss) from operations for that segment, despite the additional litigation expense we have incurred to protect our proprietary technology, which was resolved in our favor during the second quarter of fiscal year 2015. At

 

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the end of the third quarter of fiscal year 2015, we had approximately 675,000 subscribers, however there can be no assurance that the number of subscribers of our Exede broadband services and service revenues in our satellite services segment will increase in any future period. We also expect to continue to invest in subscriber acquisition costs during fiscal year 2015 as we further expand our subscriber base as well as make additional investments for ViaSat-2.

Credit Facility

As of January 2, 2015, the Credit Facility provided a $500.0 million revolving line of credit (including up to $150.0 million of letters of credit) with a maturity date of November 26, 2018. Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest, at our option, at either (1) the highest of the Federal Funds rate plus 0.50%, the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, or the administrative agent’s prime rate as announced from time to time, or (2) the Eurodollar rate, plus, in the case of each of (1) and (2), an applicable margin that is based on our total leverage ratio. At January 2, 2015, the weighted average effective interest rate on our outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.17%. The Credit Facility is required to be guaranteed by certain significant domestic subsidiaries of ViaSat (as defined in the Credit Facility) and secured by substantially all of our assets. As of January 2, 2015, none of our subsidiaries guaranteed the Credit Facility.

The Credit Facility contains financial covenants regarding a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. In addition, the Credit Facility contains covenants that restrict, among other things, our ability to sell assets, make investments and acquisitions, make capital expenditures, grant liens, pay dividends and make certain other restricted payments.

At January 2, 2015, we had $235.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility and $40.5 million outstanding under standby letters of credit, leaving borrowing availability under the Credit Facility as of January 2, 2015 of $224.5 million.

Senior Notes due 2020

In February 2012, we issued $275.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers, which were exchanged in August 2012 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. These initial 2020 Notes were issued at face value and are recorded as long-term debt in our condensed consolidated financial statements. On October 12, 2012, we issued an additional $300.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers at an issue price of 103.50% of the principal amount, which were exchanged in January 2013 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. The 2020 Notes are all treated as a single class. The 2020 Notes bear interest at the rate of 6.875% per year, payable semi-annually in cash in arrears, which interest payments commenced in June 2012. Debt issuance costs associated with the issuance of the 2020 Notes are amortized to interest expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the 2020 Notes, the results of which are not materially different from the effective interest rate basis. The $10.5 million premium we received in connection with the issuance of the additional 2020 Notes is recorded as long-term debt in our condensed consolidated financial statements and is being amortized as a reduction to interest expense on an effective interest rate basis over the term of those 2020 Notes.

The 2020 Notes are required to be guaranteed on an unsecured senior basis by each of our existing and future subsidiaries that guarantees the Credit Facility. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, the last remaining subsidiary guarantor, ViaSat Communications, Inc., was merged into ViaSat. Accordingly, as of January 2, 2015, none of our subsidiaries guaranteed the 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes are our general senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of our existing and future unsecured unsubordinated debt. The 2020 Notes are effectively junior in right of payment to our existing and future secured debt, including under the Credit Facility (to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt), are structurally subordinated to all existing and future liabilities (including trade payables) of our subsidiaries that do not guarantee the 2020 Notes, and are senior in right of payment to all of our existing and future subordinated indebtedness.

The indenture governing the 2020 Notes limits, among other things, our and our restricted subsidiaries’ ability to: incur, assume or guarantee additional debt; issue redeemable stock and preferred stock; pay dividends, make distributions or redeem or repurchase capital stock; prepay, redeem or repurchase subordinated debt; make loans and investments; grant or incur liens; restrict dividends, loans or asset transfers from restricted subsidiaries; sell or otherwise dispose of assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; reduce our satellite insurance; and consolidate or merge with, or sell substantially all of their assets to, another person.

