ViaSat, Inc.
VIASAT INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/13/2013 16:17:49)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended October 4, 2013.

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             .

Commission File Number (000-21767)

 

 

ViaSat, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   33-0174996

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

6155 El Camino Real

Carlsbad, California 92009

(760) 476-2200

(Address of principal executive offices and telephone number)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.0001 par value, as of November 1, 2013 was 45,584,107.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     3   

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

     3   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     4   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     5   

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity

     6   

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     7   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     23   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     41   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     41   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     42   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     42   

Item 6. Exhibits

     42   

Signatures

     43   


Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     As of
October 4, 2013
    As of
March 29, 2013
 
     (In thousands)  
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 67,103      $ 105,738   

Accounts receivable, net

     273,231        266,970   

Inventories

     128,159        106,281   

Deferred income taxes

     25,087        25,065   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     36,958        40,819   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     530,538        544,873   

Satellites, net

     583,830        535,090   

Property and equipment, net

     417,754        378,691   

Other acquired intangible assets, net

     42,608        47,170   

Goodwill

     83,139        83,000   

Other assets

     241,684        205,248   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,899,553      $ 1,794,072   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 125,795      $ 83,009   

Accrued liabilities

     155,954        161,909   

Current portion of other long-term debt

     1,587        2,230   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     283,336        247,148   

Senior notes, net

     584,436        584,993   

Other long-term debt

     35,914        1,456   

Other liabilities

     51,669        52,640   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     955,355        886,237   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

    

Equity:

    

ViaSat, Inc. stockholders’ equity

    

Common stock

     5        4   

Paid-in capital

     750,019        715,115   

Retained earnings

     221,109        221,046   

Common stock held in treasury

     (34,449     (33,770

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     1,949        606   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total ViaSat, Inc. stockholders’ equity

     938,633        903,001   

Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary

     5,565        4,834   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     944,198        907,835   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,899,553      $ 1,794,072   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013     September 28, 2012     October 4, 2013     September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands, except per share data)  

Revenues:

        

Product revenues

   $ 210,391      $ 168,475      $ 392,552      $ 316,204   

Service revenues

     143,490        114,347        282,431        208,381   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     353,881        282,822        674,983        524,585   

Operating expenses:

        

Cost of product revenues

     157,573        121,421        286,987        230,470   

Cost of service revenues

     104,511        95,382        210,404        173,951   

Selling, general and administrative

     73,593        54,079        138,374        110,580   

Independent research and development

     14,918        8,758        29,007        16,127   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     3,796        4,041        7,297        8,105   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income from operations

     (510     (859     2,914        (14,648

Other income (expense):

        

Interest income

     4        45        25        105   

Interest expense

     (9,869     (11,553     (20,032     (23,099
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

     (10,375     (12,367     (17,093     (37,642

Benefit from income taxes

     (12,656     (4,510     (17,887     (15,352
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     2,281        (7,857     794        (22,290

Less: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     384        50        731        37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to ViaSat, Inc.

   $ 1,897      $ (7,907   $ 63      $ (22,327
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

   $ 0.04      $ (0.18   $ 0.00      $ (0.51

Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

   $ 0.04      $ (0.18   $ 0.00      $ (0.51

Shares used in computing basic net income (loss) per share

     45,484        43,615        45,304        43,399   

Shares used in computing diluted net income (loss) per share

     47,067        43,615        46,898        43,399   

Comprehensive income (loss):

        

Net income (loss)

   $ 2,281      $ (7,857   $ 794      $ (22,290

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

        

Unrealized gain on hedging, net of tax

     192        129        269        40   

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax

     1,116        899        1,074        287   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

     1,308        1,028        1,343        327   

Comprehensive income (loss)

     3,589        (6,829     2,137        (21,963
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less: comprehensive income attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     384        50        731        37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to ViaSat, Inc.

   $ 3,205      $ (6,879   $ 1,406      $ (22,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013     September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Cash flows from operating activities:

  

Net income (loss)

   $ 794      $ (22,290

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     77,219        64,359   

Amortization of intangible assets

     12,032        12,034   

Deferred income taxes

     (19,164     (15,407

Stock-based compensation expense

     15,678        12,424   

Loss on disposition of fixed assets

     15,457        4,535   

Other non-cash adjustments

     2,492        2,370   

Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisition:

    

Accounts receivable

     (7,929     (20,515

Inventories

     (18,308     (5,184

Other assets

     3,115        (5,080

Accounts payable

     20,724        5,404   

Accrued liabilities

     454        2,041   

Other liabilities

     190        7,396   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     102,754        42,087   

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Purchase of property, equipment and satellites

     (160,782     (74,652

Cash paid for patents, licenses and other assets

     (21,558     (12,351

Payment related to acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

     (2,400     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (184,740     (87,003

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from revolving credit facility borrowings

     35,000       —    

Payment of debt issuance costs

     —         (2,215

Proceeds from issuance of common stock under equity plans

     10,921        14,055   

Purchase of common stock in treasury

     (679     (2,142

Other

     (1,951     (1,253
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     43,291        8,445   

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     60        6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (38,635     (36,465

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     105,738        172,583   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 67,103      $ 136,118   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

    

Issuance of common stock in satisfaction of certain accrued employee compensation liabilities

   $ 8,018      $ 7,060   

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

    ViaSat, Inc. Stockholders     Noncontrolling
Interest in
Subsidiary
    Total  
    Common Stock                 Common Stock Held
in Treasury
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
     
    Number of
Shares
Issued
    Amount     Paid-in
Capital
    Retained
Earnings
         
            Number of
Shares
    Amount        
    (In thousands, except share data)  

Balance at March 29, 2013

    45,921,793      $ 4      $ 715,115      $ 221,046        (947,607   $ (33,770   $ 606      $ 4,834      $ 907,835   

Exercise of stock options

    380,157        1        8,235        —          —          —          —          —          8,236   

Issuance of stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan

    81,193        —          2,685        —          —          —          —          —          2,685   

Stock-based compensation

    —          —          15,966        —          —          —          —          —          15,966   

Shares issued in settlement of certain accrued employee compensation liabilities

    113,126        —          8,018        —          —          —          —          —          8,018   

RSU awards vesting

    33,222        —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —     

Purchase of treasury shares pursuant to vesting of certain RSU agreements

    —          —          —          —          (9,726     (679     —          —          (679

Net income

    —          —          —          63        —          —          —          731        794   

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

    —          —          —          —          —          —          1,343        —          1,343   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at October 4, 2013

    46,529,491      $ 5      $ 750,019      $ 221,109        (957,333   $ (34,449   $ 1,949      $ 5,565      $ 944,198   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

Note 1 — Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at October 4, 2013, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 and the condensed consolidated statement of equity for the six months ended October 4, 2013 have been prepared by the management of ViaSat, Inc. (also referred to hereafter as the Company or ViaSat), and have not been audited. These financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013 and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s results for the periods presented. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the full year. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of ViaSat, its wholly owned subsidiaries and TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. (TrellisWare), a majority-owned subsidiary. All significant intercompany amounts have been eliminated.

The Company’s fiscal year is the 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Friday closest to March 31 of the specified year. For example, references to fiscal year 2014 refer to the fiscal year ending on April 4, 2014. The Company’s quarters for fiscal year 2014 end on June 28, 2013, October 4, 2013, January 3, 2014 and April 4, 2014. This results in a 53 week fiscal year approximately every four to five years. Fiscal year 2014 is a 53 week year, compared with a 52 week year in fiscal year 2013. As a result of the shift in the fiscal calendar, the second quarter of fiscal year 2014 included an additional week. The Company does not believe that the extra week results in any material impact on its financial results.

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of LonoCloud, Inc. (LonoCloud), an early-stage privately held company. This acquisition was accounted for as a purchase and, accordingly, the condensed consolidated financial statements include the operating results of LonoCloud from the date of acquisition.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the most current and best available information and actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made by management include revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, self-insurance reserves, allowance for doubtful accounts, warranty accruals, valuation of goodwill and other intangible assets, patents, orbital slots and other licenses, software development, property, equipment and satellites, long-lived assets, derivatives, contingencies and income taxes including the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets.

Revenue recognition

A substantial portion of the Company’s revenues is derived from long-term contracts requiring development and delivery of complex equipment built to customer specifications. Sales related to long-term contracts are accounted for under the authoritative guidance for the percentage-of-completion method of accounting (Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 605-35). Sales and earnings under these contracts are recorded either based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to date to total estimated costs expected to be incurred related to the contract, or as products are shipped under the units-of-delivery method. Anticipated losses on contracts are recognized in full in the period in which losses become probable and estimable. Changes in estimates of profit or loss on contracts are included in earnings on a cumulative basis in the period the estimate is changed. During the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the Company recorded losses of approximately $0.6 million and $1.1 million, respectively, related to loss contracts. During the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the Company recorded losses of approximately $1.0 million and $2.4 million, respectively, related to loss contracts.

The Company also derives a substantial portion of its revenues from contracts and purchase orders where revenue is recorded on delivery of products or performance of services in accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition (ASC 605). Under this standard, the Company recognizes revenue when an arrangement exists, prices are determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and the goods or services have been delivered.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

The Company also enters into certain leasing arrangements with customers and evaluates the contracts in accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases (ASC 840). The Company’s accounting for equipment leases involves specific determinations under the authoritative guidance for leases, which often involve complex provisions and significant judgments. In accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases, the Company classifies the transactions as sales type or operating leases based on: (1) review for transfers of ownership of the equipment to the lessee by the end of the lease term, (2) review of the lease terms to determine if it contains an option to purchase the leased equipment for a price which is sufficiently lower than the expected fair value of the equipment at the date of the option, (3) review of the lease term to determine if it is equal to or greater than 75% of the economic life of the equipment, and (4) review of the present value of the minimum lease payments to determine if they are equal to or greater than 90% of the fair market value of the equipment at the inception of the lease. Additionally, the Company considers the cancelability of the contract and any related uncertainty of collections or risk in recoverability of the lease investment at lease inception. Revenue from sales type leases is recognized at the inception of the lease or when the equipment has been delivered and installed at the customer site, if installation is required. Revenues from equipment rentals under operating leases are recognized as earned over the lease term, which is generally on a straight-line basis.

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition for multiple element arrangements, the Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2009-13 (ASU 2009-13), Revenue Recognition (ASC 605) Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, which updates ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition-Multiple element arrangements, of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) codification, for substantially all of the arrangements with multiple deliverables, the Company allocates revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy at the arrangement inception. The selling price for each element is based upon the following selling price hierarchy: vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE are available (a description as to how the Company determines VSOE, TPE and ESP is provided below). If a tangible hardware systems product includes software, the Company determines whether the tangible hardware systems product and the software work together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and, if so, the entire product is treated as a nonsoftware deliverable. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the nonsoftware deliverables using the relative selling prices of each unit based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. Revenue for each separate unit of accounting is recognized when the applicable revenue recognition criteria for each element have been met.

To determine the selling price in multiple-element arrangements, the Company establishes VSOE of the selling price using the price charged for a deliverable when sold separately and for software license updates, product support and hardware systems support, based on the renewal rates offered to customers. For nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements, TPE is established by evaluating similar and/or interchangeable competitor products or services in standalone arrangements with similarly situated customers and/or agreements. If the Company is unable to determine the selling price because VSOE or TPE doesn’t exist, the Company determines ESP for the purposes of allocating the arrangement by reviewing historical transactions, including transactions whereby the deliverable was sold on a standalone basis and considers several other external and internal factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices including discounting, margin objectives, competition, the geographies in which the Company offers its products and services, the type of customer (i.e., distributor, value added reseller, government agency or direct end user, among others) and the stage of the product lifecycle. The determination of ESP considers the Company’s pricing model and go-to-market strategy. As the Company, or its competitors’, pricing and go-to-market strategies evolve, the Company may modify its pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes to its determination of VSOE, TPE and ESP. As a result, the Company’s future revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements could differ materially from those in the current period.

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for shipping and handling fees and costs (ASC 605-45), the Company records shipping and handling costs billed to customers as a component of revenues, and shipping and handling costs incurred by the Company for inbound and outbound freight as a component of cost of revenues.

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues represent cash collected from customers in advance of revenue recognition and are recorded in accrued liabilities for obligations within the next twelve months. Amounts for obligations extending beyond twelve months are recorded within other liabilities in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Contract costs on U.S. government contracts are subject to audit and review by the Defense Contracting Management Agency (DCMA), the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), and other U.S. government agencies, as well as negotiations with U.S. government representatives. The Company’s incurred cost audits by the DCAA have not been completed for fiscal year 2004 and subsequent fiscal years. Although the Company has recorded contract revenues subsequent to fiscal year 2003 based upon an estimate of costs that the Company believes will be approved upon final audit or review, the Company does not know the outcome of any ongoing or future audits or reviews and adjustments, and if future adjustments exceed the Company’s estimates, its profitability would be adversely affected. As of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, the Company had $7.3 million and $7.2 million, respectively, in contract-related reserves for its estimate of potential refunds to customers for potential cost adjustments on several multi-year U.S. government cost reimbursable contracts (see Note 8).

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Advertising costs

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for advertising costs (ASC 720-35), advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising expenses for the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 were $6.2 million and $6.0 million, respectively, and for the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 were $9.1 million and $11.5 million, respectively.

Commissions

The Company compensates third parties based on specific commission programs directly related to certain product and service sales and these commissions costs are expensed as incurred.

Property, equipment and satellites

Satellites and other property and equipment are recorded at cost or, in the case of certain satellites and other property acquired, the fair value at the date of acquisition, net of accumulated depreciation. Capitalized satellite costs consist primarily of the costs of satellite construction and launch, including launch insurance and insurance during the period of in-orbit testing, the net present value of performance incentives expected to be payable to satellite manufacturers (dependent on the continued satisfactory performance of the satellites), costs directly associated with the monitoring and support of satellite construction, and interest costs incurred during the period of satellite construction. The Company also constructs gateway facilities, network operations systems and other assets to support its satellites, and those construction costs, including interest, are capitalized as incurred. At the time satellites are placed in service, the Company estimates the useful life of its satellites for depreciation purposes based upon an analysis of each satellite’s performance against the original manufacturer’s orbital design life, estimated fuel levels and related consumption rates, as well as historical satellite operating trends. The Company computes depreciation using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets ranging from two to twenty-four years. Leasehold improvements are capitalized and amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the lease term or the life of the improvement. Costs incurred for additions to property, equipment and satellites, together with major renewals and betterments, are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining life of the underlying asset. Costs incurred for maintenance, repairs and minor renewals and betterments are charged to expense as incurred. When assets are sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in operations.