Prior to June 15, 2015, we may redeem up to 35% of the 2020 Notes at a redemption price of 106.875% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date, from the net cash proceeds of specified equity offerings. We may also redeem the 2020 Notes prior to June 15, 2016, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof plus the applicable premium and any accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date. The applicable premium is calculated as the greater of: (i) 1.0% of the principal amount of such 2020 Notes and (ii) the excess, if any, of (a) the present value at such date of redemption of (1) the redemption price of such 2020 Notes on June 15, 2016 plus (2) all required interest payments due on such 2020 Notes through June 15, 2016 (excluding accrued but unpaid interest to the date of redemption),

 

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computed using a discount rate equal to the treasury rate (as defined under the indenture) plus 50 basis points, over (b) the then-outstanding principal amount of such 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at any time during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2016 at a redemption price of 103.438%, during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2017 at a redemption price of 101.719%, and at any time on or after June 15, 2018 at a redemption price of 100%, in each case plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date.

In the event a change of control occurs (as defined in the indenture), each holder will have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s 2020 Notes at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2020 Notes repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of purchase (subject to the right of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

Contractual Obligations

The following table sets forth a summary of our obligations at January 2, 2015:

 

            For the
Remainder of
Fiscal Year
     For the Fiscal Years Ending  

(In thousands, including interest where applicable)

   Total      2015      2016-2017      2018-2019      Thereafter  

Operating leases and satellite capacity agreements

   $ 205,645       $ 19,751       $ 86,514       $ 40,202       $ 59,178   

2020 Notes

     792,422         —           79,063         79,063         634,296   

Line of credit*

     255,057         1,286         10,248         243,523         —    

Satellite performance incentives

     34,829         785         4,140         4,723         25,181   

Purchase commitments including satellite-related agreements

     575,587         179,317         307,824         51,349         37,097   

Other

     2,013         1,113         600         300         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 1,865,553    $ 202,252    $ 488,389    $ 419,160    $ 755,752   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

* To the extent that the interest rate is variable and ultimate amounts borrowed under the Credit Facility may fluctuate, amounts reflected represent estimated interest payments on our current outstanding balances based on the weighted average effective interest rate at January 2, 2015 until the maturity date in November 2018.

We purchase components from a variety of suppliers and use several subcontractors and contract manufacturers to provide design and manufacturing services for our products. During the normal course of business, we enter into agreements with subcontractors, contract manufacturers and suppliers that either allow them to procure inventory based upon criteria defined by us or that establish the parameters defining our requirements. We have also entered into agreements with suppliers for the construction of our ViaSat-2 satellite, and operations of our satellites. In certain instances, these agreements allow us the option to cancel, reschedule and adjust our requirements based on our business needs prior to firm orders being placed. Consequently, only a portion of our reported purchase commitments arising from these agreements are firm, non-cancelable and unconditional commitments. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources – Satellite service-related activities.”

Our condensed consolidated balance sheets included $41.0 million and $48.9 million of “other liabilities” as of January 2, 2015 and April 4, 2014, respectively, which primarily consisted of the long-term portion of our satellite performance incentives obligation, our long-term warranty obligations, the long-term portion of deferred rent, long-term portion of deferred revenue and long-term deferred income taxes. With the exception of the long-term portion of our satellite performance incentives obligation, these remaining liabilities have been excluded from the above table as the timing and/or the amount of any cash payment is uncertain. See Note 9 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding our income taxes and related tax positions and Note 7 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of our product warranties.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We had no material off-balance sheet arrangements at January 2, 2015 as defined in Regulation S-K Item 303(a)(4) other than as discussed under Contractual Obligations above or disclosed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this report or in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 4, 2014.

Recent Authoritative Guidance

For information regarding recently adopted and issued accounting pronouncements, see Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Interest rate risk

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, short-term and long-term obligations, including the Credit Facility and the 2020 Notes, and foreign currency forward contracts. We consider investments in highly liquid instruments purchased with a remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. As of January 2, 2015, we had $235.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility and $575.0 million in aggregate principal amount outstanding of the 2020 Notes, and we held no short-term investments. Our 2020 Notes bear interest at a fixed rate and therefore our exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to borrowings under our Credit Facility, cash equivalents, short-term investments and short-term obligations.