Interest expense is capitalized on the carrying value of assets under construction, in accordance with the authoritative guidance for the capitalization of interest (ASC 835-20). During the three and six months ended October 4, 2013, the Company capitalized $2.0 million and $2.9 million of interest expense, respectively, with respect to assets under construction. During the three and six months ended September 28, 2012, the Company capitalized $0.8 million and $1.6 million of interest expense, respectively, with respect to assets under construction.

The Company owns two satellites: ViaSat-1 (its high-capacity Ka-band spot-beam satellite, which was placed into service in January 2012) and WildBlue-1 (which was placed into service in March 2007). During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, the Company announced the entry into a satellite construction contract for ViaSat-2, a second high-capacity Ka-band satellite. In addition, the Company has an exclusive prepaid lifetime capital lease of Ka-band capacity over the continental United States on Telesat Canada’s Anik F2 satellite (which was placed into service in April 2005) and owns related gateway and networking equipment for all of its satellites. The Company periodically reviews the remaining estimated useful life of its satellites to determine if revisions to estimated lives are necessary. The Company procured indoor and outdoor customer premise equipment (CPE) units leased to subscribers under a retail leasing program as part of the Company’s satellite services segment, which are reflected in investing activities and property and equipment in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company depreciates the satellites, gateway and networking equipment, CPE units and related installation costs over their estimated useful lives. The total cost and accumulated depreciation of CPE units included in property and equipment, net, as of October 4, 2013 were $206.8 million and $66.1 million, respectively. The total cost and accumulated depreciation of CPE units included in property and equipment, net, as of March 29, 2013 were $170.9 million and $51.5 million, respectively.

Occasionally, the Company may enter into capital lease arrangements for various machinery, equipment, computer-related equipment, software, furniture or fixtures. The Company records amortization of assets leased under capital lease arrangements within depreciation expense.

Patents, orbital slots and other licenses

The Company capitalizes the costs of obtaining or acquiring patents, orbital slots and other licenses. Amortization of intangible assets that have finite lives is provided for by the straight-line method over the shorter of the legal or estimated economic life. As of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, the Company had $3.2 million of capitalized costs related to patents included in other assets. As of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, the Company had $13.5 million and $8.6 million, respectively, of capitalized costs related to

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

acquiring and obtaining orbital slots and other licenses included in other assets. Accumulated amortization related to these assets was approximately $0.8 million and $0.7 million as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively. Amortization expense related to these assets was an insignificant amount for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012. If a patent, orbital slot or orbital license is rejected, abandoned or otherwise invalidated, the unamortized cost is expensed in that period. During the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the Company did not write off any significant costs due to abandonment or impairment.

Debt issuance costs

Debt issuance costs are amortized and recognized as interest expense on a straight-line basis over the expected term of the related debt, the results of which are not materially different from the effective interest rate basis. During the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and the three months ended September 28, 2012, no amounts were paid or capitalized for debt issuance costs. During the six months ended September 28, 2012, the Company paid and capitalized debt issuance costs of approximately $2.2 million. Unamortized debt issuance costs related to extinguished debt are expensed at the time the debt is extinguished and recorded in loss on extinguishment of debt in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Other unamortized debt issuance costs are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets and in other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets, depending on the amounts expected to be amortized to interest expense within the next twelve months.

Software development

Costs of developing software for sale are charged to research and development expense when incurred, until technological feasibility has been established. Software development costs incurred from the time technological feasibility is reached until the product is available for general release to customers are capitalized and reported at the lower of unamortized cost or net realizable value. Once the product is available for general release, the software development costs are amortized based on the ratio of current to future revenue for each product with an annual minimum equal to straight-line amortization over the remaining estimated economic life of the product, generally within five years. Capitalized costs, net, of $72.9 million and $60.6 million related to software developed for resale were included in other assets as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively. The Company capitalized $10.5 million and $16.9 million of costs related to software developed for resale for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013, respectively. The Company capitalized $6.1 million and $12.5 million of costs related to software developed for resale for the three and six months ended September 28, 2012, respectively. Amortization expense for software development costs was $2.2 million and $4.6 million for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013, respectively, and $2.3 million and $3.8 million for the three and six months ended September 28, 2012, respectively.

Self-insurance liabilities

The Company has self-insurance plans to retain a portion of the exposure for losses related to employee medical benefits and workers’ compensation. The self-insurance plans include policies which provide for both specific and aggregate stop-loss limits. The Company utilizes internal actuarial methods as well as other historical information for the purpose of estimating ultimate costs for a particular plan year. Based on these actuarial methods, along with currently available information and insurance industry statistics, the Company has recorded self-insurance liability for its plans of $2.9 million and $2.3 million as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively. The Company’s estimate, which is subject to inherent variability, is based on average claims experience in the Company’s industry and its own experience in terms of frequency and severity of claims, including asserted and unasserted claims incurred but not reported, with no explicit provision for adverse fluctuation from year to year. This variability may lead to ultimate payments being either greater or less than the amounts presented above. Self-insurance liabilities have been classified as a current liability in accrued liabilities in accordance with the estimated timing of the projected payments.

Indemnification provisions

In the ordinary course of business, the Company includes indemnification provisions in certain of its contracts, generally relating to parties with which the Company has commercial relations. Pursuant to these agreements, the Company will indemnify, hold harmless and agree to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party, including but not limited to losses relating to third-party intellectual property claims. To date, there have not been any material costs incurred in connection with such indemnification clauses. The Company’s insurance policies do not necessarily cover the cost of defending indemnification claims or providing indemnification, so if a claim was filed against the Company by any party that the Company has agreed to indemnify, the Company could incur substantial legal costs and damages. A claim would be accrued when a loss is considered probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. At October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, no such amounts were accrued related to the aforementioned provisions.

Noncontrolling interest

A noncontrolling interest represents the equity interest in a subsidiary that is not attributable, either directly or indirectly, to the Company and is reported as equity of the Company, separately from the Company’s controlling interest. Revenues, expenses, gains, losses, net income (loss) and other comprehensive income (loss) are reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements at the consolidated amounts, which include the amounts attributable to both the controlling and noncontrolling interest.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Common stock held in treasury

During the first six months of fiscal years 2014 and 2013, the Company issued 33,222 and 137,979 shares of common stock, respectively, based on the vesting terms of certain restricted stock unit agreements. In order for employees to satisfy minimum statutory employee tax withholding requirements related to the issuance of common stock underlying these restricted stock unit agreements, the Company repurchased 9,726 and 50,983 shares of common stock with a total value of $0.7 million and $2.1 million during the first six months of fiscal years 2014 and 2013, respectively. Repurchased shares of common stock of 957,333 and 947,607 were held in treasury as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively.

Derivatives

The Company enters into foreign currency forward and option contracts from time to time to hedge certain forecasted foreign currency transactions. Gains and losses arising from foreign currency forward and option contracts not designated as hedging instruments are recorded in other income (expense) as gains (losses) on derivative instruments. Gains and losses arising from the effective portion of foreign currency forward and option contracts which are designated as cash-flow hedging instruments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as unrealized gains (losses) on derivative instruments until the underlying transaction affects the Company’s earnings, at which time they are then recorded in the same income statement line as the underlying transaction.

During the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the Company settled certain foreign exchange contracts and in connection therewith recognized a loss of less than $0.1 million and $0.5 million, respectively, recorded in cost of revenues based on the nature of the underlying transactions. During the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the Company settled certain foreign exchange contracts and in connection therewith recognized a loss of less than $0.1 million and $0.6 million, respectively, recorded in cost of revenues based on the nature of the underlying transactions. The fair value of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts was an other current asset of $0.1 million and an accrued liability of $0.3 million at October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively. The notional value of foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013 was $9.2 million and $7.0 million, respectively.

At October 4, 2013, the estimated net amount of unrealized gains or losses related to foreign currency forward contracts that was expected to be reclassified to earnings within the next twelve months was approximately $0.1 million. The Company’s foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of October 4, 2013 will mature within one to twenty-three months from their inception. There were no gains or losses from ineffectiveness of these derivative instruments recorded for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012.

Stock-based compensation

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for share-based payments (ASC 718), the Company measures stock-based compensation cost at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and recognizes expense on a straight-line basis over the employee’s requisite service period. Stock-based compensation expense is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 only for those awards ultimately expected to vest, with forfeitures estimated at the date of grant. The authoritative guidance for share-based payments requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company recognized $8.2 million and $15.7 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013, respectively, and $5.8 million and $12.4 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended September 28, 2012, respectively.

For the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, the Company recorded no incremental tax benefits from stock options exercised and restricted stock unit awards vesting as the excess tax benefit from stock options exercised and restricted stock unit awards vesting increased the Company’s net operating loss carryforward.

Income taxes

Accruals for uncertain tax positions are provided for in accordance with the authoritative guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes (ASC 740). The Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The authoritative guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes also provides guidance on derecognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and income tax disclosures. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest expense and penalties related to income tax matters as a component of income tax expense.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Current income tax expense is the amount of income taxes expected to be payable for the current fiscal year. A deferred income tax asset or liability is established for the expected future tax consequences resulting from differences in the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax credit and loss carryforwards. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred income tax expense (benefit) is the net change during the year in the deferred income tax asset or liability.

The Company’s analysis of the need for a valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets considered the net income generated during the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and the net losses incurred during both the three months ended June 28, 2013 and the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013. The cumulative loss from fiscal year 2013 and the three months ended June 28, 2013 was more significant than the income from the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and a substantial portion of such loss resulted from an extinguishment of debt charge that was recorded upon the refinancing of the Company’s former 8.875% Senior Notes due 2016 (2016 Notes) with the proceeds from the issuance of additional 6.875% Senior Notes due 2020 (2020 Notes), which provides a benefit to net income due to the lower interest rate of the 2020 Notes. The Company’s evaluation considered other factors, including the Company’s history of positive earnings, current earnings trends as the Company’s satellite subscriber base scales on its recently launched satellite, ViaSat-1, taxable income adjusted for certain items, the Company’s large contractual backlog, and forecasted income by jurisdiction. In the conclusion, consideration was also given to the lengthy period over which these net deferred tax assets can be realized, and the Company’s history of not having federal tax loss carryforwards expire unused. The Company evaluated its valuation allowance on state net operating loss carryforwards after the merger of ViaSat Communications, Inc. into ViaSat during the second quarter of fiscal year 2014. As a result $3.7 million of the valuation allowance on state net operating loss carryforwards was released during the three months ended October 4, 2013.

Recent authoritative guidance

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-11, Balance Sheet (ASC 210): Disclosures about offsetting Assets and Liabilities. The new authoritative guidance requires an entity to disclose information about offsetting and related arrangements to enable users of its financial statements to evaluate the effect or potential effect of netting arrangements on an entity’s financial position, including the effect or potential effect of rights of setoff associated with certain financial instruments and derivative instruments in the scope of this authoritative guidance. This authoritative guidance became effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2014 and has been applied retrospectively for all comparative periods presented. Adoption of this authoritative guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU 2012-02, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (ASC 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment. The new authoritative guidance simplifies the requirements for testing for indefinite-lived intangible assets other than goodwill and permits an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform a quantitative fair value test. The guidance is effective for the Company for annual and, if any, interim impairment tests during the current fiscal year. Adoption of this standard will not have a material impact on the Company or its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (ASC 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. ASU 2013-02 requires an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income. The guidance, which became effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, required changes in presentation only and the adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures. The Company considers information related to rollforward amounts and amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to be insignificant and therefore immaterial for separate disclosures.

In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05, Foreign Currency Matters (ASC 830): Parent’s Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity. ASU 2013-05 clarifies that the cumulative translation adjustment should be released into net income only when a reporting entity ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or a business within a foreign entity. Further, for an equity method investment that is a foreign entity, a pro rata portion of the cumulative translation adjustment should be released into net income upon a partial sale of such an equity method investment. These amendments are to be applied prospectively to derecognition events occurring after the effective date. This guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 and the adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Income Taxes (ASC 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists . ASU 2013-11 requires the netting of unrecognized tax benefits against available deferred tax assets for losses and other carryforward benefits that would be available to offset the liability for uncertain tax positions rather than presenting the unrecognized tax benefits on a gross basis. This guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 and the adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 2 — Composition of Certain Balance Sheet Captions

 

     As of
October 4, 2013
    As of
March 29, 2013
 
     (In thousands)  

Accounts receivable, net:

    

Billed

   $ 129,725      $ 134,206   

Unbilled

     145,528        134,198   

Allowance for doubtful accounts

     (2,022     (1,434
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 273,231      $ 266,970   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Inventories:

    

Raw materials

   $ 43,461      $ 40,308   

Work in process

     20,898        21,298   

Finished goods

     63,800        44,675   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 128,159      $ 106,281   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets:

    

Prepaid expenses

   $ 33,828      $ 34,257   

Other

     3,130        6,562   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 36,958      $ 40,819   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Satellites, net:

    

Satellite — WildBlue-1 (estimated useful life of 10 years)

   $ 195,890      $ 195,890   

Capital lease of satellite capacity — Anik F2 (estimated useful life of 10 years)

     99,090        99,090   

Satellite — ViaSat-1 (estimated useful life of 17 years)

     363,204        363,204   

Satellite — ViaSat-2 (under construction)

     74,653        —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     732,837        658,184   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (149,007     (123,094
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 583,830      $ 535,090   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net:

    

Machinery and equipment (estimated useful life of 2-5 years)

   $ 236,043      $ 226,884   

Computer equipment and software (estimated useful life of 2-7 years)

     171,523        154,202   

CPE leased equipment (estimated useful life of 3-5 years)

     206,818        170,934   

Furniture and fixtures (estimated useful life of 7 years)

     18,006        15,716   

Leasehold improvements (estimated useful life of 2-17 years)

     60,357        57,691   

Building (estimated useful life of 24 years)

     8,923        8,923   

Land held for sale

     2,846        2,846   

Land

     1,260        1,260   

Construction in progress

     26,344        23,025   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     732,120        661,481   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (314,366     (282,790
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 417,754      $ 378,691   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other acquired intangible assets, net:

    

Technology (weighted average useful life of 6 years)

   $ 56,819      $ 53,714   

Contracts and customer relationships (weighted average useful life of 7 years)

     88,797        88,651   

Satellite co-location rights (weighted average useful life of 9 years)

     8,600        8,600   

Trade name (weighted average useful life of 3 years)

     5,680        5,680   

Other (weighted average useful life of 9 years)

     6,312        6,287   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     166,208        162,932   

Less accumulated amortization

     (123,600     (115,762
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 42,608      $ 47,170   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Other assets:

     

Capitalized software costs, net

   $ 72,862       $ 60,596   

Patents, orbital slots and other licenses, net

     15,900         11,100   

Deferred income taxes

     116,576         97,238   

Other

     36,346         36,314   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 241,684       $ 205,248   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accrued liabilities:

     

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues

   $ 65,388       $ 65,822   

Accrued employee compensation

     12,374         23,925   

Accrued vacation

     20,099         19,252   

Warranty reserve, current portion

     10,200         8,840   

Other

     47,893         44,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 155,954       $ 161,909   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other liabilities:

     

Deferred revenue, long-term portion

   $ 14,111       $ 15,360   

Deferred rent, long-term portion

     9,245         8,964   

Warranty reserve, long-term portion

     5,712         5,267   

Deferred income taxes, long-term portion

     1,379         1,547   

Unrecognized tax position liabilities

     493         493   

Satellite performance incentives obligation, long-term portion

     20,729         21,009   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 51,669       $ 52,640   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 3 — Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (ASC 820), the Company prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value from market-based assumptions to entity specific assumptions:

 

   

Level 1 — Inputs based on quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets at the measurement date.

 

   

Level 2 — Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

   

Level 3 — Inputs which reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. The inputs are unobservable in the market and significant to the instruments valuation.

The following tables present the Company’s hierarchy for its assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013:

 

     Fair Value as of
October 4, 2013
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     (In thousands)  

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

   $ 1,086       $ 1,086       $ —        $ —    

Foreign currency forward contracts

     122         —          122         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis

   $ 1,208       $ 1,086       $ 122      $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Fair Value as of
March 29, 2013
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     (In thousands)  

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

   $ 47,427       $ 47,427       $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis

   $ 47,427       $ 47,427       $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Foreign currency forward contracts

   $ 318       $ —        $ 318       $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis

   $ 318       $ —        $ 318       $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following section describes the valuation methodologies the Company uses to measure financial instruments at fair value:

Cash equivalents — The Company’s cash equivalents consist of money market funds. Money market funds are valued using quoted prices for identical assets in an active market with sufficient volume and frequency of transactions (Level 1).

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Foreign currency forward contracts — The Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage foreign currency risk relating to foreign exchange rates. The Company does not use these instruments for speculative or trading purposes. The Company’s objective is to reduce the risk to earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Derivative instruments are recognized as either assets or liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and are measured at fair value. Gains and losses resulting from changes in the fair values of those derivative instruments are recorded to earnings or other comprehensive income (loss) depending on the use of the derivative instrument and whether it qualifies for hedge accounting. The Company’s foreign currency forward contracts are valued using standard calculations/models that are primarily based on observable inputs, such as foreign currency exchange rates, or can be corroborated by observable market data (Level 2).

Long-term debt — The Company’s long-term debt consists of borrowings under its revolving credit facility (the Credit Facility) and $575.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2020 Notes reported at amortized cost. However, for disclosure purposes, the Company is required to measure the fair value of outstanding debt on a recurring basis. As of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, the fair value of the Company’s 2020 Notes was determined using quoted prices in active markets for identical liabilities (Level 1) and was approximately $595.8 million and $616.7 million, respectively. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt related to the Credit Facility approximates its carrying amount due to the variable interest rate on the revolving line of credit, which approximates a market interest rate.

Satellite performance incentives obligation — The Company’s contract with the manufacturer of ViaSat-1 requires the Company to make monthly in-orbit satellite performance incentive payments, including interest at 7.0%, over a fifteen-year period from December 2011 to December 2026, subject to the continued satisfactory performance of the satellite. The Company recorded the net present value of these expected future payments as a liability and as a component of the cost of the satellite. However, for disclosure purposes, the Company is required to measure the fair value of outstanding satellite performance incentives on a recurring basis. The fair value of the Company’s outstanding satellite performance incentives is estimated to approximate their carrying value based on current rates (Level 2). As of each of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, the Company’s estimated satellite performance incentives obligation and accrued interest was $22.7 million.

Note 4 — Shares Used In Computing Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Share

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012      October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Weighted average:

           

Common shares outstanding used in calculating basic net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

     45,484         43,615         45,304         43,399   

Options to purchase common stock as determined by application of the treasury stock method

     831        —          838        —    

Restricted stock units to acquire common stock as determined by application of the treasury stock method

     696        —          635        —    

Potentially issuable shares in connection with certain terms of the amended ViaSat 401(k) Profit Sharing Plan and Employee Stock Purchase Plan equivalents

     56        —          121        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Shares used in computing diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders

     47,067         43,615         46,898         43,399   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Antidilutive shares relating to stock options excluded from the calculation for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 were 14,204 and 52,603 shares, respectively. Antidilutive shares relating to restricted stock units excluded from the calculation for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 were zero and 41,028 shares, respectively. The weighted average number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders is the same for both the three and six months ended September 28, 2012, as the Company incurred a net loss attributable to ViaSat, Inc. common stockholders for the three and six months ended September 28, 2012 and inclusion of common share equivalents would be antidilutive. Common share equivalents excluded from the calculation for the three months ended September 28, 2012 were 1,566,615 shares relating to stock options, 367,833 shares relating to restricted stock units and 97,738 shares relating to certain terms of the amended ViaSat 401(k) Profit Sharing Plan and Employee Stock Purchase Plan. Common share equivalents excluded from the calculation for the six months ended September 28, 2012 were 1,628,482 shares relating to stock options, 357,005 shares relating to restricted stock units and 170,920 shares relating to certain terms of the amended ViaSat 401(k) Profit Sharing Plan and Employee Stock Purchase Plan.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 5 — Goodwill and Acquired Intangible Assets

During the first six months of fiscal year 2014, the Company’s goodwill increased by approximately $0.1 million related to the effects of foreign currency translation recorded within the Company’s government systems and commercial networks segments. Other acquired intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives of three to ten years. Amortization expense related to other acquired intangible assets was $3.8 million and $4.0 million for the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively, and $7.3 million and $8.1 million for the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively.

The expected amortization expense of amortizable acquired intangible assets may change due to the effects of foreign currency fluctuations as a result of international businesses acquired. Current and expected amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for each of the following periods is as follows:

 

     Amortization  
     (In thousands)  

For the six months ended October 4, 2013

   $ 7,297   

Expected for the remainder of fiscal year 2014

   $ 7,306   

Expected for fiscal year 2015

     14,613   

Expected for fiscal year 2016

     11,007   

Expected for fiscal year 2017

     4,663   

Expected for fiscal year 2018

     3,611   

Thereafter

     1,408   
  

 

 

 
   $ 42,608   
  

 

 

 

Note 6 — Senior Notes and Other Long-Term Debt

Total long-term debt consisted of the following as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013:

 

     As of
October 4, 2013
     As of
March 29, 2013
 
     (In thousands)  

Senior Notes

     

2020 Notes

   $ 575,000       $ 575,000   

Unamortized premium on the 2020 Notes

     9,436         9,993   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total senior notes, net of premium

     584,436         584,993   

Less: current portion of the senior notes

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total senior notes long-term, net

     584,436         584,993   

Other Long-Term Debt

     

Revolving credit facility

     35,000         —     

Other

     2,501         3,686   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other long-term debt

     37,501         3,686   

Less: current portion of other long-term debt

     1,587         2,230   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other long-term debt, net

     35,914         1,456   

Total debt

     621,937         588,679   

Less: current portion

     1,587         2,230   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

   $ 620,350       $ 586,449   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Credit Facility

As of October 4, 2013, the Company’s Credit Facility, as amended, provided a revolving line of credit of $325.0 million (including up to $50.0 million of letters of credit), with a maturity date of May 9, 2017. Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest, at the Company’s option, at either (1) the highest of the Federal Funds rate plus 0.50%, the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, or the administrative agent’s prime rate as announced from time to time, or (2) the Eurodollar rate, plus, in the case of each of (1) and (2), an applicable margin that is based on the Company’s total leverage ratio. At October 4, 2013, the weighted average effective interest rate on the Company’s outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.94%. The Company has capitalized certain amounts of interest expense on the Credit Facility in connection with the construction of various assets during the construction period. The Credit Facility is required to be guaranteed by certain significant domestic subsidiaries of the Company (as defined in the Credit Facility) and secured by substantially all of the Company’s and any such subsidiaries’ assets. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, the last remaining subsidiary guarantor, ViaSat Communications, Inc., was merged into the Company. Accordingly, as of October 4, 2013, none of the Company’s subsidiaries guaranteed the Credit Facility.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

The Credit Facility contains financial covenants regarding a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. In addition, the Credit Facility contains covenants that restrict, among other things, the Company’s ability to sell assets, make investments and acquisitions, make capital expenditures, grant liens, pay dividends and make certain other restricted payments.

The Company was in compliance with its financial covenants under the Credit Facility as of October 4, 2013. At October 4, 2013, the Company had $35.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility and $38.7 million outstanding under standby letters of credit, leaving borrowing availability under the Credit Facility as of October 4, 2013 of $251.3 million.

Senior Notes due 2020

In February 2012, the Company issued $275.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers, which were exchanged in August 2012 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. These initial 2020 Notes were issued at face value and are recorded as long-term debt in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. On October 12, 2012, the Company issued an additional $300.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers at an issue price of 103.50% of the principal amount, which were exchanged in January 2013 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. The 2020 Notes are all treated as a single class. The 2020 Notes bear interest at the rate of 6.875% per year, payable semi-annually in cash in arrears, which interest payments commenced in June 2012. Deferred financing cost associated with the issuance of the 2020 Notes is amortized to interest expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the 2020 Notes, the results of which are not materially different from the effective interest rate basis. The $10.5 million premium the Company received in connection with the issuance of the additional 2020 Notes is recorded as long-term debt in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and is being amortized as a reduction to interest expense on an effective interest rate basis over the term of those 2020 Notes.

The 2020 Notes are required to be guaranteed on an unsecured senior basis by each of the Company’s existing and future subsidiaries that guarantees the Credit Facility. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, the last remaining subsidiary guarantor, ViaSat Communications, Inc., was merged into the Company. Accordingly, as of October 4, 2013, none of the Company’s subsidiaries guaranteed the 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes are the Company’s general senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of the Company’s existing and future unsecured unsubordinated debt. The 2020 Notes are effectively junior in right of payment to the Company’s existing and future secured debt, including under the Credit Facility (to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt), are structurally subordinated to all existing and future liabilities (including trade payables) of the Company’s subsidiaries that do not guarantee the 2020 Notes, and are senior in right of payment to all of their existing and future subordinated indebtedness.

The indenture governing the 2020 Notes limits, among other things, the Company’s and its restricted subsidiaries’ ability to: incur, assume or guarantee additional debt; issue redeemable stock and preferred stock; pay dividends, make distributions or redeem or repurchase capital stock; prepay, redeem or repurchase subordinated debt; make loans and investments; grant or incur liens; restrict dividends, loans or asset transfers from restricted subsidiaries; sell or otherwise dispose of assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; reduce the Company’s satellite insurance; and consolidate or merge with, or sell substantially all of their assets to, another person.

Prior to June 15, 2015, the Company may redeem up to 35% of the 2020 Notes at a redemption price of 106.875% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date, from the net cash proceeds of specified equity offerings. The Company may also redeem the 2020 Notes prior to June 15, 2016, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof plus the applicable premium and any accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date. The applicable premium is calculated as the greater of: (i) 1.0% of the principal amount of such 2020 Notes and (ii) the excess, if any, of (a) the present value at such date of redemption of (1) the redemption price of such 2020 Notes on June 15, 2016 plus (2) all required interest payments due on such 2020 Notes through June 15, 2016 (excluding accrued but unpaid interest to the date of redemption), computed using a discount rate equal to the treasury rate (as defined under the indenture) plus 50 basis points, over (b) the then-outstanding principal amount of such 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at any time during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2016 at a redemption price of 103.438%, during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2017 at a redemption price of 101.719%, and at any time on or after June 15, 2018 at a redemption price of 100%, in each case plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date.

In the event a change of control occurs (as defined in the indenture), each holder will have the right to require the Company to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s 2020 Notes at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2020 Notes repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of purchase (subject to the right of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 7 — Product Warranty

The Company provides limited warranties on its products for periods of up to five years. The Company records a liability for its warranty obligations when products are shipped or they are included in long-term construction contracts based upon an estimate of expected warranty costs. Amounts expected to be incurred within twelve months are classified as a current liability. For mature products, the warranty cost estimates are based on historical experience with the particular product. For newer products that do not have a history of warranty cost, the Company bases its estimates on its experience with the technology involved and the type of failures that may occur. It is possible that the Company’s underlying assumptions will not reflect the actual experience and in that case, future adjustments will be made to the recorded warranty obligation. The following table reflects the change in the Company’s warranty accrual during the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012:

 

     Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013     September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 14,107      $ 11,651   

Change in liability for warranties issued in period

     4,957        4,383   

Settlements made (in cash or in kind) during the period

     (3,152     (2,632
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 15,912      $ 13,402   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Note 8 — Commitments and Contingencies

In May 2013, the Company entered into an agreement with The Boeing Company (Boeing) to purchase ViaSat-2, the Company’s second high-capacity Ka-band satellite, at a price of approximately $358.0 million, plus an additional amount for launch support services to be performed by Boeing.

In February 2012, the Company filed a complaint against Space Systems/Loral, Inc. (SS/L) and its former parent company Loral Space & Communications, Inc. (Loral) in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California for patent infringement and breach of contract relating to the manufacture of ViaSat-1. The Company alleges, among other things, that SS/L and Loral infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 8,107,875, 8,010,043, 8,068,827 and 7,773,942 by making, using, offering to sell and/or selling other high-capacity broadband satellites, and has requested monetary damages, injunctive relief and other remedies. In June 2012, SS/L filed counterclaims against the Company for patent infringement and declaratory relief. Specifically, SS/L seeks a judicial declaration that SS/L did not breach the parties’ contract for the manufacture of ViaSat-1, that SS/L does not infringe the Company’s patents described above, and that those patents are invalid and/or unenforceable. SS/L also alleges that the Company infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 6,879,808, 6,400,696 and 7,219,132 by providing broadband internet service by means of the Anik F2 satellite using ViaSat satellite gateways and satellite user terminals and has induced others to infringe by selling certain ground equipment and user terminals.