The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal while at the same time maximizing the income we receive from our investments without significantly increasing risk. To minimize this risk, we maintain a significant portion of our cash balance in money market funds. In general, money market funds are not subject to interest rate risk because the interest paid on such funds fluctuates with the prevailing interest rate. Our cash and cash equivalents earn interest at variable rates. Our interest income has been and may continue to be negatively impacted by low market interest rates. Fixed rate securities may have their fair market value adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. If the underlying weighted average interest rate on our cash and cash equivalents, assuming balances remain constant over a year, changed by 50 basis points, interest income would have increased or decreased by less than $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, respectively. Because our investment policy restricts us to invest in conservative, interest-bearing investments and because our business strategy does not rely on generating material returns from our investment portfolio, we do not expect our market risk exposure on our investment portfolio to be material.

As of January 2, 2015, we had $235.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility. Our primary interest rate under the Credit Facility is the Eurodollar rate plus an applicable margin that is based on our total leverage ratio. At January 2, 2015, the weighted average effective interest rate on our outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.17%. Assuming the outstanding balance remained constant over a year, a 50 basis point increase in the interest rate would increase interest incurred, prior to effects of capitalized interest, by approximately $1.2 million over a twelve-month period.

Foreign exchange risk

We generally conduct our business in U.S. dollars. However, as our international business is conducted in a variety of foreign currencies, we are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Our objective in managing our exposure to foreign currency risk is to reduce earnings and cash flow volatility associated with foreign exchange rate fluctuations. Accordingly, from time to time, we may enter into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate risks associated with foreign currency denominated assets, liabilities, commitments and anticipated foreign currency transactions. As of January 2, 2015, there were no foreign currency forward contracts outstanding.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving the objective that information in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified and pursuant to the requirements of the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

As required by SEC Rule 13a-15(b), we carried out an evaluation, with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of January 2, 2015, the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon the foregoing, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level as of January 2, 2015.

During the period covered by this report, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are involved in a variety of claims, suits, investigations and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims, breach of contract claims, labor and employment claims, tax

 

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and other matters. Although claims, suits, investigations and proceedings are inherently uncertain and their results cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe that the resolution of our current pending matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense costs, diversion of management resources and other factors. In addition, it is possible that an unfavorable resolution of one or more such proceedings could in the future materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in a particular period.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 4, 2014, which factors could materially affect our business, financial condition, liquidity or future results. The risks described in our reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q are not the only risks facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity or future results.

Item 6. Exhibits

The Exhibit Index on page 45 is incorporated herein by reference as the list of exhibits required as part of this report.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    VIASAT, INC.
February 11, 2015    

/s/ M ARK D ANKBERG

    Mark Dankberg
   

Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

   

/s/ S HAWN D UFFY

    Shawn Duffy
    Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit              Incorporated by Reference    Filed
Herewith
 

Number

  

Exhibit Description

   Form    File No.    Exhibit    Filing Date   
31.1    Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002                  X   
31.2    Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002                  X   
32.1    Certifications Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002                  X   
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document                  X   
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema                  X   
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase                  X   
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase                  X   
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase                  X   
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase                  X   

 

45

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT

TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Mark Dankberg, Chief Executive Officer of ViaSat, Inc., certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of ViaSat, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

Date: February 11, 2015  

/ S / M ARK D ANKBERG

  Mark Dankberg
  Chief Executive Officer

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT

TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Shawn Duffy, Chief Financial Officer of ViaSat, Inc., certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of ViaSat, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: February 11, 2015  

/s/ S HAWN D UFFY

  Shawn Duffy
  Chief Financial Officer

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of ViaSat, Inc. (the “Company”) hereby certifies, to such officer’s knowledge, that:

(a) the accompanying quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended January 2, 2015 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(b) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: February 11, 2015  

/s/ M ARK D ANKBERG

  Mark Dankberg
  Chief Executive Officer

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of ViaSat, Inc. (the “Company”) hereby certifies, to such officer’s knowledge, that:

(a) the accompanying quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended January 2, 2015 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(b) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: February 11, 2015  

/s/ S HAWN D UFFY

  Shawn Duffy
  Chief Financial Officer