On September 5, 2013, the Company filed a complaint against SS/L in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California for patent infringement relating to SS/L’s continued use of ViaSat’s patented technology in the manufacture of high-capacity broadband satellites. The Company alleges, among other things, that SS/L infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 8,213,929, 8,254,832 and 8,285,202 by making, using, offering to sell and/or selling other high-capacity broadband satellites. The Company has requested monetary damages, injunctive relief and other remedies.

The Company is involved in a variety of claims, suits, investigations and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims, breach of contract claims, labor and employment claims, tax and other matters. Although claims, suits, investigations and proceedings are inherently uncertain and their results cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company believes that the resolution of its current pending matters will not have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

The Company has contracts with various U.S. government agencies. Accordingly, the Company is routinely subject to audit and review by the DCMA, the DCAA and other U.S. government agencies of its performance on government contracts, indirect rates and pricing practices, accounting and management internal control business systems, and compliance with applicable contracting and procurement laws, regulations and standards. An adverse outcome to a review or audit or other failure to comply with applicable contracting and procurement laws, regulations and standards could result in material civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions being imposed on the Company, which may include termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, triggering of price reduction clauses, suspension of payments, significant customer refunds, fines and suspension, or a prohibition on doing business with U.S. government agencies. In addition, if the Company fails to obtain an “adequate” determination of its various accounting and management internal control business systems from applicable U.S. government agencies or if allegations of impropriety are made against it, the Company could suffer serious harm to its business or its reputation, including its ability to bid on new contracts or receive contract renewals and its competitive position in the bidding process. The Company’s incurred cost audits by the DCAA have

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

not been completed for fiscal year 2004 and subsequent fiscal years. Although the Company has recorded contract revenues subsequent to fiscal year 2003 based upon an estimate of costs that the Company believes will be approved upon final audit or review, the Company does not know the outcome of any ongoing or future audits or reviews and adjustments, and if future adjustments exceed the Company’s estimates, its profitability would be adversely affected. As of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, the Company had $7.3 million and $7.2 million, respectively, in contract-related reserves for its estimate of potential refunds to customers for potential cost adjustments on several multi-year U.S. government cost reimbursable contracts. This reserve is classified as either an element of accrued liabilities or as a reduction of unbilled accounts receivable based on status of the related contracts.

Note 9 — Income Taxes

The Company currently estimates its annual effective income tax benefit rate to be approximately 80.0% for fiscal year 2014. The estimated annual effective income tax benefit rate differs from the expected statutory rate primarily due to federal and state research and development tax credits. The income tax benefit rate recorded for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 exceeded the estimated annual income tax benefit rate primarily due to the release of a valuation allowance of $3.7 million on state net operating loss carryforwards. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was enacted on January 2, 2013. This legislation retroactively reinstated and extended the federal research and development tax credit through December 31, 2013. If the federal research and development tax credit is extended through the end of fiscal year 2014, the Company may have a higher annual effective tax benefit rate for fiscal year 2014, and the amount of any such tax rate reduction will depend on the effective date of any such extension, the terms of the extension, as well as the amount of eligible research and development expenses in the extended period.

Future realization of the existing deferred tax asset ultimately depends on future profitability and the existence of sufficient taxable income of appropriate character (for example, ordinary income versus capital gains) within the carryforward period available under tax law. In the event that the Company’s estimate of taxable income is less than that required to utilize the full amount of any deferred tax asset, a valuation allowance is established. The Company’s analysis of the need for a valuation allowance considered the net income generated during the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and the net losses incurred during both the three months ended June 28, 2013 and the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013. The cumulative loss from fiscal year 2013 and the three months ended June 28, 2013 was more significant than the income from the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and a substantial portion of such loss resulted from an extinguishment of debt charge that was recorded upon the refinancing of the Company’s former 2016 Notes with the proceeds from the issuance of additional 2020 Notes, which provides a benefit to net income due to the lower interest rate of the 2020 Notes. The Company’s evaluation considered other factors, including the Company’s history of positive earnings, current earnings trends as its satellite subscriber base scales on its recently launched satellite, taxable income adjusted for certain items, the Company’s large contractual backlog, and forecasted income by jurisdiction. In the conclusion, consideration was also given to the lengthy period over which these net deferred tax assets can be realized, and the Company’s history of not having federal tax loss carryforwards expire unused. The Company evaluated its valuation allowance on state net operating loss carryforwards after the merger of ViaSat Communications, Inc. into ViaSat during the second quarter of fiscal year 2014. As a result, $3.7 million of the valuation on state net operating loss carryforwards was released during the three months ended October 4, 2013.

For the three and six months ended October 4, 2013, the Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefits increased by $2.2 million and $3.2 million, respectively. In the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by up to approximately $1.0 million as a result of the expiration of the statute of limitations or settlements with tax authorities for previously filed tax returns.

Note 10 — Segment Information

The Company’s reporting segments, comprised of the satellite services, commercial networks and government systems segments, are primarily distinguished by the type of customer and the related contractual requirements. The Company’s satellite services segment provides retail and wholesale satellite-based broadband services for its consumer, enterprise and mobile broadband customers primarily in the United States, as well as managed network services for the satellite communication systems of the Company’s consumer, enterprise and mobile broadband customers worldwide. The Company’s commercial networks segment develops and produces a variety of advanced end-to-end satellite and other wireless communication systems and ground networking equipment and products, some of which are ultimately used by the Company’s satellite services segment. The Company’s government systems segment develops and produces network-centric, internet protocol (IP)-based secure fixed and mobile government communications systems, products, services and solutions. The more regulated government environment is subject to unique contractual requirements and possesses economic characteristics which differ from the satellite services and commercial networks segments. The Company’s segments are determined consistent with the way management currently organizes and evaluates financial information internally for making operating decisions and assessing performance.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Segment revenues and operating profits (losses) for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013     September 28, 2012     October 4, 2013     September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues:

        

Satellite Services

        

Product

   $ 4      $ 2,975      $ 20      $ 3,506   

Service

     100,347        64,332        186,178        123,120   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     100,351        67,307        186,198        126,626   

Commercial Networks

        

Product

     105,146        81,113        196,970        151,875   

Service

     5,041        5,424        10,616        10,797   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     110,187        86,537        207,586        162,672   

Government Systems

        

Product

     105,241        84,387        195,562        160,823   

Service

     38,102        44,591        85,637        74,464   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     143,343        128,978        281,199        235,287   

Elimination of intersegment revenues

     —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 353,881      $ 282,822      $ 674,983      $ 524,585   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating profits (losses):

        

Satellite Services

   $ (14,638   $ (19,373   $ (27,616   $ (41,889

Commercial Networks

     (366     (1,836     2,970        (3,905

Government Systems

     18,290        24,391        34,857        39,251   

Elimination of intersegment operating profits

     —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment operating profit (loss) before corporate and amortization of acquired intangible assets

     3,286        3,182        10,211        (6,543

Corporate

     —          —          —          —     

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     (3,796     (4,041     (7,297     (8,105
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income from operations

   $ (510   $ (859   $ 2,914      $ (14,648
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Assets identifiable to segments include: accounts receivable, unbilled accounts receivable, inventory, acquired intangible assets and goodwill. The Company’s property and equipment, including its satellites, gateways and other networking equipment, are assigned to corporate assets as they are available for use by the various segments throughout their estimated useful lives. Segment assets as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013 were as follows:

 

     As of
October 4,
2013
     As of
March 29,
2013
 
     (In thousands)  

Segment assets:

     

Satellite Services

   $ 82,928       $ 89,945   

Commercial Networks

     236,538         175,230   

Government Systems

     206,740         238,057   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segment assets

     526,206         503,232   

Corporate assets

     1,373,347         1,290,840   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,899,553       $ 1,794,072   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

20


Table of Contents

VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Other acquired intangible assets, net and goodwill included in segment assets as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013 were as follows:

 

     Other Acquired  Intangible
Assets, Net
     Goodwill  
     As of
October 4, 2013
     As of
March 29, 2013
     As of
October 4, 2013
     As of
March 29, 2013
 
     (In thousands)  

Satellite Services

   $ 34,459       $ 39,989       $ 9,809       $ 9,809   

Commercial Networks

     3,268         1,520         43,754         43,648   

Government Systems

     4,881         5,661         29,576         29,543   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 42,608       $ 47,170       $ 83,139       $ 83,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets by segment for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012      October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Satellite Services

   $ 2,765       $ 3,238       $ 5,530       $ 6,476   

Commercial Networks

     509         177         652         361   

Government Systems

     522         626         1,115         1,268   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total amortization of acquired intangible assets

   $ 3,796       $ 4,041       $ 7,297       $ 8,105   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Revenue information by geographic area for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012      October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

United States

   $ 257,898       $ 206,490       $ 496,697       $ 385,224   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     35,884         54,330         76,711         86,545   

Asia, Pacific

     49,953         12,461         82,818         20,892   

North America other than United States

     8,520         6,900         16,298         24,287   

Central and Latin America

     1,626         2,641         2,459         7,637   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 353,881       $ 282,822       $ 674,983       $ 524,585   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company distinguishes revenues from external customers by geographic area based on customer location.

The net book value of long-lived assets located outside the United States was $18.7 million and $18.5 million at October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively.

 

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VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 11 — Certain Relationships and Related-Party Transactions

John Stenbit, a director of the Company since August 2004, also serves on the board of directors of Loral. In 2008, the Company entered into a beam sharing agreement with Loral, whereby Loral was responsible for contributing 15% of the total costs associated with the ViaSat-1 satellite project and satellite operating costs past launch. The beam sharing agreement was approved by the disinterested members of the Company’s Board of Directors, after a determination by the disinterested members of the Company’s Board that the terms and conditions of the agreement were fair to and in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders. In March 2011, Loral entered into agreements with Telesat Canada (an entity owned by TeleSat Holdings, Inc., a joint venture between Loral and the Public Sector Pension Investment Board) pursuant to which Loral assigned to Telesat Canada, and Telesat Canada assumed from Loral, all of Loral’s rights and obligations with respect to the Canadian beams on ViaSat-1. Material amounts related to the beam sharing agreement with Telesat Canada are disclosed in the tables below.

In addition, from time to time, the Company enters into various contracts in the ordinary course of business with Loral and Telesat Canada. Material amounts related to these contracts are disclosed in the tables below.

Expense for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012      October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Expense:

           

Telesat Canada – ordinary course of business

   $ 1,506       $ 1,496       $ 4,039       $ 1,986   

Cash paid during the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012 was as follows:

 

     Six Months Ended  
     October 4, 2013      September 28, 2012  
     (In thousands)  

Cash paid:

     

Telesat Canada – ordinary course of business

   $ 3,519       $ 3,675   

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results that are subject to the safe harbors created under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industries in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. We use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “goal,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would,” variations of such words and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. In addition, statements that refer to projections of earnings, revenue, costs or other financial items; anticipated growth and trends in our business or key markets; future economic conditions and performance; anticipated performance of products or services; satellite construction activities; the performance and anticipated benefits of the ViaSat-2 satellite; the expected capacity, service, coverage, service speeds and other features of ViaSat-2, and the timing, cost, economics and other benefits associated therewith; anticipated subscriber growth; plans, objectives and strategies for future operations; and other characterizations of future events or circumstances, are forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Factors that could cause actual results to differ include: our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the ViaSat-2 satellite; unexpected expenses related to the satellite project; our ability to successfully implement our business plan for our broadband satellite services on our anticipated timeline or at all, including with respect to the ViaSat-2 satellite system; risks associated with the construction, launch and operation of ViaSat-2 and our other satellites, including the effect of any anomaly, operational failure or degradation in satellite performance; negative audits by the U.S. government; continued turmoil in the global business environment and economic conditions; delays in approving U.S. government budgets and cuts in government defense expenditures; our reliance on U.S. government contracts, and on a small number of contracts which account for a significant percentage of our revenues; our ability to successfully develop, introduce and sell new technologies, products and services; reduced demand for products and services as a result of continued constraints on capital spending by customers; changes in relationships with, or the financial condition of, key customers or suppliers; our reliance on a limited number of third parties to manufacture and supply our products; increased competition and other factors affecting the communications and defense industries generally; the effect of adverse regulatory changes on our ability to sell products and services; our level of indebtedness and ability to comply with applicable debt covenants; our involvement in litigation, including intellectual property claims and litigation to protect our proprietary technology; our dependence on a limited number of key employees; and other factors identified under the heading “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013, under the heading “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this report, elsewhere in this report and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.

Company Overview

We are a leading provider of high-speed fixed and mobile broadband services, advanced satellite and other wireless networks and secure networking systems, products and services. We have leveraged our success developing complex satellite communication systems and equipment for the U.S. government and select commercial customers to develop next-generation satellite broadband technologies and services for both fixed and mobile users. Our product, systems and service offerings are often linked through common underlying technologies, customer applications and market relationships. We believe that our portfolio of products and services, combined with our ability to effectively cross-deploy technologies between government and commercial segments and across different geographic markets, provides us with a strong foundation to sustain and enhance our leadership in advanced communications and networking technologies. ViaSat, Inc. was incorporated in California in 1986, and reincorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1996.

We conduct our business through three segments: satellite services, commercial networks and government systems.

Satellite Services

Our satellite services segment provides retail and wholesale satellite-based broadband services for our consumer, enterprise and mobile broadband customers primarily in the United States. Our satellite services business also provides a platform for the provision of network management services to domestic and international satellite service providers. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, we announced our entry into a satellite construction contract for ViaSat-2, our second high-capacity Ka-band satellite.

The primary services offered by our satellite services segment are comprised of:

 

   

Retail and Wholesale Broadband Satellite Services. Our retail and wholesale broadband satellite services offered under the Exede ® and WildBlue ® brands provide two-way satellite-based broadband internet access to consumers and small businesses in the United States and recently, voice over internet protocol (VOIP). We offer a range of service plans to both retail and wholesale customers, with pricing based on a number of different factors, including bandwidth limits, service quality levels and terms of distribution. We offer wholesale broadband services to our national and regional distribution partners, including direct-to-home satellite video providers, retail service providers and communications companies. As of October 4, 2013, we provided broadband satellite services to approximately 591,000 subscribers.

 

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Mobile Broadband Services. Our Yonder ® mobile broadband services provide global network management and high-speed internet connectivity services for customers using airborne, maritime and ground-mobile satellite systems.

 

   

Enterprise Broadband Services. We also offer high-speed broadband services to enterprises, who are increasingly requiring higher-speed, more economical communications in hard-to-reach locations, as well as mobile broadband solutions. Our enterprise broadband services include high definition satellite news gathering, in-flight WiFi and live on-line event streaming.

Commercial Networks

Our commercial networks segment develops and produces a variety of advanced end-to-end satellite and other wireless communication systems and ground networking equipment and products that address five key market segments: consumer, enterprise, in-flight, maritime and ground mobile applications. These communication systems, networking equipment and products are generally developed through a combination of customer and discretionary internal research and development funding, and are either sold to our commercial networks customers or utilized to provide services through our satellite services segment.

Our satellite communication systems, ground networking equipment and products cater to a wide range of domestic and international commercial customers and include:

 

   

Fixed satellite networks, including next-generation satellite network infrastructure and ground terminals to access high-capacity satellites.

 

   

Mobile broadband satellite communication systems, designed for use in aircraft, high-speed trains and seagoing vessels.

 

   

Antenna systems for terrestrial and satellite applications, specializing in geospatial imagery, mobile satellite communication, Ka-band gateways and other multi-band antennas.

 

   

Satellite networking development programs, including specialized design and technology services covering all aspects of satellite communication system architecture and technology.

Government Systems

Our government systems segment develops and produces network-centric internet protocol (IP)-based fixed and mobile secure government communications systems, products, services and solutions, which are designed to enable the collection and dissemination of secure real-time digital information between command centers, communications nodes and air defense systems. Customers of our government systems segment include the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), armed forces, public safety first-responders and remote government employees.

The primary products and services of our government systems segment include:

 

   

Government satellite communication systems, which comprise an array of portable, mobile and fixed broadband modems, terminals, network access control systems and antenna systems using a range of satellite frequency bands for line-of-sight and beyond-line-of-sight Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and Command and Control (C2) missions and satellite networking services, as well as products designed for manpacks, aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), seagoing vessels, ground mobile vehicles and fixed applications.

 

   

Information assurance products and secure networking solutions, which provide advanced, high-speed IP-based “Type 1” and High Assurance Internet Protocol Encryption (HAIPE ® )-compliant encryption solutions that enable military and government users to communicate information securely over networks, and that secure data stored on computers and storage devices.

 

   

Tactical data links, including Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) terminals for military fighter jets and their successor, MIDS Joint Tactical Radio System (MIDS-JTRS) terminals, “disposable” weapon data links and portable small tactical terminals.

Sources of Revenues

Our satellite services segment revenues are primarily derived from our domestic satellite broadband services business and from our worldwide managed network services. Our satellite broadband services business comprised approximately 23% and 19% of total revenues during the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively, and 22% and 20% of total revenues during the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively.

With respect to our commercial networks and government systems segments, to date, our ability to grow and maintain our revenues has depended on our ability to identify and target markets where the customer places a high priority on the technology solution, and our ability to obtain additional sizable contract awards. Due to the nature of this process, it is difficult to predict the probability and timing of obtaining awards in these markets.

 

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Our products in these segments are provided primarily through three types of contracts: fixed-price, time-and-materials and cost-reimbursement contracts. Fixed-price contracts (which require us to provide products and services under a contract at a specified price) comprised approximately 93% and 95% of our total revenues for these segments for the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively, and 93% and 94% of our total revenues for these segments for the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively. The remainder of our revenue in these segments for such periods was derived from cost-reimbursement contracts (under which we are reimbursed for all actual costs incurred in performing the contract to the extent such costs are within the contract ceiling and allowable under the terms of the contract, plus a fee or profit) and from time-and-materials contracts (which reimburse us for the number of labor hours expended at an established hourly rate negotiated in the contract, plus the cost of materials utilized in providing such products or services).

Historically, a significant portion of our revenues has been derived from customer contracts that include the research and development of products. The research and development efforts are conducted in direct response to the customer’s specific requirements and, accordingly, expenditures related to such efforts are included in cost of sales when incurred and the related funding (which includes a profit component) is included in revenues. Revenues for our funded research and development from our customer contracts were approximately $121.3 million or 34% and $74.6 million or 26% of our total revenues in the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively. Revenues for our funded research and development from our customer contracts were approximately $209.2 million or 31% and $143.3 million or 27% of our total revenues in the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively.

We also incur independent research and development (IR&D) expenses, which are not directly funded by a third party. IR&D expenses consist primarily of salaries and other personnel-related expenses, supplies, prototype materials, testing and certification related to research and development projects. IR&D expenses were approximately 4% and 3% of total revenues during the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively, and approximately 4% and 3% of total revenues during the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively. As a government contractor, we are able to recover a portion of our IR&D expenses pursuant to our government contracts.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discusses our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We consider the policies discussed below to be critical to an understanding of our financial statements because their application places the most significant demands on management’s judgment, with financial reporting results relying on estimation about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. We describe the specific risks for these critical accounting policies in the following paragraphs. For all of these policies, we caution that future events rarely develop exactly as forecast, and even the best estimates routinely require adjustment.

Revenue recognition

A substantial portion of our revenues is derived from long-term contracts requiring development and delivery of complex equipment built to customer specifications. Sales related to these contracts are accounted for under the authoritative guidance for the percentage-of-completion method of accounting (Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 605-35). Sales and earnings under these contracts are recorded either based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to date to total estimated costs expected to be incurred related to the contract, or as products are shipped under the units-of-delivery method.

The percentage-of-completion method of accounting requires management to estimate the profit margin for each individual contract and to apply that profit margin on a uniform basis as sales are recorded under the contract. The estimation of profit margins requires management to make projections of the total sales to be generated and the total costs that will be incurred under a contract. These projections require management to make numerous assumptions and estimates relating to items such as the complexity of design and related development costs, performance of subcontractors, availability and cost of materials, labor productivity and cost, overhead and capital costs and manufacturing efficiency. These contracts often include purchase options for additional quantities and customer change orders for additional or revised product functionality. Purchase options and change orders are accounted for either as an integral part of the original contract or separately depending upon the nature and value of the item. For contract claims or similar items, we apply judgment in estimating the amounts and assessing the potential for realization. These amounts are only included in contract value when they can be reliably estimated and realization is considered probable. Anticipated losses on contracts are recognized in full in the period in which losses become probable and estimable. During the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, we recorded losses of approximately $0.6 million and $1.1 million, respectively, related to loss contracts. During the six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, we recorded losses of approximately $1.0 million and $2.4 million, respectively, related to loss contracts.

 

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Assuming the initial estimates of sales and costs under a contract are accurate, the percentage-of-completion method results in the profit margin being recorded evenly as revenue is recognized under the contract. Changes in these underlying estimates due to revisions in sales and future cost estimates or the exercise of contract options may result in profit margins being recognized unevenly over a contract as such changes are accounted for on a cumulative basis in the period estimates are revised. We believe we have established appropriate systems and processes to enable us to reasonably estimate future costs on our programs through regular evaluations of contract costs, scheduling and technical matters by business unit personnel and management. Historically, in the aggregate, we have not experienced significant deviations in actual costs from estimated program costs, and when deviations that result in significant adjustments arise, we disclose the related impact in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. However, these estimates require significant management judgment and a significant change in future cost estimates on one or more programs could have a material effect on our results of operations. A one percent variance in our future cost estimates on open fixed-price contracts as of October 4, 2013 would change our loss before income taxes by approximately $0.7 million.

We also derive a substantial portion of our revenues from contracts and purchase orders where revenue is recorded on delivery of products or performance of services in accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition (ASC 605). Under this standard, we recognize revenue when an arrangement exists, prices are determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and the goods or services have been delivered.

We also enter into certain leasing arrangements with customers and evaluate the contracts in accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases (ASC 840). Our accounting for equipment leases involves specific determinations under the authoritative guidance for leases, which often involve complex provisions and significant judgments. In accordance with the authoritative guidance for leases, we classify the transactions as sales type or operating leases based on: (1) review for transfers of ownership of the equipment to the lessee by the end of the lease term, (2) review of the lease terms to determine if it contains an option to purchase the leased equipment for a price which is sufficiently lower than the expected fair value of the equipment at the date of the option, (3) review of the lease term to determine if it is equal to or greater than 75% of the economic life of the equipment, and (4) review of the present value of the minimum lease payments to determine if they are equal to or greater than 90% of the fair market value of the equipment at the inception of the lease. Additionally, we consider the cancelability of the contract and any related uncertainty of collections or risk in recoverability of the lease investment at lease inception. Revenue from sales type leases is recognized at the inception of the lease or when the equipment has been delivered and installed at the customer site, if installation is required. Revenues from equipment rentals under operating leases are recognized as earned over the lease term, which is generally on a straight-line basis.

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for revenue recognition for multiple element arrangements, the Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2009-13 (ASU 2009-13), Revenue Recognition (ASC 605) Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, which updates ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition-Multiple element arrangements, of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) codification, for substantially all of the arrangements with multiple deliverables, we allocate revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy at the arrangement inception. The selling price for each element is based upon the following selling price hierarchy: vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE are available (a description as to how we determine VSOE, TPE and ESP is provided below). If a tangible hardware systems product includes software, we determine whether the tangible hardware systems product and the software work together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and, if so, the entire product is treated as a nonsoftware deliverable. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the nonsoftware deliverables using the relative selling prices of each unit based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. Revenue for each separate unit of accounting is recognized when the applicable revenue recognition criteria for each element have been met.

To determine the selling price in multiple-element arrangements, we establish VSOE of the selling price using the price charged for a deliverable when sold separately and for software license updates, product support and hardware systems support, based on the renewal rates offered to customers. For nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements, TPE is established by evaluating similar and/or interchangeable competitor products or services in standalone arrangements with similarly situated customers and/or agreements. If we are unable to determine the selling price because VSOE or TPE doesn’t exist, we determine ESP for the purposes of allocating the arrangement by reviewing historical transactions, including transactions whereby the deliverable was sold on a standalone basis and considering several other external and internal factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices including discounting, margin objectives, competition, the geographies in which we offer our products and services, the type of customer (i.e. distributor, value added reseller, government agency or direct end user, among others) and the stage of the product lifecycle. The determination of ESP considers our pricing model and go-to-market strategy. As our, or our competitors’, pricing and go-to-market strategies evolve, we may modify our pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes to our determination of VSOE, TPE and ESP. As a result, our future revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements could differ materially from those in the current period.

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues represent cash collected from customers in advance of revenue recognition and are recorded in accrued liabilities for obligations within the next twelve months. Amounts for obligations extending beyond the twelve months are recorded within other liabilities in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Warranty reserves

We provide limited warranties on our products for periods of up to five years. We record a liability for our warranty obligations when we ship the products or they are included in long-term construction contracts based upon an estimate of expected warranty costs. Amounts expected to be incurred within twelve months are classified as a current liability. For mature products, we estimate the warranty costs based on historical experience with the particular product. For newer products that do not have a history of warranty costs, we base our estimates on our experience with the technology involved and the types of failures that may occur. It is possible that our underlying assumptions will not reflect the actual experience, and in that case, we will make future adjustments to the recorded warranty obligation.

Property, equipment and satellites

Satellites and other property and equipment are recorded at cost or in the case of certain satellites and other property acquired, the fair value at the date of acquisition, net of accumulated depreciation. Capitalized satellite costs consist primarily of the costs of satellite construction and launch, including launch insurance and insurance during the period of in-orbit testing, the net present value of performance incentives expected to be payable to the satellite manufacturers (dependent on the continued satisfactory performance of the satellites), costs directly associated with the monitoring and support of satellite construction, and interest costs incurred during the period of satellite construction. We also construct gateway facilities, network operations systems and other assets to support our satellites, and those construction costs, including interest, are capitalized as incurred. At the time satellites are placed in service, we estimate the useful life of our satellites for depreciation purposes based upon an analysis of each satellite’s performance against the original manufacturer’s orbital design life, estimated fuel levels and related consumption rates, as well as historical satellite operating trends.

We own two satellites: ViaSat-1 (our high-capacity Ka-band spot-beam satellite, which was placed into service in January 2012) and WildBlue-1 (which was placed into service in March 2007). During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, we announced the entry into a satellite construction contract for ViaSat-2, a second high-capacity Ka-band satellite. In addition, we have an exclusive prepaid lifetime capital lease of Ka-band capacity over the continental United States on Telesat Canada’s Anik F2 satellite (which was placed into service in April 2005) and own related gateway and networking equipment on all of our satellites. Property and equipment also includes the indoor and outdoor customer premise equipment (CPE) units leased to subscribers under a retail leasing program as part of our satellite services segment.

Impairment of long-lived and other long-term assets (property, equipment and satellites, and other assets, including goodwill)

In accordance with the authoritative guidance for impairment or disposal of long-lived assets (ASC 360), we assess potential impairments to our long-lived assets, including property, equipment and satellites and other assets, when there is evidence that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. We periodically review the remaining estimated useful life of the satellite to determine if revisions to the estimated life are necessary. We recognize an impairment loss when the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by an asset (or group of assets) are less than the asset’s carrying value. Any required impairment loss would be measured as the amount by which the asset’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, and would be recorded as a reduction in the carrying value of the related asset and charged to results of operations. No material impairments were recorded by us for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012.

We account for our goodwill under the authoritative guidance for goodwill and other intangible assets (ASC 350) and the provisions of ASU 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment, which permits us to make a qualitative assessment of whether it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount before applying the two step goodwill impairment test. If, after completing our qualitative assessment we determine that it is more likely than not that the carrying value exceeds estimated fair value, we compare the fair value to our carrying value (including goodwill). If the estimated fair value is greater than the carrying value, we conclude that no impairment exists. If the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value, a second step is performed in which the implied fair value of goodwill is compared to its carrying value. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than its carrying value, goodwill must be written down to its implied fair value, resulting in goodwill impairment. We test goodwill for impairment during the fourth quarter every fiscal year and when an event occurs or circumstances change such that it is reasonably possible that an impairment may exist.

The qualitative analysis we conducted in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2013 included assessing the impact of changes in certain factors including: (1) changes in forecasted operating results and comparing actual results to projections, (2) changes in the industry or our competitive environment since the acquisition date, (3) changes in the overall economy, our market share and market interest rates since the acquisition date, (4) trends in the stock price and related market capitalization and enterprise values, (5) trends in peer companies total enterprise value metrics, and (6) additional factors such as management turnover, changes in regulation and changes in litigation matters.

 

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Based on our qualitative assessment performed during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2013, we concluded that it was more likely than not that the estimated fair value of our reporting units exceeded its carrying value as of March 29, 2013 and, therefore, determined it was not necessary to perform the two step goodwill impairment test.

Income taxes and valuation allowance on deferred tax assets

Management evaluates the realizability of our deferred tax assets and assesses the need for a valuation allowance on a quarterly basis. In accordance with the authoritative guidance for income taxes (ASC 740), net deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on all the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Our valuation allowance against deferred tax assets decreased from $16.0 million at March 29, 2013 to $13.3 million at October 4, 2013. The valuation allowance primarily relates to state net operating loss carryforwards and research and development credit carryforwards available to reduce state income taxes.

Our analysis of the need for a valuation allowance considered the net income generated during the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and the net losses incurred during both the three months ended June 28, 2013 and the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013. The cumulative loss from fiscal year 2013 and the three months ended June 28, 2013 was more significant than the income from the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 and a substantial portion of such loss resulted from an extinguishment of debt charge that was recorded upon the refinancing of our former 8.875% Senior Notes due 2016 (2016 Notes) with the proceeds from the issuance of additional 6.875% Senior Notes due 2020 (2020 Notes), which provides a benefit to net income due to the lower interest rate of the 2020 Notes. Our evaluation considered other factors, including our history of positive earnings, current earnings trends as our satellite subscriber base scales on our recently launched satellite, ViaSat-1, taxable income adjusted for certain items, our large contractual backlog, and forecasted income by jurisdiction. In the conclusion, consideration was also given to the lengthy period over which these net deferred tax assets can be realized, and our history of not having federal tax loss carryforwards expire unused. We evaluated our valuation allowance on state net operating loss carryforwards after the merger of ViaSat Communications, Inc. into ViaSat during the second quarter of fiscal year 2014. As a result, $3.7 million of the valuation allowance on state net operating loss carryforwards was released during the three months ended October 4, 2013.

Accruals for uncertain tax positions are provided for in accordance with the authoritative guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes (ASC 740). Under the authoritative guidance, we may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The authoritative guidance addresses the derecognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and income tax disclosures.

We are subject to income taxes in the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. In the ordinary course of business, there are calculations and transactions where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. In addition, changes in tax laws and regulations as well as adverse judicial rulings could adversely affect the income tax provision. We believe we have adequately provided for income tax issues not yet resolved with federal, state and foreign tax authorities. However, if these provided amounts prove to be more than what is necessary, the reversal of the reserves would result in tax benefits being recognized in the period in which we determine that provision for the liabilities is no longer necessary. If an ultimate tax assessment exceeds our estimate of tax liabilities, an additional charge to expense would result.

 

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Results of Operations

The following table presents, as a percentage of total revenues, income statement data for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
    October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
 

Revenues:

     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0

Product revenues

     59.5        59.6        58.2        60.3   

Service revenues

     40.5        40.4        41.8        39.7   

Operating expenses:

        

Cost of product revenues

     44.5        42.9        42.5        43.9   

Cost of service revenues

     29.5        33.7        31.2        33.2   

Selling, general and administrative

     20.8        19.1        20.5        21.1   

Independent research and development

     4.2        3.2        4.3        3.1   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     1.1        1.4        1.1        1.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income from operations

     (0.1     (0.3     0.4        (2.8

Interest expense, net

     (2.8     (4.1     (2.9     (4.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

     (2.9     (4.4     (2.5     (7.2

Benefit from income taxes

     (3.5     (1.6     (2.6     (3.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     0.6        (2.8     0.1        (4.2

Net income (loss) attributable to ViaSat, Inc.

     0.5        (2.8     0.0        (4.3

Three Months Ended October 4, 2013 vs. Three Months Ended September 28, 2012

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Product revenues

   $ 210.4       $ 168.5       $ 41.9         24.9

Service revenues

     143.5         114.3         29.1         25.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total revenues

   $ 353.9       $ 282.8       $ 71.1         25.1

Our total revenues grew by $71.1 million as a result of the $41.9 million increase in product revenues and the $29.1 million increase in service revenues. The product revenue increase was comprised primarily of $24.0 million in our commercial networks segment and $20.9 million in our government systems segment. The service revenue increase was comprised primarily of $36.0 million in our satellite services segment, offset by a decrease of $6.5 million in our government systems segment.

Cost of revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Cost of product revenues

   $ 157.6       $ 121.4       $ 36.2         29.8

Cost of service revenues

     104.5         95.4         9.1         9.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total cost of revenues

   $ 262.1       $ 216.8       $ 45.3         20.9

 

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Cost of revenues grew by $45.3 million due to a $36.2 million cost of product revenues increase and a $9.1 million cost of service revenues increase. The cost of product revenues increase was primarily due to increased revenues, causing a $30.2 million increase in cost of product revenues on a constant margin basis. This increase mainly related to growth in fixed satellite networks (driven by consumer broadband products) and satellite payload technology development programs in our commercial networks segment, but product sales also grew in our government systems segment from government satellite communication systems, information assurance products and our majority-owned subsidiary TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. (TrellisWare). The cost of product revenues increase was also due to lower margins in our government satellite communication systems in our government systems segment. The cost of service revenues increase was primarily due to increased service revenues, which caused a $24.3 million increase in cost of service revenues on a constant margin basis. This increase mainly related to our Exede broadband services in our satellite services segment. Additionally, as our Exede subscribers have continued to grow and related revenues scale, we have also experienced improved margins from our broadband services in our satellite services segment.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Selling, general and administrative

   $ 73.6       $ 54.1       $ 19.5         36.1

The $19.5 million increase in selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses was primarily attributable to higher support costs of $12.1 million, higher selling costs of $6.3 million and higher new business proposal costs of $1.1 million. Of the higher support costs, $7.1 million related to our satellite services segment (primarily due to our increased subscriber gross additions year over year and partially related to litigation expense focused on protecting and extending our technology advantages), $3.4 million to our commercial networks segment, and $1.6 million to our government systems segment. The increase in selling costs mainly related to our satellite services segment as we continue to grow our consumer broadband subscriber base. SG&A expenses consisted primarily of personnel costs and expenses for business development, marketing and sales, bid and proposal, facilities, finance, contract administration and general management.

Independent research and development

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Independent research and development

   $ 14.9       $ 8.8       $ 6.2         70.3

The $6.2 million increase in IR&D expenses reflected increased IR&D efforts in our commercial networks segment of $3.9 million (primarily due to next-generation consumer broadband) and in our government systems segment of $2.7 million (primarily due to development of next-generation airborne satcom mobile systems), partially offset by a reduction in IR&D effort in our satellite services segment.

 

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Amortization of acquired intangible assets

We amortize our acquired intangible assets from prior acquisitions over their estimated useful lives, which range from three to ten years. The $0.2 million decrease in amortization of acquired intangible assets in the second quarter of fiscal year 2014 compared to the prior year period was the result of acquired trade name intangibles in our satellite services segment becoming fully amortized over the preceding twelve months. Current and expected amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for each of the following periods is as follows:

 

     Amortization  
     (In thousands)  

For the six months ended October 4, 2013

   $ 7,297   

Expected for the remainder of fiscal year 2014

   $ 7,306   

Expected for fiscal year 2015

     14,613   

Expected for fiscal year 2016

     11,007   

Expected for fiscal year 2017

     4,663   

Expected for fiscal year 2018

     3,611   

Thereafter

     1,408   
  

 

 

 
   $ 42,608   
  

 

 

 

Interest income

The slight decrease in interest income in the three months ended October 4, 2013 compared to the prior year period was primarily due to lower average invested cash balances during the current year period.

Interest expense

The $1.7 million decrease in interest expense in the three months ended October 4, 2013 compared to the prior year period was due primarily to the refinancing, in October 2012, of our former $275.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2016 Notes with the proceeds from the issuance of an additional $300.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2020 Notes, which bear interest at a lower rate. Additionally, interest expense in the three months ended October 4, 2013 reflects increased interest capitalization of approximately $1.2 million compared to the prior year period, mainly related to the commencement of construction of ViaSat-2 and related assets.

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

We currently estimate our annual effective income tax benefit rate to be 80.0% for fiscal year 2014. The estimated annual effective income tax benefit rate differs from the expected statutory rate primarily due to federal and state research and development tax credits. The income tax benefit rate recorded for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 exceeded the estimated annual income tax benefit rate primarily due to the release of a valuation allowance of $3.7 million on state net operating loss carryforwards. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was enacted on January 2, 2013. This legislation retroactively reinstated and extended the federal research and development tax credit through December 31, 2013. If the federal research and development tax credit is extended through the end of fiscal year 2014, we may have a higher annual effective income tax benefit rate for fiscal year 2014, and the amount of any such tax rate reduction will depend on the effective date of any such extension, the terms of the extension, as well as the amount of eligible research and development expenses in the extended period.

Segment Results for the Three Months Ended October 4, 2013 vs. Three Months Ended September 28, 2012

Satellite services segment

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
      

Segment product revenues

   $ —        $ 3.0       $ (3.0     (99.9 )% 

Segment service revenues

     100.3         64.3         36.0        56.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 100.4       $ 67.3       $ 33.0        49.1

Our satellite services segment revenues grew by $33.0 million, primarily due to the $36.0 million increase in service revenues, of which $34.4 million related to retail and wholesale broadband services and $1.6 million to our emerging mobile broadband services. The revenue increase relating to our Exede and WildBlue broadband services was driven by a 38% increase in the number of subscribers, which grew from approximately 429,000 at September 28, 2012 to approximately 591,000 at October 4, 2013, as well as a change in the mix of retail and wholesale subscribers and related higher average revenue per subscriber.

 

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Segment operating loss

 

     Three Months Ended     Dollar
(Increase)
Decrease
     Percentage
(Increase)
Decrease
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
      

Segment operating loss

   $ (14.6   $ (19.4   $ 4.7         24.4

Percentage of segment revenues

     (14.6 )%      (28.8 )%      

The $4.7 million reduction in operating loss for our satellite services segment was primarily due to $17.3 million in higher earnings contributions as our Exede broadband services subscriber base continued to grow, which resulted in increased revenues and improved margins, partially offset by $13.0 million in higher selling and support costs. The higher selling and support costs mainly related to increased sales and marketing support costs as we continued to expand our consumer broadband subscriber base and partially related to litigation expense focused on protecting and extending our technology advantages.

Commercial networks segment

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 105.1       $ 81.1       $ 24.0        29.6

Segment service revenues

     5.0         5.4         (0.4     (7.1 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 110.2       $ 86.5       $ 23.7        27.3

Our commercial networks segment revenues increased by $23.7 million, due to the $24.0 million increase in product revenues. Of this revenue increase, $20.1 million related to fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by consumer broadband products), $3.9 million to satellite payload technology development programs, and $3.5 million to mobile broadband satellite communication systems. These increases were partially offset by a $3.8 million decrease in product revenues for our satellite networking development programs.

Segment operating loss

 

     Three Months Ended     Dollar
(Increase)
Decrease
     Percentage
(Increase)
Decrease
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
      

Segment operating loss

   $ (0.4   $ (1.8   $ 1.5         80.1

Percentage of segment revenues

     (0.3 )%      (2.1 )%      

The decrease of $1.5 million in operating loss for our commercial networks segment was primarily due to $8.6 million in higher earnings contributions from increased revenues and improved margins in our consumer broadband products and in our mobile broadband satellite communication systems, partially offset by higher IR&D costs of $3.9 million and higher selling, support and new business proposal costs of $3.2 million.

Government systems segment

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 105.2       $ 84.4       $ 20.9        24.7

Segment service revenues

     38.1         44.6         (6.5     (14.6 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 143.3       $ 129.0       $ 14.4        11.1

Our government systems segment revenues grew by $14.4 million, due to the $20.9 million increase in product revenues, offset by the $6.5 million decrease in service revenues. Of the product revenue increase, $12.2 million related to government satellite communication systems (mainly attributable to command and control situational awareness), $6.2 million to TrellisWare, and $5.9 million to information assurance products, partially offset by a $3.5 million decrease in revenues related to tactical data link products. Of the service revenue decrease, $4.5 million related to government satellite communication systems services and $2.4 million to TrellisWare.

 

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Segment operating profit

 

     Three Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
     

Segment operating profit

   $ 18.3      $ 24.4      $ (6.1     (25.0 )% 

Percentage of segment revenues

     12.8     18.9    

The $6.1 million decrease in our government systems segment operating profit reflected higher selling, support and new business proposal costs of $3.3 million and higher IR&D costs of $2.7 million.

Six Months Ended October 4, 2013 vs. Six Months Ended September 28, 2012

Revenues

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Product revenues

   $ 392.6       $ 316.2       $ 76.3         24.1

Service revenues

     282.4         208.4         74.1         35.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total revenues

   $ 675.0       $ 524.6       $ 150.4         28.7

Our total revenues grew by $150.4 million as a result of the $76.3 million increase in product revenues and the $74.1 million increase in service revenues. The product revenue increase was comprised primarily of $45.1 million in our commercial networks segment and $34.7 million in our government systems segment. The service revenue increase was comprised primarily of $63.1 million in our satellite services segment and $11.2 million in our government systems segment.

Cost of revenues

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Cost of product revenues

   $ 287.0       $ 230.5       $ 56.5         24.5

Cost of service revenues

     210.4         174.0         36.5         21.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total cost of revenues

   $ 497.4       $ 404.4       $ 93.0         23.0

 

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Cost of revenues grew by $93.0 million due to a $56.5 million cost of product revenues increase and a $36.5 million cost of service revenues increase. The cost of product revenues increase was primarily due to increased revenues, causing a $55.6 million increase in cost of product revenues on a constant margin basis. This increase mainly related to growth in fixed satellite networks (driven by consumer broadband products) and satellite payload technology development programs in our commercial networks segment, but product sales also grew in our government systems segment, from government satellite communication systems, TrellisWare, and information assurance products. The cost of service revenues increase was primarily due to increased service revenues, which caused a $61.8 million increase in cost of service revenues on a constant margin basis. This increase mainly related to our Exede broadband services in our satellite services segment and government satellite communication systems services in our government systems segment. Additionally, as our Exede subscribers have continued to grow and related revenues scale, we have also experienced improved margins from our broadband services in our satellite services segment.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Selling, general and administrative

   $ 138.4       $ 110.6       $ 27.8         25.1

The $27.8 million increase in SG&A expenses was primarily attributable to higher support costs of $19.1 million and higher selling costs of $9.0 million. Of the higher support costs, $11.1 million related to our satellite services segment (primarily due to our increased subscriber gross additions year over year and partially related to litigation expense focused on protecting and extending our technology advantages), $4.8 million to our commercial networks segment, and $3.3 million to our government systems segment. The increase in higher selling costs mainly related to our satellite services segment as we continue to grow our consumer broadband subscriber base. SG&A expenses consisted primarily of personnel costs and expenses for business development, marketing and sales, bid and proposal, facilities, finance, contract administration and general management.

Independent research and development

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Independent research and development

   $ 29.0       $ 16.1       $ 12.9         79.9

The $12.9 million increase in IR&D expenses reflected increased IR&D efforts in our commercial networks segment of $7.8 million (primarily due to next-generation consumer broadband) and in our government systems segment of $5.9 million (primarily due to development of next-generation airborne satcom mobile systems and advancement of integrated government satellite communications platforms).

 

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Amortization of acquired intangible assets

We amortize our acquired intangible assets from prior acquisitions over their estimated useful lives, which range from three to ten years. The $0.8 million decrease in amortization of acquired intangible assets in the first six months of fiscal year 2014 compared to the prior year period was the result of acquired trade name intangibles in our satellite services segment becoming fully amortized over the preceding twelve months. Current and expected amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for each of the following periods is as follows:

 

     Amortization  
     (In thousands)  

For the six months ended October 4, 2013

   $ 7,297   

Expected for the remainder of fiscal year 2014

   $ 7,306   

Expected for fiscal year 2015

     14,613   

Expected for fiscal year 2016

     11,007   

Expected for fiscal year 2017

     4,663   

Expected for fiscal year 2018

     3,611   

Thereafter

     1,408   
  

 

 

 
   $ 42,608   
  

 

 

 

Interest income

The slight decrease in interest income in the six months ended October 4, 2013 compared to the prior year period was primarily due to lower average invested cash balances during the current year period.

Interest expense

The $3.1 million decrease in interest expense in the six months ended October 4, 2013 compared to the prior year period was due primarily to the refinancing, in October 2012, of our former $275.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2016 Notes with the proceeds from the issuance of an additional $300.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2020 Notes, which bear interest at a lower rate. Additionally, interest expense in the six months ended October 4, 2013 reflects increased interest capitalization of approximately $1.3 million compared to the prior year period, mainly related to the commencement of construction of ViaSat-2 and related assets.

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

We currently estimate our annual effective income tax benefit rate to be 80.0% for fiscal year 2014. The estimated annual effective income tax benefit rate differs from the expected statutory rate primarily due to federal and state research and development tax credits. The income tax benefit rate recorded for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013 exceeded the estimated annual income tax benefit rate primarily due to the release of a valuation allowance of $3.7 million on state net operating loss carryforwards. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was enacted on January 2, 2013. This legislation retroactively reinstated and extended the federal research and development tax credit through December 31, 2013. If the federal research and development tax credit is extended through the end of fiscal year 2014, we may have a higher annual effective income tax benefit rate for fiscal year 2014, and the amount of any such tax rate reduction will depend on the effective date of any such extension, the terms of the extension, as well as the amount of eligible research and development expenses in the extended period.

Segment Results for the Six Months Ended October 4, 2013 vs. Six Months Ended September 28, 2012

Satellite services segment

Revenues

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
      

Segment product revenues

   $ —        $ 3.5       $ (3.5     (99.4 )% 

Segment service revenues

     186.2         123.1         63.1        51.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 186.2       $ 126.6       $ 59.6        47.0

Our satellite services segment revenues grew by $59.6 million, primarily due to the $63.1 million increase in service revenues, of which $60.7 million related to retail and wholesale broadband services and $2.3 million related to our emerging mobile broadband services. The revenue increase relating to our Exede and WildBlue broadband services was driven by a 38% increase in the number of subscribers, which grew from approximately 429,000 at September 28, 2012 to approximately 591,000 at October 4, 2013, as well as a change in the mix of retail and wholesale subscribers and related higher average revenue per subscriber.

 

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Table of Contents

Segment operating loss

 

     Six Months Ended     Dollar
(Increase)
Decrease
     Percentage
(Increase)
Decrease
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
      

Segment operating loss

   $ (27.6   $ (41.9   $ 14.3         34.1

Percentage of segment revenues

     (14.8 )%      (33.1 )%      

The $14.3 million reduction in operating loss for our satellite services segment was primarily due to $32.8 million in higher earnings contributions as our Exede broadband services subscriber base continued to grow, which resulted in increased revenues and improved margins, partially offset by $19.4 million in higher selling and support costs. The higher selling and support costs mainly related to increased sales and marketing support costs as we continued to expand our consumer broadband subscriber base and partially related to litigation expense focused on protecting and extending our technology advantages.

Commercial networks segment

Revenues

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
      

Segment product revenues

   $ 197.0       $ 151.9       $ 45.1        29.7

Segment service revenues

     10.6         10.8         (0.2     (1.7 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 207.6       $ 162.7       $ 44.9        27.6

Our commercial networks segment revenues increased by $44.9 million, primarily due to the $45.1 million increase in product revenues. Of this revenue increase, $35.2 million related to fixed satellite networks (driven primarily by consumer broadband products), $8.2 million to mobile broadband satellite communication systems, and $7.1 million to satellite payload technology development programs. These increases were partially offset by decreases in revenues for our in antenna systems products of $3.3 million and for our satellite networking development programs of $3.2 million.

Segment operating profit (loss)

 

     Six Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
      

Segment operating profit (loss)

   $ 3.0      $ (3.9   $ 6.9         176.1

Percentage of segment revenues

     1.4     (2.4 )%      

Our commercial networks segment generated an operating profit for the first six months of fiscal year 2014 compared to an operating loss in the same period in the prior fiscal year. This change was primarily due to $17.7 million in higher earnings contributions from increased revenues and improved margins in our consumer broadband products and in our mobile broadband satellite communication systems, partially offset by higher IR&D costs of $7.8 million and higher selling, support and new business proposal costs of $3.0 million.

Government systems segment

Revenues

 

     Six Months Ended      Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
     Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
     September 28,
2012
       

Segment product revenues

   $ 195.6       $ 160.8       $ 34.7         21.6

Segment service revenues

     85.6         74.5         11.2         15.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total revenues

   $ 281.2       $ 235.3       $ 45.9         19.5

Our government systems segment revenues grew by $45.9 million, due to an increase of $34.7 million in product revenues and $11.2 million in service revenues. The increase in product revenues was primarily due to revenue increases of $14.8 million in government satellite communication systems, $12.4 million in TrellisWare, and $8.0 million in information assurance products. The

 

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Table of Contents

increase in service revenues was primarily due to a $14.1 million revenue increase in government satellite communication systems services (mainly attributable broadband networking services revenues for military customers) and a $2.2 million increase in revenue related to tactical data link services, offset by service revenue decreases of $4.0 million in TrellisWare and $1.2 million in information assurance services.

Segment operating profit

 

     Six Months Ended     Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
    Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 

(In millions, except percentages)

   October 4,
2013
    September 28,
2012
     

Segment operating profit

   $ 34.9      $ 39.3      $ (4.4     (11.2 )% 

Percentage of segment revenues

     12.4     16.7    

The $4.4 million decrease in our government systems segment operating profit reflected higher IR&D costs of $5.9 million and higher selling, support and new business proposal costs of $5.4 million, offset by $6.9 million of higher earnings contributions (mainly from revenue growth and improved margins in tactical data link products and TrellisWare).

Backlog

As reflected in the table below, both firm and funded backlog decreased overall during the first six months of fiscal year 2014 due to decreases in the government systems and commercial networks segments.

 

     As of
October 4, 2013
     As of
March 29, 2013
 
     (In millions)  

Firm backlog

     

Satellite Services segment

   $ 35.0       $ 24.7   

Commercial Networks segment

     431.6         472.1   

Government Systems segment

     339.3         355.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 805.9       $ 851.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Funded backlog

     

Satellite Services segment

   $ 35.0       $ 24.7   

Commercial Networks segment

     431.6         472.1   

Government Systems segment

     307.1         345.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 773.7       $ 842.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The firm backlog does not include contract options. Of the $805.9 million in firm backlog, $364.8 million is expected to be delivered during the remaining six months of fiscal year 2014, and the balance is expected to be delivered in fiscal year 2015 and thereafter. We include in our backlog only those orders for which we have accepted purchase orders.

Our total new awards were $391.1 million and $645.1 million for the three and six months ended October 4, 2013, respectively, compared to $548.0 million and $880.6 million for the three and six months ended September 28, 2012, respectively.

Backlog is not necessarily indicative of future sales. A majority of our contracts can be terminated at the convenience of the customer. Orders are often made substantially in advance of delivery, and our contracts typically provide that orders may be terminated with limited or no penalties. In addition, purchase orders may present product specifications that would require us to complete additional product development. A failure to develop products meeting such specifications could lead to a termination of the related contract.

Firm backlog amounts are comprised of funded and unfunded components. Funded backlog represents the sum of contract amounts for which funds have been specifically obligated by customers to contracts. Unfunded backlog represents future amounts that customers may obligate over the specified contract performance periods. Our customers allocate funds for expenditures on long-term contracts on a periodic basis. Our ability to realize revenues from contracts in backlog is dependent upon adequate funding for such contracts. Although we do not control the funding of our contracts, our experience indicates that actual contract fundings have ultimately been approximately equal to the aggregate amounts of the contracts.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

We have financed our operations to date primarily with cash flows from operations, bank line of credit financing, debt financing and equity financing. At October 4, 2013, we had $67.1 million in cash and cash equivalents, $247.2 million in working capital, and $35.0 million in borrowings under our revolving credit facility (the Credit Facility). At March 29, 2013, we had $105.7 million in cash and cash equivalents, $297.7 million in working capital and no outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility. We invest our cash in excess of current operating requirements in short-term, interest-bearing, investment-grade securities.

Our future capital requirements will depend upon many factors, including the timing and amount of cash required for our ViaSat-2 satellite project and any future broadband satellite projects we may engage in, expansion of our research and development and marketing efforts, and the nature and timing of orders. Additionally, we will continue to evaluate possible acquisitions of, or investments in complementary businesses, products and technologies which may require the use of cash or additional financing.

The general cash needs of our satellite services, commercial networks and government systems segments can vary significantly. The cash needs of our satellite services segment tend to be driven by the timing of capital expenditure payments (e.g., payments under satellite construction and launch contracts) and of network expansion activities, as well as the quality of customer, type of contract and payment terms. In our commercial networks segment, cash needs tend to be driven primarily by the type and mix of contracts in backlog, the nature and quality of customers, the level of investments in IR&D activities and the payment terms of customers (including whether advance payments are made or customer financing is required). In our government systems segment, the primary factors determining cash needs tend to be the type and mix of contracts in backlog (e.g., product or service, development or production) and timing of payments (including restrictions on the timing of cash payments under U.S. government procurement regulations). Other factors affecting the cash needs of our commercial networks and government systems segments include contract duration and program performance. For example, if a program is performing well and meeting its contractual requirements, then its cash flow requirements are usually lower.

To further enhance our liquidity position, we may obtain additional financing, which could consist of debt, convertible debt or equity financing from public and/or private capital markets. In March 2013, we filed a universal shelf registration statement with the SEC for the future sale of an unlimited amount of debt securities, common stock, preferred stock, depositary shares, warrants and rights. The securities may be offered from time to time, separately or together, directly by us, by selling security holders, or through underwriters, dealers or agents at amounts, prices, interest rates and other terms to be determined at the time of the offering. We believe that our current cash balances and net cash expected to be provided by operating activities along with availability under our Credit Facility will be sufficient to meet our anticipated operating requirements for at least the next twelve months.

Cash flows

Cash provided by operating activities for the first six months of fiscal year 2014 was $102.8 million compared to $42.1 million in the prior year period. This $60.7 million increase was primarily driven by our operating results (net income adjusted for depreciation, amortization and other non-cash charges) which generated $46.5 million of higher cash inflows, coupled with a $14.2 million year-over-year decrease in cash used to fund net operating assets needs. The decrease in net operating assets from March 29, 2013 was mainly due to a $42.8 million increase in our accounts payable due to timing of payments, partially offset by a $21.9 million increase in inventory mainly in our commercial networks, primarily due to high demand for CPE terminal sales from domestic and international customers, and a $6.3 million increase in combined billed and unbilled accounts receivables, net, attributable to the contractual timing of certain milestones in our commercial network segment.

Cash used in investing activities for the first six months of fiscal year 2014 was $184.7 million compared to $87.0 million in the prior year period. The increase in cash used in investing activities reflected the $51.6 million in cash used during the first six months of fiscal year 2014 for the construction of our ViaSat-2 satellite, as well as a $36.0 million increase in capital expenditures year-over-year for new CPE units and other general purpose equipment.

Cash provided by financing activities for the first six months of fiscal year 2014 was $43.3 million compared to cash provided by financing activities of $8.4 million for the prior year period. This $34.8 million increase in cash provided by financing activities was primarily related to the $35.0 million in proceeds from borrowings under our Credit Facility during the first six months of fiscal year 2014, compared to no borrowings in the prior year period. Cash provided by financing activities for both periods included cash received from stock option exercises and employee stock purchase plan purchases, and cash used for the repurchase of common stock related to net share settlement of certain employee tax liabilities in connection with the vesting of restricted stock unit awards.

Satellite service-related activities

In May 2013, we entered into an agreement with The Boeing Company (Boeing) to purchase ViaSat-2, our second high-capacity Ka-band satellite, at a price of approximately $358.0 million, plus an additional amount for launch support services to be performed by Boeing. The projected total cost of the ViaSat-2 project, including the satellite, launch, insurance and related gateway infrastructure, through satellite launch is estimated to be between $600.0 million to $650.0 million, and will depend on the timing of the gateway infrastructure roll-out. Our total required cash funding may be reduced through various third party agreements, including potential joint service offerings and other strategic partnering arrangements. We believe we have adequate sources of funding for the project, which include our cash on hand, available borrowing capacity and the cash we expect to generate from operations over the next few years.

 

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We have incurred higher operating costs in connection with the launch and roll-out of our ViaSat-1 satellite and related ground infrastructure and our Exede broadband services, as well as higher interest expense as we capitalized a significantly lower amount of the interest expense on our outstanding debt. These higher operating costs included costs associated with depreciation, gateway connectivity, subscriber acquisition costs, logistics, customer care and various support systems. The higher operating costs attributed to our Exede service launch have negatively impacted income from operations during the past two fiscal years. However, as the total number of subscribers of our Exede broadband services increases, we expect the resultant increase in service revenues in our satellite services segment to improve income (loss) from operations for that segment over time. However, there can be no assurance that the number of subscribers of our Exede broadband services and service revenues in our satellite services segment will continue to increase. We also expect our capital expenditures to increase during the remainder of fiscal year 2014 as a result of increased subscriber acquisition costs relating to the expected increase in the number of subscribers on our Exede broadband services and capital required for the construction of our newest high-capacity satellite, ViaSat-2.

We are involved in a variety of claims, suits, investigations and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims and other matters. See “Legal Proceedings” in Part II, Item 1 for a discussion of certain patent infringement litigation involving Space Systems/Loral, Inc. (SS/L) and its former parent company Loral Space & Communications, Inc. (Loral). Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because we expect to incur costs, which may vary based on interim rulings, discovery and other related activities. In addition, it is possible that an unfavorable resolution of one or more such proceedings could in the future materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in a particular period.

Credit Facility

As of October 4, 2013, the Credit Facility, as amended, provided a revolving line of credit of $325.0 million (including up to $50.0 million of letters of credit) with a maturity date of May 9, 2017. Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest, at our option, at either (1) the highest of the Federal Funds rate plus 0.50%, the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, or the administrative agent’s prime rate as announced from time to time, or (2) the Eurodollar rate, plus, in the case of each of (1) and (2), an applicable margin that is based on our total leverage ratio. At October 4, 2013, the weighted average effective interest rate on our outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.94%. The Credit Facility is required to be guaranteed by certain of our significant domestic subsidiaries (as defined in the Credit Facility) and secured by substantially all of our assets. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, the last remaining subsidiary guarantor, ViaSat Communications, Inc., was merged into ViaSat. Accordingly, as of October 4, 2013, none of our subsidiaries guaranteed the Credit Facility. The Credit Facility contains financial covenants regarding a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. In addition, the Credit Facility contains covenants that restrict, among other things, our ability to sell assets, make investments and acquisitions, make capital expenditures, grant liens, pay dividends and make certain other restricted payments.

At October 4, 2013, we had $35.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility and $38.7 million outstanding under standby letters of credit, leaving borrowing availability under the Credit Facility as of October 4, 2013 of $251.3 million.

Senior Notes due 2020

In February 2012, we issued $275.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers, which were exchanged in August 2012 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. These initial 2020 Notes were issued at face value and are recorded as long-term debt in our condensed consolidated financial statements. On October 12, 2012, we issued an additional $300.0 million in principal amount of 2020 Notes in a private placement to institutional buyers at an issue price of 103.50% of the principal amount, which were exchanged in January 2013 for substantially identical 2020 Notes that had been registered with the SEC. The 2020 Notes are all treated as a single class. The 2020 Notes bear interest at the rate of 6.875% per year, payable semi-annually in cash in arrears, which interest payments commenced in June 2012. Deferred financing cost associated with the issuance of the 2020 Notes is amortized to interest expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the 2020 Notes, the results of which are not materially different from the effective interest rate basis. The $10.5 million premium we received in connection with the issuance of the additional 2020 Notes is recorded as long-term debt in our condensed consolidated financial statements and is being amortized as a reduction to interest expense on an effective interest rate basis over the term of those 2020 Notes.

The 2020 Notes are required to be guaranteed on an unsecured senior basis by each of our existing and future subsidiaries that guarantees the Credit Facility. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, the last remaining subsidiary guarantor, ViaSat Communications, Inc., was merged into ViaSat. Accordingly, as of October 4, 2013, none of our subsidiaries guaranteed the 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes are our general senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of our existing and future unsecured unsubordinated debt. The 2020 Notes are effectively junior in right of payment to our existing and future secured debt, including under the Credit Facility (to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt), are structurally subordinated to all existing and future liabilities (including trade payables) of our subsidiaries that do not guarantee the 2020 Notes, and are senior in right of payment to all of our existing and future subordinated indebtedness.

 

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The indenture governing the 2020 Notes limits, among other things, our and our restricted subsidiaries’ ability to: incur, assume or guarantee additional debt; issue redeemable stock and preferred stock; pay dividends, make distributions or redeem or repurchase capital stock; prepay, redeem or repurchase subordinated debt; make loans and investments; grant or incur liens; restrict dividends, loans or asset transfers from restricted subsidiaries; sell or otherwise dispose of assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; reduce our satellite insurance; and consolidate or merge with, or sell substantially all of their assets to, another person.

Prior to June 15, 2015, we may redeem up to 35% of the 2020 Notes at a redemption price of 106.875% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date, from the net cash proceeds of specified equity offerings. We may also redeem the 2020 Notes prior to June 15, 2016, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof plus the applicable premium and any accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date. The applicable premium is calculated as the greater of: (i) 1.0% of the principal amount of such 2020 Notes and (ii) the excess, if any, of (a) the present value at such date of redemption of (1) the redemption price of such 2020 Notes on June 15, 2016 plus (2) all required interest payments due on such 2020 Notes through June 15, 2016 (excluding accrued but unpaid interest to the date of redemption), computed using a discount rate equal to the treasury rate (as defined under the indenture) plus 50 basis points, over (b) the then-outstanding principal amount of such 2020 Notes. The 2020 Notes may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at any time during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2016 at a redemption price of 103.438%, during the twelve months beginning on June 15, 2017 at a redemption price of 101.719%, and at any time on or after June 15, 2018 at a redemption price of 100%, in each case plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, thereon to the redemption date.

In the event a change of control occurs (as defined in the indenture), each holder will have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s 2020 Notes at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2020 Notes repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of purchase (subject to the right of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

Contractual Obligations

The following table sets forth a summary of our obligations at October 4, 2013:

 

            For the
Remainder of
Fiscal Year
     For the Fiscal Years Ending  

(In thousands, including interest where applicable)

   Total      2014      2015-2016      2017-2018      Thereafter  

Operating leases and satellite capacity agreements

   $ 199,657       $ 35,743       $ 68,871       $ 36,097       $ 58,946   

2020 Notes

     851,719         19,766         79,063         79,063         673,827   

Line of credit

     35,000        —          —          35,000        —    

Standby letters of credit

     38,668         7,776         30,892         —          —    

Satellite performance incentives

     36,785         881         3,861         4,424         27,619   

Purchase commitments including satellite-related agreements

     712,652         235,626         368,297         74,742         33,987   

Other

     2,502         1,046         1,456         —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,876,983       $ 300,838       $ 552,440       $ 229,326       $ 794,379   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We purchase components from a variety of suppliers and use several subcontractors and contract manufacturers to provide design and manufacturing services for our products. During the normal course of business, we enter into agreements with subcontractors, contract manufacturers and suppliers that either allow them to procure inventory based upon criteria defined by us or that establish the parameters defining our requirements. We have also entered into agreements with suppliers for the construction of our ViaSat-2 satellite, and operations of our satellites. In certain instances, these agreements allow us the option to cancel, reschedule and adjust our requirements based on our business needs prior to firm orders being placed. Consequently, only a portion of our reported purchase commitments arising from these agreements are firm, non-cancelable and unconditional commitments.

Our condensed consolidated balance sheets included $51.7 million and $52.6 million of “other liabilities” as of October 4, 2013 and March 29, 2013, respectively, which primarily consisted of the long-term portion of our satellite performance incentives obligation, our long-term warranty obligations, the long-term portion of deferred rent, long-term portion of deferred revenue, long-term deferred income taxes and long-term unrecognized tax position liabilities. With the exception of the long-term portion of our satellite performance incentives obligation, these remaining liabilities have been excluded from the above table as the timing and/or the amount of any cash payment is uncertain. See Note 9 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding our income taxes and related tax positions and Note 7 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of our product warranties.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We had no material off-balance sheet arrangements at October 4, 2013 as defined in Regulation S-K Item 303(a)(4) other than as discussed under Contractual Obligations above or disclosed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report or in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 29, 2013.

Recent Authoritative Guidance

For information regarding recently adopted and issued accounting pronouncements, see Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Interest rate risk

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, short-term and long-term obligations, including the Credit Facility and the 2020 Notes, and foreign currency forward contracts. We consider investments in highly liquid instruments purchased with a remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. As of October 4, 2013, we had $35.0 million under our Credit Facility and $575.0 million in aggregate principal amount outstanding of the 2020 Notes, and we held no short-term investments. Our 2020 Notes bear interest at a fixed rate and therefore our exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to borrowings under our Credit Facility, cash equivalents, short-term investments and short-term obligations.

The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal while at the same time maximizing the income we receive from our investments without significantly increasing risk. To minimize this risk, we maintain a significant portion of our cash balance in money market funds. In general, money market funds are not subject to interest rate risk because the interest paid on such funds fluctuates with the prevailing interest rate. Our cash and cash equivalents earn interest at variable rates. Given recent declines in interest rates, our interest income has been and may continue to be negatively impacted. Fixed rate securities may have their fair market value adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. If the underlying weighted average interest rate on our cash and cash equivalents, assuming balances remain constant over a year, changed by 50 basis points, interest income would have increased or decreased by approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended October 4, 2013 and September 28, 2012, respectively. Because our investment policy restricts us to invest in conservative, interest-bearing investments and because our business strategy does not rely on generating material returns from our investment portfolio, we do not expect our market risk exposure on our investment portfolio to be material.

As of October 4, 2013, we had $35.0 million in principal amount of outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility. Our primary interest rate under the Credit Facility is the Eurodollar rate plus an applicable margin that is based on our total leverage ratio. At October 4, 2013, the weighted average effective interest rate on our outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.94%. Assuming the outstanding balance remained constant over a year, a 50 basis point increase in the interest rate would increase interest incurred prior to effects of capitalized interest and cash flow by approximately $0.2 million over a twelve-month period.

Foreign exchange risk

We generally conduct our business in U.S. dollars. However, as our international business is conducted in a variety of foreign currencies, we are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Our objective in managing our exposure to foreign currency risk is to reduce earnings and cash flow volatility associated with foreign exchange rate fluctuations. Accordingly, from time to time, we may enter into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate risks associated with foreign currency denominated assets, liabilities, commitments and anticipated foreign currency transactions.

As of October 4, 2013, we had a number of foreign currency forward contracts outstanding which are intended to reduce the foreign currency risk for amounts payable to vendors in Euros. The foreign currency forward contracts with a notional amount of $9.2 million had a fair value of approximately $0.1 million and were recorded in other current assets as of October 4, 2013. If the foreign currency forward rate for the Euro to the U.S. dollar on these foreign currency forward contracts had changed by 10%, the fair value of these foreign currency forward contracts as of October 4, 2013 would have changed by approximately $0.9 million.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving the objective that information in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified and pursuant to the requirements of the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

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As required by SEC Rule 13a-15(b), we carried out an evaluation, with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of October 4, 2013, the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based upon the foregoing, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level as of October 4, 2013.

During the period covered by this Quarterly Report, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

In February 2012, we filed a complaint against SS/L and its former parent company Loral in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California for patent infringement and breach of contract relating to the manufacture of ViaSat-1. We allege, among other things, that SS/L and Loral infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 8,107,875, 8,010,043, 8,068,827 and 7,773,942 by making, using, offering to sell and/or selling other high-capacity broadband satellites, and have requested monetary damages, injunctive relief and other remedies. In June 2012, SS/L filed counterclaims against ViaSat for patent infringement and declaratory relief. Specifically, SS/L seeks a judicial declaration that SS/L did not breach the parties’ contract for the manufacture of ViaSat-1, that SS/L does not infringe the ViaSat patents described above, and that those patents are invalid and/or unenforceable. SS/L also alleges that ViaSat infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 6,879,808, 6,400,696 and 7,219,132 by providing broadband internet service by means of the Anik F2 satellite using ViaSat satellite gateways and satellite user terminals and has induced others to infringe by selling certain ground equipment and user terminals.

On September 5, 2013, we filed a complaint against SS/L in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California for patent infringement relating to SS/L’s continued use of ViaSat’s patented technology in the manufacture of high-capacity broadband satellites. We allege, among other things, that SS/L infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 8,213,929, 8,254,832 and 8,285,202 by making, using, offering to sell and/or selling other high-capacity broadband satellites. We have requested monetary damages, injunctive relief and other remedies.

From time to time, we are involved in a variety of claims, suits, investigations and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims, breach of contract claims, labor and employment claims, tax and other matters. Although claims, suits, investigations and proceedings are inherently uncertain and their results cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe that the resolution of our current pending matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense costs, diversion of management resources and other factors. In addition, it is possible that an unfavorable resolution of one or more such proceedings could in the future materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in a particular period.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 29, 2013, which factors could materially affect our business, financial condition, liquidity or future results. The risks described in our reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q are not the only risks facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity or future results.

Item 6. Exhibits

The Exhibit Index on page 44 is incorporated herein by reference as the list of exhibits required as part of this Quarterly Report.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

      VIASAT, INC.
November 13, 2013       /s/ M ARK D ANKBERG
      Mark Dankberg
     

Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

      /s/ B RUCE D IRKS
      Bruce Dirks
      Chief Financial Officer
      (Principal Financial Officer)
      /s/ S HAWN D UFFY
      Shawn Duffy
      Vice President, Corporate Controller and
      Chief Accounting Officer
      (Principal Accounting Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

        Form      Incorporated by Reference      Filed
Herewith
 
  

Exhibit Description

      File No.      Exhibit      Filing Date     
10.1*    ViaSat, Inc. Employee Stock Purchase Plan (As Amended and Restated Effective September 18, 2013)      8-K         000-21767         10.1         09/19/2013      
31.1    Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002                  X   
31.2    Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002                  X   
32.1    Certifications Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002                  X   
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document                  X   
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema                  X   
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase                  X   
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase                  X   
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase                  X   
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase                  X   

 

* Indicates management contract, compensatory plan or arrangement.

 

44

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT

TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Mark Dankberg, Chief Executive Officer of ViaSat, Inc., certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of ViaSat, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 13, 2013       /s/ M ARK D ANKBERG
      Mark Dankberg
      Chief Executive Officer

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT

TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Bruce Dirks, Chief Financial Officer of ViaSat, Inc., certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of ViaSat, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 13, 2013       /s/ B RUCE D IRKS
      Bruce Dirks
      Chief Financial Officer

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of ViaSat, Inc. (the “Company”) hereby certifies, to such officer’s knowledge, that:

(a) the accompanying quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended October 4, 2013 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(b) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 13, 2013       /s/ M ARK D ANKBERG
      Mark Dankberg
      Chief Executive Officer

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of ViaSat, Inc. (the “Company”) hereby certifies, to such officer’s knowledge, that:

(a) the accompanying quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended October 4, 2013 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(b) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 13, 2013       /s/ B RUCE D IRKS
      Bruce Dirks
      Chief Financial Officer